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djibouti

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djibouti


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Djibouti 
  n  1:  the  capital  and  largest  city  of  Djibouti  [syn:  {Djibouti},  {capital 
  of  Djibouti}] 
  2:  a  country  in  eastern  Africa  on  the  Gulf  of  Aden;  formerly 
  under  French  control  [syn:  {Djibouti},  {Afars  and  Issas}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Djibouti 
 
  Djibouti:Geography 
 
  Location:  Eastern  Africa,  bordering  the  Gulf  of  Aden  and  the  Red  Sea, 
  between  Eritrea  and  Somalia 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  22,000  sq  km 
  land  area:  21,980  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Massachusetts 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  508  km  Eritrea  113  km  Ethiopia  337  km 
  Somalia  58  km 
 
  Coastline:  314  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  contiguous  zone:  24  nm 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  desert;  torrid,  dry 
 
  Terrain:  coastal  plain  and  plateau  separated  by  central  mountains 
 
  Natural  resources:  geothermal  areas 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  0% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  9% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0% 
  other:  91% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  inadequate  supplies  of  potable  water;  desertification 
  natural  hazards:  earthquakes;  droughts;  occasional  cyclonic 
  disturbances  from  the  Indian  Ocean  bring  heavy  rains  and  flash  floods 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Endangered  Species, 
  Law  of  the  Sea,  Ship  Pollution;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Climate 
  Change,  Desertification 
 
  Note:  strategic  location  near  world's  busiest  shipping  lanes  and  close 
  to  Arabian  oilfields;  terminus  of  rail  traffic  into  Ethiopia;  a  vast 
  wasteland 
 
  Djibouti:People 
 
  Population:  421,320  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  43%  (female  90,070;  male  90,631) 
  15-64  years:  55%  (female  108,824;  male  121,715) 
  65  years  and  over:  2%  (female  4,900;  male  5,180)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.48%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  42.79  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  15.51  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -12.46  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  108.8  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  49.7  years 
  male:  47.83  years 
  female:  51.62  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  6.15  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Djiboutian(s) 
  adjective:  Djiboutian 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Somali  60%,  Afar  35%,  French,  Arab,  Ethiopian,  and 
  Italian  5% 
 
  Religions:  Muslim  94%,  Christian  6% 
 
  Languages:  French  (official),  Arabic  (official),  Somali,  Afar 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990) 
  total  population:  48% 
  male:  63% 
  female:  34% 
 
  Djibouti:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Djibouti 
  conventional  short  form:  Djibouti 
  former:  French  Territory  of  the  Afars  and  Issas  French  Somaliland 
 
  Digraph:  DJ 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Djibouti 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  5  districts  (cercles,  singular  -  cercle); 
  'Ali  Sabih,  Dikhil  Djibouti,  Obock,  Tadjoura 
 
  Independence:  27  June  1977  (from  France) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  27  June  (1977) 
 
  Constitution:  multiparty  constitution  approved  in  referendum  4 
  September  1992 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  French  civil  law  system,  traditional  practices, 
  and  Islamic  law 
 
  Suffrage:  universal  adult  at  age  NA 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  HASSAN  GOULED  Aptidon  (since  24  June  1977); 
  election  last  held  7  May  1993  (next  to  be  held  NA  1999);  results  - 
  President  Hassan  GOULED  Aptidon  was  reelected 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  BARKAT  Gourad  Hamadou  (since  30 
  September  1978) 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  responsible  to  the  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Chamber  of  Deputies  (Chambre  des  Deputes):  elections  last  held  18 
  December  1992;  results  -  RPP  (the  ruling  party)  dominated;  seats  -  (65 
  total)  RPP  65 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  (Cour  Supreme) 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders: 
  ruling  party:  People's  Progress  Assembly  (RPP),  Hassan  GOULED  Aptidon 
  other  parties:  Democratic  Renewal  Party  (PRD),  Mohamed  Jama  ELABE; 
  Democratic  National  Party  (PND),  ADEN  Robleh  Awaleh 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Front  for  the  Restoration  of  Unity 
  and  Democracy  (FRUD)  and  affiliates;  Movement  for  Unity  and  Democracy 
  (MUD) 
 
