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dispersion

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dispersion


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Dispersion  \Dis*per"sion\,  n.  [CF.  F.  dispersion.] 
  1.  The  act  or  process  of  scattering  or  dispersing,  or  the 
  state  of  being  scattered  or  separated;  as  the  Jews  in 
  their  dispersion  retained  their  rites  and  ceremonies;  a 
  great  dispersion  of  the  human  family  took  place  at  the 
  building  of  Babel. 
 
  The  days  of  your  slaughter  and  of  your  dispersions 
  are  accomplished.  --Jer.  xxv. 
  34. 
 
  2.  (Opt.)  The  separation  of  light  into  its  different  colored 
  rays,  arising  from  their  different  refrangibilities 
 
  {Dispersion  of  the  optic  axes}  (Crystallog.),  the  separation 
  of  the  optic  axes  in  biaxial  crystals,  due  to  the  fact 
  that  the  axial  angle  has  different  values  for  the 
  different  colors  of  the  spectrum. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  dispersion 
  n  1:  driving  off  or  spreading  widely  [syn:  {scattering}] 
  2:  the  spatial  property  of  being  scattered  about  over  an  area 
  or  volume  [syn:  {distribution}]  [ant:  {concentration}] 
  3:  the  act  of  dispersing  something  [syn:  {dispersal},  {dissemination}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Dispersion 
  (Gr.  diaspora,  "scattered,"  James  1:1;  1  Pet.  1:1)  of  the  Jews. 
  At  various  times,  and  from  the  operation  of  divers  causes,  the 
  Jews  were  separated  and  scattered  into  foreign  countries  "to  the 
  outmost  parts  of  heaven"  (Deut.  30:4). 
 
  (1.)  Many  were  dispersed  over  Assyria,  Media,  Babylonia,  and 
  Persia,  descendants  of  those  who  had  been  transported  thither  by 
  the  Exile.  The  ten  tribes,  after  existing  as  a  separate  kingdom 
  for  two  hundred  and  fifty-five  years,  were  carried  captive  (B.C. 
  721)  by  Shalmaneser  (or  Sargon),  king  of  Assyria.  They  never 
  returned  to  their  own  land  as  a  distinct  people,  although  many 
  individuals  from  among  these  tribes,  there  can  be  no  doubt, 
  joined  with  the  bands  that  returned  from  Babylon  on  the 
  proclamation  of  Cyrus. 
 
  (2.)  Many  Jews  migrated  to  Egypt  and  took  up  their  abode 
  there  This  migration  began  in  the  days  of  Solomon  (2  Kings 
  18:21,  24;  Isa.  30:7).  Alexander  the  Great  placed  a  large  number 
  of  Jews  in  Alexandria,  which  he  had  founded,  and  conferred  on 
  them  equal  rights  with  the  Egyptians.  Ptolemy  Philadelphus,  it 
  is  said  caused  the  Jewish  Scriptures  to  be  translated  into 
  Greek  (the  work  began  B.C.  284),  for  the  use  of  the  Alexandrian 
  Jews.  The  Jews  in  Egypt  continued  for  many  ages  to  exercise  a 
  powerful  influence  on  the  public  interests  of  that  country.  From 
  Egypt  they  spread  along  the  coast  of  Africa  to  Cyrene  (Acts 
  2:10)  and  to  Ethiopia  (8:27). 
 
  (3.)  After  the  time  of  Seleucus  Nicator  (B.C.  280),  one  of  the 
  captains  of  Alexander  the  Great,  large  numbers  of  Jews  migrated 
  into  Syria,  where  they  enjoyed  equal  rights  with  the 
  Macedonians.  From  Syria  they  found  their  way  into  Asia  Minor. 
  Antiochus  the  Great,  king  of  Syria  and  Asia,  removed  3,000 
  families  of  Jews  from  Mesopotamia  and  Babylonia,  and  planted 
  them  in  Phrygia  and  Lydia. 
 
  (4.)  From  Asia  Minor  many  Jews  moved  into  Greece  and 
  Macedonia,  chiefly  for  purposes  of  commerce.  In  the  apostles' 
  time  they  were  found  in  considerable  numbers  in  all  the 
  principal  cities. 
 
  From  the  time  of  Pompey  the  Great  (B.C.  63)  numbers  of  Jews 
  from  Palestine  and  Greece  went  to  Rome,  where  they  had  a 
  separate  quarter  of  the  city  assigned  to  them  Here  they  enjoyed 
  considerable  freedom. 
 
  Thus  were  the  Jews  everywhere  scattered  abroad.  This  in  the 
  overruling  providence  of  God,  ultimately  contributed  in  a  great 
  degree  toward  opening  the  way  for  the  spread  of  the  gospel  into 
  all  lands. 
 
  Dispersion,  from  the  plain  of  Shinar.  This  was  occasioned  by 
  the  confusion  of  tongues  at  Babel  (Gen.  11:9).  They  were 
  scattered  abroad  "every  one  after  his  tongue,  after  their 
  families,  in  their  nations"  (Gen.  10:5,  20,31). 
 
  The  tenth  chapter  of  Genesis  gives  us  an  account  of  the 
  principal  nations  of  the  earth  in  their  migrations  from  the 
  plain  of  Shinar,  which  was  their  common  residence  after  the 
  Flood.  In  general,  it  may  be  said  that  the  descendants  of 
  Japheth  were  scattered  over  the  north,  those  of  Shem  over  the 
  central  regions,  and  those  of  Ham  over  the  extreme  south.  The 
  following  table  shows  how  the  different  families  were  dispersed: 
  |  -  Japheth 
  |  -  Gomer 
  |  Cimmerians,  Armenians 
  |  -  Magog 
  |  Caucasians,  Scythians 
  |  -  Madal 
  |  Medes  and  Persian  tribes 
  |  -  Javan 
  |  -  Elishah 
  |  Greeks 
  |  -  Tarshish 
  |  Etruscans,  Romans 
  |  -  Chittim 
  |  Cyprians,  Macedonians 
  |  -  Dodanim 
  |  Rhodians 
  |  -  Tubal 
  |  Tibareni  Tartars 
  |  -  Mechech 
  |  Moschi  Muscovites 
  |  -  Tiras 
  |  Thracians 
  | 
  |  -  Shem 
  |  -  Elam 
  |  Persian  tribes 
  |  -  Asshur 
  |  Assyrian 
  |  -  Arphaxad 
  |  -  Abraham 
  |  -  Isaac 
  |  -  Jacob 
  |  Hebrews 
  |  -  Esau 
  |  Edomites 
  |  -  Ishmael 
  |  Mingled  with  Arab  tribes 
  |  -  Lud 
  |  Lydians 
  |  -  Aram 
  |  Syrians 
  | 
  |  -  Ham 
  |  -  Cush 
  |  Ethiopans 
  |  -  Mizrain 
  |  Egyptians 
  |  -  Phut 
  |  Lybians  Mauritanians 
  |  -  Canaan 
  |  Canaanites,  Phoenicians 
 




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