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down

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down


  11  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  adv  [For  older  adown,  AS  ad?n,  ad?ne,  prop.,  from 
  or  off  the  hill.  See  3d  {Down},  and  cf  {Adown},  and  cf 
  {Adown}.] 
  1.  In  the  direction  of  gravity  or  toward  the  center  of  the 
  earth;  toward  or  in  a  lower  place  or  position;  below;  -- 
  the  opposite  of  up 
 
  2.  Hence  in  many  derived  uses,  as: 
  a  From  a  higher  to  a  lower  position,  literally  or 
  figuratively;  in  a  descending  direction;  from  the  top 
  of  an  ascent;  from  an  upright  position;  to  the  ground 
  or  floor;  to  or  into  a  lower  or  an  inferior  condition; 
  as  into  a  state  of  humility,  disgrace,  misery,  and 
  the  like  into  a  state  of  rest;  --  used  with  verbs 
  indicating  motion. 
 
  It  will  be  rain  to-night.  Let  it  come  down 
  --Shak. 
 
  I  sit  me  down  beside  the  hazel  grove. 
  --Tennyson. 
 
  And  that  drags  down  his  life.  --Tennyson. 
 
  There  is  not  a  more  melancholy  object  in  the 
  learned  world  than  a  man  who  has  written  himself 
  down  --Addison. 
 
  The  French  .  .  .  shone  down  [i.  e.,  outshone] 
  the  English.  --Shak. 
  b  In  a  low  or  the  lowest  position,  literally  or 
  figuratively;  at  the  bottom  of  a  decent;  below  the 
  horizon;  of  the  ground;  in  a  condition  of  humility, 
  dejection,  misery,  and  the  like  in  a  state  of  quiet. 
 
  I  was  down  and  out  of  breath.  --Shak. 
 
  The  moon  is  down  I  have  not  heard  the  clock. 
  --Shak. 
 
  He  that  is  down  needs  fear  no  fall.  --Bunyan. 
 
  3.  From  a  remoter  or  higher  antiquity. 
 
  Venerable  men!  you  have  come  down  to  us  from  a 
  former  generation.  --D.  Webster. 
 
  4.  From  a  greater  to  a  less  bulk,  or  from  a  thinner  to  a 
  thicker  consistence;  as  to  boil  down  in  cookery,  or  in 
  making  decoctions.  --Arbuthnot. 
 
  Note:  Down  is  sometimes  used  elliptically,  standing  for  go 
  down  come  down  tear  down  take  down  put  down  haul 
  down  pay  down  and  the  like  especially  in  command  or 
  exclamation. 
 
  Down  therefore,  and  beg  mercy  of  the  duke. 
  --Shak. 
 
  If  he  be  hungry  more  than  wanton,  bread  alone 
  will  down  --Locke. 
  Down  is  also  used  intensively;  as  to  be  loaded  down 
  to  fall  down  to  hang  down  to  drop  down  to  pay  down 
 
  The  temple  of  Her[`e]  at  Argos  was  burnt  down 
  --Jowett 
  (Thucyd.  ). 
  Down  as  well  as  up  is  sometimes  used  in  a 
  conventional  sense  as  down  East. 
 
  Persons  in  London  say  down  to  Scotland,  etc.,  and 
  those  in  the  provinces,  up  to  London. 
  --Stormonth. 
 
  {Down  helm}  (Naut.),  an  order  to  the  helmsman  to  put  the  helm 
  to  leeward. 
 
  {Down  on}  or  {upon}  (joined  with  a  verb  indicating  motion,  as 
  go  come  pounce),  to  attack,  implying  the  idea  of 
  threatening  power. 
 
  Come  down  upon  us  with  a  mighty  power.  --Shak. 
 
  {Down  with},  take  down  throw  down  put  down  --  used  in 
  energetic  command.  ``Down  with  the  palace;  fire  it.'' 
  --Dryden. 
 
  {To  be  down  on},  to  dislike  and  treat  harshly.  [Slang,  U.S.] 
 
 
  {To  cry  down}.  See  under  {Cry},  v.  t. 
 
