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cubit

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cubit


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cubit  \Cu"bit\  (k[=u]"b[i^]t),  n.  [L.  cubitum,  cubitus;  elbow, 
  ell,  cubit,  fr  (because  the  elbow  serves  for  leaning  upon) 
  cubare  to  lie  down  recline;  cf  Gr  ky`biton  elbow,  ky`ptein 
  to  bend,  stoop,  kyfo`s  bent,  stooping,  humpbacked.  Cf 
  {Incumbent},  {Covey}.] 
  1.  (Anat.)  The  forearm;  the  ulna,  a  bone  of  the  arm  extending 
  from  elbow  to  wrist.  [Obs.] 
 
  2.  A  measure  of  length,  being  the  distance  from  the  elbow  to 
  the  extremity  of  the  middle  finger. 
 
  Note:  The  cubit  varies  in  length  in  different  countries,  the 
  Roman  cubit  being  17,47  inches,  the  Greek  18,20,  the 
  Hebrew  somewhat  longer,  and  the  English  18  inches. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cubit 
  n  :  an  ancient  unit  of  length  based  on  the  length  of  the  forearm 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cubit 
  Heb.  'ammah;  i.e.,  "mother  of  the  arm,"  the  fore-arm,  is  a  word 
  derived  from  the  Latin  cubitus,  the  lower  arm.  It  is  difficult 
  to  determine  the  exact  length  of  this  measure,  from  the 
  uncertainty  whether  it  included  the  entire  length  from  the  elbow 
  to  the  tip  of  the  longest  finger,  or  only  from  the  elbow  to  the 
  root  of  the  hand  at  the  wrist.  The  probability  is  that  the 
  longer  was  the  original  cubit.  The  common  computation  as  to  the 
  length  of  the  cubit  makes  it  20.24  inches  for  the  ordinary 
  cubit,  and  21.888  inches  for  the  sacred  one  This  is  the  same  as 
  the  Egyptian  measurements. 
 
  A  rod  or  staff  the  measure  of  a  cubit  is  called  in  Judg.  3:16 
  _gomed_,  which  literally  means  a  "cut,"  something  "cut  off."  The 
  LXX.  and  Vulgate  render  it  "span." 
 




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