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coral

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coral


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Coral  \Cor"al\,  n.  [Of.  coral,  F,  corail,  L.  corallum,  coralium 
  fr  Gr  kora`llion.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  hard  parts  or  skeleton  of  various  Anthozoa, 
  and  of  a  few  Hydrozoa.  Similar  structures  are  also  formed 
  by  some  Bryozoa. 
 
  Note:  The  large  stony  corals  forming  coral  reefs  belong  to 
  various  genera  of  {Madreporaria},  and  to  the  hydroid 
  genus,  {Millepora}.  The  red  coral,  used  in  jewelry,  is 
  the  stony  axis  of  the  stem  of  a  gorgonian  ({Corallium 
  rubrum})  found  chiefly  in  the  Mediterranean.  The  {fan 
  corals},  {plume  corals},  and  {sea  feathers}  are  species 
  of  {Gorgoniacea},  in  which  the  axis  is  horny. 
  Organ-pipe  coral  is  formed  by  the  genus  {Tubipora},  an 
  Alcyonarian  and  {black  coral}  is  in  part  the  axis  of 
  species  of  the  genus  {Antipathes}.  See  {Anthozoa}, 
  {Madrepora}. 
 
  2.  The  ovaries  of  a  cooked  lobster;  --  so  called  from  their 
  color. 
 
  3.  A  piece  of  coral,  usually  fitted  with  small  bells  and 
  other  appurtenances,  used  by  children  as  a  plaything. 
 
  {Brain  coral},  or  {Brain  stone  coral}.  See  under  {Brain}. 
 
  {Chain  coral}.  See  under  {Chain}. 
 
  {Coral  animal}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  the  polyps  by  which  corals 
  are  formed.  They  are  often  very  erroneously  called  {coral 
  insects}. 
 
  {Coral  fish}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Coral  reefs}  (Phys.  Geog.),  reefs,  often  of  great  extent, 
  made  up  chiefly  of  fragments  of  corals,  coral  sands,  and 
  the  solid  limestone  resulting  from  their  consolidation. 
  They  are  classed  as  {fringing  reefs},  when  they  border  the 
  land;  {barrier  reefs},  when  separated  from  the  shore  by  a 
  broad  belt  of  water;  {atolls},  when  they  constitute 
  separate  islands,  usually  inclosing  a  lagoon.  See  {Atoll}. 
 
 
  {Coral  root}  (Bot.),  a  genus  ({Corallorhiza})  of  orchideous 
  plants,  of  a  yellowish  or  brownish  red  color,  parasitic  on 
  roots  of  other  plants,  and  having  curious  jointed  or 
  knotted  roots  not  unlike  some  kinds  of  coral.  See  Illust. 
  under  {Coralloid}. 
 
  {Coral  snake}.  Zo 
  a  A  small  venomous,  Brazilian  snake  {(Elaps 
  corallinus)},  coral-red,  with  black  bands. 
  b  A  small  harmless,  South  American  snake  ({Tortrix 
  scytale}). 
 
  {Coral  tree}  (Bot.),  a  tropical,  leguminous  plant,  of  several 
  species,  with  showy,  scarlet  blossoms  and  coral-red  seeds. 
  The  best  known  is  {Erythrina  Corallodendron}. 
 
  {Coral  wood},  a  hard,  red  cabinet  wood.  --McElrath. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  coral 
  adj  :  of  a  strong  pink  to  yellowish-pink  color 
  n  1:  a  variable  color  averaging  a  deep  pink 
  2:  the  hard  stony  skeleton  of  a  Mediterranean  coral  that  has  a 
  delicate  red  or  pink  color  and  is  used  for  jewelry  [syn:  {red 
  coral},  {precious  coral}] 
  3:  unfertilized  lobster  roe;  reddens  in  cooking;  used  as 
  garnish  or  to  color  sauces 
  4:  marine  colonial  polyp  characterized  by  a  calcareous 
  skeleton;  masses  in  a  variety  of  shapes  often  forming 
  reefs 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Coral,  MI 
  Zip  code(s):  49322 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  CORAL 
 
  1.  {Class  Oriented  Ring  Associated  Language}. 
 
  2.  A  {deductive  database}  and  {logic  programming}  system  based 
  on  {Horn-clause}  rules  with  extensions  like  {SQL}'s  {group-by} 
  and  {aggregation}  operators.  CORAL  was  developed  at  the 
  University  of  Wisconsin-Madison.  It  is  implemented  in  C++  and 
  has  a  {Prolog}-like  {syntax}. 
 
  Many  evaluation  techniques  are  supported,  including  {bottom-up 
  fixpoint  evaluation}  and  top-down  {backtracking}.  {Modules} 
  are  separately  compiled;  different  evaluation  methods  can  be 
  used  in  different  modules  within  a  single  program. 
  Disk-resident  data  is  supported  via  an  interface  to  the 
  {Exodus}  storage  manager.  There  is  an  on-line  help  facility. 
  It  requires  {AT&T}  {C++}  2.0  (or  {G++}  soon)  and  runs  on 
  {Decstation}  and  {Sun-4}. 
 
  {(ftp://ftp.cs.wisc.edu/)} 
 
  (1993-01-29) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Coral 
  Heb.  ramoth,  meaning  "heights;"  i.e.,  "high-priced"  or  valuable 
  things  or  as  some  suppose,  "that  which  grows  high,"  like  a 
  tree  (Job  28:18;  Ezek.  27:16),  according  to  the  Rabbins,  red 
  coral,  which  was  in  use  for  ornaments. 
 
  The  coral  is  a  cretaceous  marine  product,  the  deposit  by 
  minute  polypous  animals  of  calcareous  matter  in  cells  in  which 
  the  animal  lives.  It  is  of  numberless  shapes  as  it  grows,  but 
  usually  is  branched  like  a  tree.  Great  coral  reefs  and  coral 
  islands  abound  in  the  Red  Sea,  whence  probably  the  Hebrews 
  derived  their  knowledge  of  it  It  is  found  of  different  colours, 
  white,  black,  and  red.  The  red,  being  esteemed  the  most 
  precious,  was  used  as  noticed  above,  for  ornamental  purposes. 
 




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