  {To  cut  down}.  See  under  {Cut},  v.  t. 
 
  {Up  and  down},  with  rising  and  falling  motion;  to  and  fro; 
  hither  and  thither;  everywhere.  ``Let  them  wander  up  and 
  down.''  --Ps.  lix.  15. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  v.  t. 
  To  cover,  ornament,  line  or  stuff  with  down  [R.]  --Young. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  n.  [OE.  dun,  doun,  AS  d?n;  of  Celtic  origin;  cf 
  Ir  d?n  hill,  fortified  hill,  Gael.  dun  heap,  hillock,  hill, 
  W.  din  a  fortified  hill  or  mount;  akin  to  E.  town.  See 
  {Town},  and  cf  {Down},  adv  &  prep.,  {Dune}.] 
  1.  A  bank  or  rounded  hillock  of  sand  thrown  up  by  the  wind 
  along  or  near  the  shore;  a  flattish-topped  hill;  -- 
  usually  in  the  plural. 
 
  Hills  afford  prospects,  as  they  must  needs 
  acknowledge  who  have  been  on  the  downs  of  Sussex. 
  --Ray. 
 
  She  went  by  dale,  and  she  went  by  down  --Tennyson. 
 
  2.  A  tract  of  poor,  sandy,  undulating  or  hilly  land  near  the 
  sea,  covered  with  fine  turf  which  serves  chiefly  for  the 
  grazing  of  sheep;  --  usually  in  the  plural.  [Eng.] 
 
  Seven  thousand  broad-tailed  sheep  grazed  on  his 
  downs.  --Sandys. 
 
  3.  pl  A  road  for  shipping  in  the  English  Channel  or  Straits 
  of  Dover,  near  Deal  employed  as  a  naval  rendezvous  in 
  time  of  war. 
 
  On  the  11th  [June,  1771]  we  run  up  the  channel  .  .  . 
  at  noon  we  were  abreast  of  Dover,  and  about  three 
  came  to  an  anchor  in  the  Downs,  and  went  ashore  at 
  Deal  --Cook  (First 
  Voyage). 
 
  4.  pl  [From  the  adverb.]  A  state  of  depression;  low  state; 
  abasement.  [Colloq.] 
 
  It  the  downs  of  life  too  much  outnumber  the  ups. 
  --M.  Arnold. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  prep.  [From  {Down},  adv.] 
  1.  In  a  descending  direction  along  from  a  higher  to  a  lower 
  place  upon  or  within;  at  a  lower  place  in  or  on  as  down 
  a  hill;  down  a  well 
 
  2.  Hence:  Towards  the  mouth  of  a  river;  towards  the  sea;  as 
  to  sail  or  swim  down  a  stream;  to  sail  down  the  sound. 
 
  {Down  the  country},  toward  the  sea,  or  toward  the  part  where 
  rivers  discharge  their  waters  into  the  ocean. 
 
  {Down  the  sound},  in  the  direction  of  the  ebbing  tide;  toward 
  the  sea. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Downed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Downing}.] 
  To  cause  to  go  down  to  make  descend;  to  put  down  to 
  overthrow,  as  in  wrestling;  hence  to  subdue;  to  bring  down 
  [Archaic  or  Colloq.]  ``To  down  proud  hearts.''  --Sir  P. 
  Sidney. 
 
  I  remember  how  you  downed  Beauclerk  and  Hamilton,  the 
  wits,  once  at  our  house.  --Madame 
  D'Arblay. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  v.  i. 
  To  go  down  to  descend.  --Locke. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  a. 
  1.  Downcast;  as  a  down  look  [R.] 
 
