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damascus

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damascus


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Damascus  \Da*mas"cus\,  n.  [L.] 
  A  city  of  Syria. 
 
  {Damascus  blade},  a  sword  or  scimiter,  made  chiefly  at 
  Damascus,  having  a  variegated  appearance  of  watering,  and 
  proverbial  for  excellence. 
 
  {Damascus  iron},  or  {Damascus  twist},  metal  formed  of  thin 
  bars  or  wires  of  iron  and  steel  elaborately  twisted  and 
  welded  together;  used  for  making  gun  barrels,  etc.,  of 
  high  quality,  in  which  the  surface,  when  polished  and 
  acted  upon  by  acid,  has  a  damask  appearance. 
 
  {Damascus  steel}.  See  {Damask  steel},  under  {Damask},  a. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Damascus 
  n  :  an  ancient  city  (widely  regarded  as  the  world's  oldest)  and 
  present  capital  and  largest  city  of  Syria;  according  to 
  the  New  Testament,  the  Apostle  Paul  (then  known  as  Saul) 
  underwent  a  dramatic  conversion  on  the  road  to  Damascus 
  [syn:  {Damascus},  {capital  of  Syria}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Damascus,  AR  (town,  FIPS  17290) 
  Location:  35.36464  N,  92.40581  W 
  Population  (1990):  246  (122  housing  units) 
  Area:  3.5  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Damascus,  GA  (town,  FIPS  21436) 
  Location:  31.29840  N,  84.71751  W 
  Population  (1990):  290  (120  housing  units) 
  Area:  4.5  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  31741 
  Damascus,  MD  (CDP,  FIPS  21475) 
  Location:  39.27773  N,  77.20498  W 
  Population  (1990):  9817  (3315  housing  units) 
  Area:  24.7  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  20872 
  Damascus,  PA 
  Zip  code(s):  18415 
  Damascus,  VA  (town,  FIPS  21184) 
  Location:  36.63278  N,  81.78935  W 
  Population  (1990):  918  (485  housing  units) 
  Area:  2.2  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  24236 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Damascus 
  activity,  the  most  ancient  of  Oriental  cities;  the  capital  of 
  Syria  (Isa.  7:8;  17:3);  situated  about  133  miles  to  the  north  of 
  Jerusalem.  Its  modern  name  is  Esh-Sham;  i.e.,  "the  East." 
 
  The  situation  of  this  city  is  said  to  be  the  most  beautiful  of 
  all  Western  Asia.  It  is  mentioned  among  the  conquests  of  the 
  Egyptian  king  Thothmes  III.  (B.C.  1500),  and  in  the  Amarna 
  tablets  (B.C.  1400). 
 
  It  is  first  mentioned  in  Scripture  in  connection  with 
  Abraham's  victory  over  the  confederate  kings  under  Chedorlaomer 
  (Gen.  14:15).  It  was  the  native  place  of  Abraham's  steward 
  (15:2).  It  is  not  again  noticed  till  the  time  of  David,  when 
  "the  Syrians  of  Damascus  came  to  succour  Hadadezer"  (q.v.),  2 
  Sam.  8:5;  1  Chr.  18:5.  In  the  reign  of  Solomon,  Rezon  became 
  leader  of  a  band  who  revolted  from  Hadadezer  (1  Kings  11:23), 
  and  betaking  themselves  to  Damascus,  settled  there  and  made 
  their  leader  king.  There  was  a  long  war,  with  varying  success, 
  between  the  Israelites  and  Syrians,  who  at  a  later  period  became 
  allies  of  Israel  against  Judah  (2  Kings  15:37). 
 
  The  Syrians  were  at  length  subdued  by  the  Assyrians,  the  city 
  of  Damascus  was  taken  and  destroyed,  and  the  inhabitants  carried 
  captive  into  Assyria  (2  Kings  16:7-9;  comp.  Isa.  7:8).  In  this 
  prophecy  was  fulfilled  (Isa.  17:1;  Amos  1:4;  Jer.  49:24).  The 
  kingdom  of  Syria  remained  a  province  of  Assyria  till  the  capture 
  of  Nineveh  by  the  Medes  (B.C.  625),  when  it  fell  under  the 
  conquerors.  After  passing  through  various  vicissitudes,  Syria 
  was  invaded  by  the  Romans  (B.C.  64),  and  Damascus  became  the 
  seat  of  the  government  of  the  province.  In  A.D.  37  Aretas,  the 
  king  of  Arabia,  became  master  of  Damascus,  having  driven  back 
  Herod  Antipas. 
 
  This  city  is  memorable  as  the  scene  of  Saul's  conversion  (Acts 
  9:1-25).  The  street  called  "Straight,"  in  which  Judas  lived,  in 
  whose  house  Saul  was  found  by  Ananias,  is  known  by  the  name 
  Sultany,  or  "Queen's  Street."  It  is  the  principal  street  of  the 
  city.  Paul  visited  Damascus  again  on  his  return  from  Arabia 
  (Gal.  1:16,  17).  Christianity  was  planted  here  as  a  centre  (Acts 
  9:20),  from  which  it  spread  to  the  surrounding  regions. 
 
  In  A.D.  634  Damascus  was  conquered  by  the  growing  Mohammedan 
  power.  In  A.D.  1516  it  fell  under  the  dominion  of  the  Turks,  its 
  present  rulers.  It  is  now  the  largest  city  in  Asiatic  Turkey. 
  Christianity  has  again  found  a  firm  footing  within  its  walls. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Damascus,  a  sack  full  of  blood;  the  similitude  of  burning 
 




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