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division

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division


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Division  \Di*vi"sion\,  n.  [F.  division,  L.  divisio,  from 
  dividere.  See  {Divide}.] 
  1.  The  act  or  process  of  diving  anything  into  parts  or  the 
  state  of  being  so  divided;  separation. 
 
  I  was  overlooked  in  the  division  of  the  spoil. 
  --Gibbon. 
 
  2.  That  which  divides  or  keeps  apart;  a  partition. 
 
  3.  The  portion  separated  by  the  divining  of  a  mass  or  body;  a 
  distinct  segment  or  section. 
 
  Communities  and  divisions  of  men.  --Addison. 
 
  4.  Disunion;  difference  in  opinion  or  feeling;  discord; 
  variance;  alienation. 
 
  There  was  a  division  among  the  people.  --John  vii. 
  43. 
 
  5.  Difference  of  condition;  state  of  distinction; 
  distinction;  contrast.  --Chaucer. 
 
  I  will  put  a  division  between  my  people  and  thy 
  people.  --Ex.  viii. 
  23. 
 
  6.  Separation  of  the  members  of  a  deliberative  body,  esp.  of 
  the  Houses  of  Parliament,  to  ascertain  the  vote. 
 
  The  motion  passed  without  a  division.  --Macaulay. 
 
  7.  (Math.)  The  process  of  finding  how  many  times  one  number 
  or  quantity  is  contained  in  another;  the  reverse  of 
  multiplication;  also  the  rule  by  which  the  operation  is 
  performed. 
 
  8.  (Logic)  The  separation  of  a  genus  into  its  constituent 
  species. 
 
  9.  (Mil.) 
  a  Two  or  more  brigades  under  the  command  of  a  general 
  officer. 
  b  Two  companies  of  infantry  maneuvering  as  one 
  subdivision  of  a  battalion. 
  c  One  of  the  larger  districts  into  which  a  country  is 
  divided  for  administering  military  affairs. 
 
  10.  (Naut.)  One  of  the  groups  into  which  a  fleet  is  divided. 
 
  11.  (Mus.)  A  course  of  notes  so  running  into  each  other  as  to 
  form  one  series  or  chain,  to  be  sung  in  one  breath  to  one 
  syllable. 
 
  12.  (Rhet.)  The  distribution  of  a  discourse  into  parts  a 
  part  so  distinguished. 
 
  13.  (Biol.)  A  grade  or  rank  in  classification;  a  portion  of  a 
  tribe  or  of  a  class;  or  in  some  recent  authorities, 
  equivalent  to  a  subkingdom. 
 
  {Cell  division}  (Biol.),  a  method  of  cell  increase,  in  which 
  new  cells  are  formed  by  the  division  of  the  parent  cell. 
  In  this  process,  the  cell  nucleus  undergoes  peculiar 
  differentiations  and  changes,  as  shown  in  the  figure  (see 
  also  {Karyokinesis}).  At  the  same  time  the  protoplasm  of 
  the  cell  becomes  gradually  constricted  by  a  furrow 
  transverse  to  the  long  axis  of  the  nuclear  spindle, 
  followed,  on  the  completion  of  the  division  of  the 
  nucleus,  by  a  separation  of  the  cell  contents  into  two 
  masses,  called  the  daughter  cells. 
 
  {Long  division}  (Math.),  the  process  of  division  when  the 
  operations  are  mostly  written  down 
 
  {Short  division}  (Math.),  the  process  of  division  when  the 
  operations  are  mentally  performed  and  only  the  results 
  written  down  --  used  principally  when  the  divisor  is  not 
  greater  than  ten  or  twelve. 
 
  Syn:  compartment;  section;  share;  allotment;  distribution; 
  separation;  partition;  disjunction;  disconnection; 
  difference;  variance;  discord;  disunion. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Compound  \Com"pound\,  a.  [OE.  compouned,  p.  p.  of  compounen  See 
  {Compound},  v.  t.] 
  Composed  of  two  or  more  elements,  ingredients,  parts 
  produced  by  the  union  of  several  ingredients,  parts  or 
  things  composite;  as  a  compound  word 
 
  Compound  substances  are  made  up  of  two  or  more  simple 
  substances.  --I.  Watts. 
 
  {Compound  addition},  {subtraction},  {multiplication}, 
  {division}  (Arith.),  the  addition,  subtraction,  etc.,  of 
  compound  numbers. 
 
  {Compound  crystal}  (Crystallog.),  a  twin  crystal,  or  one 
  seeming  to  be  made  up  of  two  or  more  crystals  combined 
  according  to  regular  laws  of  composition. 
 