  2.  Downright;  absolute;  positive;  as  a  down  denial.  [Obs.] 
  --Beau.  &  Fl 
 
  3.  Downward;  going  down  sloping;  as  a  down  stroke;  a  down 
  grade;  a  down  train  on  a  railway. 
 
  {Down  draught},  a  downward  draft,  as  in  a  flue,  chimney, 
  shaft  of  a  mine,  etc 
 
  {Down  in  the  mouth},  chopfallen;  dejected. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Down  \Down\,  n.  [Akin  to  LG  dune,  dun,  Icel.  d?nn,  Sw  dun, 
  Dan.  duun,  G.  daune,  cf  D.  dons;  perh.  akin  to  E.  dust.] 
  1.  Fine,  soft,  hairy  outgrowth  from  the  skin  or  surface  of 
  animals  or  plants,  not  matted  and  fleecy  like  wool;  esp.: 
  a  (Zo["o]l.)  The  soft  under  feathers  of  birds.  They  have 
  short  stems  with  soft  rachis  and  bards  and  long 
  threadlike  barbules,  without  hooklets. 
  b  (Bot.)  The  pubescence  of  plants;  the  hairy  crown  or 
  envelope  of  the  seeds  of  certain  plants,  as  of  the 
  thistle. 
  c  The  soft  hair  of  the  face  when  beginning  to  appear. 
 
  And  the  first  down  begins  to  shade  his  face. 
  --Dryden. 
 
  2.  That  which  is  made  of  down  as  a  bed  or  pillow;  that  which 
  affords  ease  and  repose,  like  a  bed  of  down 
 
  When  in  the  down  I  sink  my  head,  Sleep,  Death's  twin 
  brother,  times  my  breath.  --Tennyson. 
 