  Member  of:  ACCT,  ACP,  AfDB  AFESD  AL  ECA,  FAO,  G-77,  IBRD,  ICAO, 
  ICRM,  IDA,  IDB,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  IGADD,  ILO,  IMF,  IMO,  INTELSAT 
  (nonsignatory  user),  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  NAM,  OAU,  OIC,  UN  UNCTAD 
  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WFTU  WHO  WMO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Roble  OLHAYE 
  chancery:  Suite  515,  1156  15th  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  20005 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  331-0270 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  331-0302 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Martin  L.  CHESHES 
  embassy:  Plateau  du  Serpent,  Boulevard  Marechal  Joffre,  Djibouti 
  mailing  address:  B.  P.  185,  Djibouti 
  telephone:  [253]  35  39  95 
  FAX:  [253]  35  39  40 
 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  light  blue  top  and  light  green 
  with  a  white  isosceles  triangle  based  on  the  hoist  side  bearing  a  red 
  five-pointed  star  in  the  center 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  economy  is  based  on  service  activities  connected  with 
  the  country's  strategic  location  and  status  as  a  free  trade  zone  in 
  northeast  Africa.  Two-thirds  of  the  inhabitants  live  in  the  capital 
  city,  the  remainder  being  mostly  nomadic  herders.  Scanty  rainfall 
  limits  crop  production  to  fruits  and  vegetables,  and  most  food  must  be 
  imported.  Djibouti  provides  services  as  both  a  transit  port  for  the 
  region  and  an  international  transshipment  and  refueling  center.  It  has 
  few  natural  resources  and  little  industry.  The  nation  is  therefore, 
  heavily  dependent  on  foreign  assistance  (an  important  supplement  to 
  GDP)  to  help  support  its  balance  of  payments  and  to  finance 
  development  projects.  An  unemployment  rate  of  over  30%  continues  to  be 
  a  major  problem.  Per  capita  consumption  dropped  an  estimated  35%  over 
  the  last  six  years  because  of  recession,  civil  war,  and  a  high 
  population  growth  rate  (including  immigrants  and  refugees). 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $500  million  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  -3%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $1,200  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  6%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  over  30%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $164  million 
  expenditures:  $201  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $16 
  million  (1993  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $184  million  (f.o.b.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  hides  and  skins,  coffee  (in  transit) 
  partners:  Somalia  48%,  Yemen  42% 
 
  Imports:  $384  million  (f.o.b.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  foods,  beverages,  transport  equipment,  chemicals, 
  petroleum  products 
  partners:  France,  UK  Saudi  Arabia,  Bahrain,  South  Korea 
 
  External  debt:  $227  million  (1993  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  3%  (1991  est.);  accounts  for  14%  of 
  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  90,000  kW 
  production:  170  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  398  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  limited  to  a  few  small-scale  enterprises,  such  as  dairy 
  products  and  mineral-water  bottling 
 
  Agriculture:  mostly  fruit  and  vegetables;  herding  of  goats,  sheep,  and 
  camels 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY78-89),  $39  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  including  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral 
  commitments  (1970-89),  $1.1  billion;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89), 
  $149  million;  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $35  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Djiboutian  franc  DF  =  100  centimes 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Djiboutian  francs  DF  per  US$1  -  177.721  (fixed  rate 
  since  1973) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Djibouti:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  97  km  (Djibouti  segment  of  the  Addis  Ababa-Djibouti  railroad) 
  narrow  gauge:  97  km  1.000-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  2,900  km 
  paved:  280  km 
  unpaved:  improved,  unimproved  earth  2,620  km  (1982) 
 
  Ports:  Djibouti 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  1  cargo  ship  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  1,369  GRT/3,030  DWT 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  13 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  3 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  6 
 
  Djibouti:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  NA  telephones;  telephone  facilities  in  the  city  of 
  Djibouti  are  adequate  as  are  the  microwave  radio  relay  connections  to 
  outlying  areas  of  the  country 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay  network 
  international:  international  connections  via  submarine  cable  to  Saudi 
  Arabia  and  by  satellite  link  to  other  countries;  1  INTELSAT  (Indian 
  Ocean)  and  1  ARABSAT  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  2,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  1 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Djibouti:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Djibouti  National  Army  (includes  Navy  and  Air  Force), 
  National  Security  Force  (Force  Nationale  de  Securite),  National  Police 
  Force 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  101,385;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  59,337  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $26  million,  NA%  of 
  GDP  (1989) 
 
 
 




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