  {Compound  engine}  (Mech.),  a  form  of  steam  engine  in  which 
  the  steam  that  has  been  used  in  a  high-pressure  cylinder 
  is  made  to  do  further  service  in  a  larger  low-pressure 
  cylinder,  sometimes  in  several  larger  cylinders, 
  successively. 
 
  {Compound  ether}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Ether}. 
 
  {Compound  flower}  (Bot.),  a  flower  head  resembling  a  single 
  flower,  but  really  composed  of  several  florets  inclosed  in 
  a  common  calyxlike  involucre,  as  the  sunflower  or 
  dandelion. 
 
  {Compound  fraction}.  (Math.)  See  {Fraction}. 
 
  {Compound  fracture}.  See  {Fracture}. 
 
  {Compound  householder},  a  householder  who  compounds  or 
  arranges  with  his  landlord  that  his  rates  shall  be 
  included  in  his  rents.  [Eng.] 
 
  {Compound  interest}.  See  {Interest}. 
 
  {Compound  larceny}.  (Law)  See  {Larceny}. 
 
  {Compound  leaf}  (Bot.),  a  leaf  having  two  or  more  separate 
  blades  or  leaflets  on  a  common  leafstalk. 
 
  {Compound  microscope}.  See  {Microscope}. 
 
  {Compound  motion}.  See  {Motion}. 
 
  {Compound  number}  (Math.),  one  constructed  according  to  a 
  varying  scale  of  denomination;  as  3  cwt.,  1  qr.,  5  lb.; 
  --  called  also  {denominate  number}. 
 
  {Compound  pier}  (Arch.),  a  clustered  column. 
 
  {Compound  quantity}  (Alg.),  a  quantity  composed  of  two  or 
  more  simple  quantities  or  terms,  connected  by  the  sign  + 
  (plus)  or  -  (minus).  Thus  a  +  b  -  c,  and  bb  -  b,  are 
  compound  quantities. 
 
  {Compound  radical}.  (Chem.)  See  {Radical}. 
 
  {Compound  ratio}  (Math.),  the  product  of  two  or  more  ratios; 
  thus  ab:cd  is  a  ratio  compounded  of  the  simple  ratios  a:c 
  and  b:d. 
 
  {Compound  rest}  (Mech.),  the  tool  carriage  of  an  engine 
  lathe. 
 
  {Compound  screw}  (Mech.),  a  screw  having  on  the  same  axis  two 
  or  more  screws  with  different  pitch  (a  differential 
  screw),  or  running  in  different  directions  (a  right  and 
  left  screw). 
 
  {Compound  time}  (Mus.),  that  in  which  two  or  more  simple 
  measures  are  combined  in  one  as  6-8  time  is  the  joining 
  of  two  measures  of  3-8  time. 
 
  {Compound  word},  a  word  composed  of  two  or  more  words 
  specifically,  two  or  more  words  joined  together  by  a 
  hyphen. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  division 
  n  1:  an  army  unit  large  enough  to  sustain  combat;  "two  infantry 
  divisions  were  held  in  reserve" 
  2:  one  of  the  portions  into  which  something  is  regarded  as 
  divided  and  which  together  constitute  a  whole:  "the 
  written  part  of  the  exam";  "the  finance  section  of  the 
  company";  "the  BBC's  engineering  division"  [syn:  {part},  {section}] 
  3:  the  act  or  process  of  dividing  or  splitting 
  4:  an  administrative  unit  in  government  or  business 
  5:  discord  that  splits  a  group  [syn:  {variance}] 
  6:  a  league  ranked  by  quality;  "he  played  baseball  in  class  D 
  for  two  years";  "Princeton  is  in  the  NCAA  Division  1-AA" 
  [syn:  {class}] 
  7:  (biology)  a  group  of  organisms  forming  a  subdivision  of  a 
  larger  category 
  8:  (botany)  taxonomic  unit  of  plants  corresponding  to  a  phylum 
  9:  a  unit  of  the  US  air  force  usually  comprising  two  or  more 
  wings 
  10:  a  group  of  ships  of  similar  type 
  11:  an  arithmetic  operation  that  is  the  inverse  of 
  multiplication;  the  quotient  of  two  numbers  is  computed 
  12:  separation  by  the  creation  of  a  boundary  that  divides  or 
  keeps  apart  [syn:  {partition},  {partitioning},  {segmentation}, 
  {subdivision},  {sectionalization}] 




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