  Thou  bosom  softness,  down  of  all  my  cares! 
  --Southern. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  down 
  adj  1:  being  or  moving  lower  in  position  or  less  in  some  value; 
  "lay  face  down";  "the  moon  is  down";  "our  team  is  down 
  by  a  run";  "down  by  a  pawn";  "the  stock  market  is  down 
  today"  [ant:  {up}] 
  2:  becoming  progressively  lower;  "steadily  declining  incomes"; 
  "the  down  trend  in  the  real  estate  market"  [syn:  {declining}, 
  {down(a)}] 
  3:  understood  perfectly;  "had  his  algebra  problems  down"  [syn: 
  {down  pat(p)},  {mastered}] 
  4:  extending  or  moving  from  a  higher  to  a  lower  place  "the 
  down  staircase";  "the  downward  course  of  the  stream"  [syn: 
  {down(a)},  {downward(a)}] 
  5:  out  "two  down  in  the  last  of  the  ninth"  [syn:  {down(p)}] 
  6:  lower  than  previously;  "the  market  is  depressed";  "prices 
  are  down"  [syn:  {depressed},  {down(p)}] 
  7:  shut;  "the  shades  were  down" 
  8:  (used  of  computers)  temporarily  not  operating;  "can't  do  a 
  thing  because  the  computers  are  down"  [syn:  {down(p)}] 
  9:  cut  down  "the  tree  is  down"  [syn:  {cut},  {cut  down}] 
  10:  not  functioning;  "we  can't  work  because  the  computer  is 
  down" 
  11:  low  in  spirits;  "lonely  and  blue  in  a  strange  city"; 
  "depressed  by  the  loss  of  his  job";  "a  dispirited  and 
  resigned  expression  on  her  face";  "downcast  after  his 
  defeat";  "feeling  discouraged  and  downhearted"  [syn:  {blue}, 
  {depressed},  {dispirited},  {down(p)},  {downcast},  {downhearted}, 
  {low},  {low-spirited}] 
  12:  the  fractional  price  paid  in  cash  at  time  of  purchase;  "the 
  down  payment";  "a  payment  of  $200  down" 
  n  1:  soft  fine  feathers 
  2:  a  complete  play  to  advance  the  football;  "you  have  4  downs 
  to  gain  10  yards" 
  3:  (usually  plural)  a  rolling  treeless  highland  with  little 
  soil 
  adv  1:  spatially  or  metaphorically  from  a  higher  to  a  lower  level 
  or  position;  "don't  fall  down";  "rode  the  lift  up  and 
  skied  down";  "prices  plunged  downward"  [syn:  {downwards}, 
  {downward},  {downwardly}]  [ant:  {up},  {up},  {up},  {up}] 
  2:  away  from  a  more  central  or  a  more  northerly  place  "was 
  sent  down  to  work  at  the  regional  office";  "worked  down  on 
  the  farm";  "came  down  for  the  wedding";  "flew  down  to 
  Flordia"  [ant:  {up}] 
  3:  paid  in  cash  at  time  of  purchase;  "put  ten  dollars  down  on 
  the  necklace" 
  4:  from  an  earlier  time;  "the  story  was  passed  down  from  father 
  to  son" 
  5:  to  a  lower  intensity;  "he  slowly  phased  down  the  light  until 
  the  stage  was  completely  black"  [ant:  {up}] 
  6:  in  an  inactive  or  inoperative  state;  "the  factory  went  down 
  during  the  strike";  "the  computer  went  down  again" 
  v  1:  drink  down  entirely;  "He  downed  three  martinis  before 
  dinner";  "She  killed  a  bottle  of  brandy  that  night" 
  [syn:  {toss  off},  {bolt  down},  {belt  down},  {pour  down}, 
  {drink  down},  {kill}] 
  2:  eat  immoderately;  "Some  people  can  down  a  pound  of  meat  in 
  the  course  of  one  meal"  [syn:  {devour},  {consume},  {go 
  through}] 
  3:  bring  down  or  defeat,  in  sports 
  4:  shoot  at  and  force  to  come  down  of  aircraft  [syn:  {shoot 
  down},  {land}] 
  5:  cause  to  come  or  go  down  "The  policeman  downed  the  heavily 
  armed  suspect"  [syn:  {knock  down},  {cut  down},  {push  down}, 
  {pull  down}] 
  6:  improve  or  perfect  by  pruning  or  polishing;  "refine  one's 
  style  of  writing"  [syn:  {polish},  {refine},  {fine-tune}] 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  down  1.  adj  Not  operating.  "The  up  escalator  is  down"  is 
  considered  a  humorous  thing  to  say  (unless  of  course  you  were  expecting 
  to  use  it),  and  "The  elevator  is  down"  always  means  "The  elevator  isn't 
  working"  and  never  refers  to  what  floor  the  elevator  is  on  With  respect 
  to  computers,  this  term  has  passed  into  the  mainstream;  the  extension 
  to  other  kinds  of  machine  is  still  confined  to  techies  (e.g.  boiler 
  mechanics  may  speak  of  a  boiler  being  down).  2.  `go  down'  vi  To  stop 
  functioning;  usually  said  of  the  {system}.  The  message  from  the  {console} 
  that  every  hacker  hates  to  hear  from  the  operator  is  "System  going  down 
  in  5  minutes".  3.  `take  down',  `bring  down'  vt  To  deactivate  purposely, 
  usually  for  repair  work  or  {PM}.  "I'm  taking  the  system  down  to  work 
  on  that  bug  in  the  tape  drive."  Occasionally  one  hears  the  word  `down' 
  by  itself  used  as  a  verb  in  this  vt  sense  See  {crash};  oppose  {up}. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  down 
 
  1.  Not  operating.  "The  up  escalator  is  down"  is  considered  a 
  humorous  thing  to  say  and  "The  elevator  is  down"  always 
  means  "The  elevator  isn't  working"  and  never  refers  to  what 
  floor  the  elevator  is  on  With  respect  to  computers,  this 
  term  has  passed  into  the  mainstream;  the  extension  to  other 
  kinds  of  machine  is  still  hackish. 
 
  2.  "go  down"  To  stop  functioning;  usually  said  of  the 
  {system}.  The  message  from  the  {console}  that  every  hacker 
  hates  to  hear  from  the  operator  is  "System  going  down  in  5 
  minutes". 
 
  3.  "take  down",  "bring  down"  To  deactivate  purposely,  usually 
  for  repair  work  or  {PM}.  "I'm  taking  the  system  down  to  work 
  on  that  bug  in  the  tape  drive."  Occasionally  one  hears  the 
  word  down"  by  itself  used  as  a  verb  in  this  sense 
 
  See  {crash};  opposite:  {up}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
  (1994-12-07) 
 
 




more about down