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draff


draff


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Draff  \Draff\,  n.  [Cf.  D.  draf  the  sediment  of  ale,  Icel.  draf 
  draff,  husks.  Cf  1st  {Drab}.] 
  Refuse;  lees;  dregs;  the  wash  given  to  swine  or  cows; 
  hogwash;  waste  matter. 
 
  Prodigals  lately  come  from  swine  keeping,  from  eating 
  draff  and  husks.  --  Shak. 
 
  The  draff  and  offal  of  a  bygone  age.  --  Buckle. 
 
  Mere  chaff  and  draff,  much  better  burnt.  --  Tennyson. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Draff  \Draff\,  n.  [The  same  word  as  draught.  OE  draught,  draht, 
  fr  AS  dragan  to  draw.  See  {Draw},  and  cf  {Draught}.] 
  1.  The  act  of  drawing;  also  the  thing  drawn.  Same  as 
  {Draught}. 
 
  Everything  available  for  draft  burden.  --  S.  G. 
  Goodrich. 
 
  2.  (Mil.)  A  selecting  or  detaching  of  soldiers  from  an  army, 
  or  from  any  part  of  it  or  from  a  military  post  also  from 
  any  district,  or  any  company  or  collection  of  persons,  or 
  from  the  people  at  large  also  the  body  of  men  thus 
  drafted. 
 
  Several  of  the  States  had  supplied  the  deficiency  by 
  drafts  to  serve  for  the  year.  --Marshall. 
 
  3.  An  order  from  one  person  or  party  to  another,  directing 
  the  payment  of  money;  a  bill  of  exchange. 
 
  I  thought  it  most  prudent  to  deter  the  drafts  till 
  advice  was  received  of  the  progress  of  the  loan.  -- 
  A.  Hamilton. 
 
  4.  An  allowance  or  deduction  made  from  the  gross  veight  of 
  goods.  --  Simmonds 
 
  5.  A  drawing  of  lines  for  a  plan  a  plan  delineated,  or  drawn 
  in  outline;  a  delineation.  See  {Draught}. 
 
  6.  The  form  of  any  writing  as  first  drawn  up  the  first  rough 
  sketch  of  written  composition,  to  be  filled  in  or 
  completed.  See  {Draught}. 
 
  7.  (Masonry) 
  a  A  narrow  border  left  on  a  finished  stone,  worked 
  differently  from  the  rest  of  its  face. 
  b  A  narrow  border  worked  to  a  plane  surface  along  the 
  edge  of  a  stone,  or  across  its  face,  as  a  guide  to  the 
  stone-cutter. 
 
  8.  (Milling)  The  slant  given  to  the  furrows  in  the  dress  of  a 
  millstone. 
 
  9.  (Naut.)  Depth  of  water  necessary  to  float  a  ship.  See 
  {Draught}. 
 
  10.  A  current  of  air.  Same  as  {Draught}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  n.  [F.  grain,  L.  granum  grain,  seed,  small 
  kernel,  small  particle.  See  {Corn},  and  cf  {Garner},  n., 
  {Garnet},  {Gram}  the  chick-pea,  {Granule},  {Kernel.}] 
  1.  A  single  small  hard  seed;  a  kernel,  especially  of  those 
  plants,  like  wheat,  whose  seeds  are  used  for  food. 
 
  2.  The  fruit  of  certain  grasses  which  furnish  the  chief  food 
  of  man,  as  corn,  wheat,  rye,  oats,  etc.,  or  the  plants 
  themselves;  --  used  collectively. 
 
  Storehouses  crammed  with  grain.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Any  small  hard  particle,  as  of  sand,  sugar,  salt,  etc.; 
  hence  any  minute  portion  or  particle;  as  a  grain  of 
  gunpowder,  of  pollen,  of  starch,  of  sense  of  wit,  etc 
 
  I  .  .  .  with  a  grain  of  manhood  well  resolved. 
  --Milton. 
 
  4.  The  unit  of  the  English  system  of  weights;  --  so  called 
  because  considered  equal  to  the  average  of  grains  taken 
  from  the  middle  of  the  ears  of  wheat.  7,000  grains 
  constitute  the  pound  avoirdupois,  and  5,760  grains  the 
  pound  troy.  A  grain  is  equal  to  .0648  gram.  See  {Gram.} 
 
  5.  A  reddish  dye  made  from  the  coccus  insect,  or  kermes; 
  hence  a  red  color  of  any  tint  or  hue,  as  crimson, 
  scarlet,  etc.;  sometimes  used  by  the  poets  as  equivalent 
  to  {Tyrian  purple}. 
 
  All  in  a  robe  of  darkest  grain.  --Milton. 
 
  Doing  as  the  dyers  do  who  having  first  dipped 
  their  silks  in  colors  of  less  value,  then  give'  them 
  the  last  tincture  of  crimson  in  grain.  --Quoted  by 
  Coleridge, 
  preface  to 
  Aids  to 
  Reflection. 
 
  6.  The  composite  particles  of  any  substance;  that  arrangement 
  of  the  particles  of  any  body  which  determines  its 
  comparative  roughness  or  hardness;  texture;  as  marble, 
  sugar,  sandstone,  etc.,  of  fine  grain. 
 
  Hard  box,  and  linden  of  a  softer  grain.  --Dryden. 
 
  7.  The  direction,  arrangement,  or  appearance  of  the  fibers  in 
  wood,  or  of  the  strata  in  stone,  slate,  etc 
 
  Knots,  by  the  conflux  of  meeting  sap,  Infect  the 
  sound  pine  and  divert  his  grain  Tortive  and  errant 
  from  his  course  of  growth.  --Shak. 
 
  8.  The  fiber  which  forms  the  substance  of  wood  or  of  any 
  fibrous  material. 
 
  9.  The  hair  side  of  a  piece  of  leather,  or  the  marking  on 
  that  side  --Knight. 
 
  10.  pl  The  remains  of  grain,  etc.,  after  brewing  or 
  distillation;  hence  any  residuum.  Also  called  {draff.} 
 
  11.  (Bot.)  A  rounded  prominence  on  the  back  of  a  sepal,  as  in 
  the  common  dock.  See  {Grained},  a.,  4. 
 
  12.  Temper;  natural  disposition;  inclination.  [Obs.] 
 
  Brothers  .  .  .  not  united  in  grain.  --Hayward. 
 
  13.  A  sort  of  spice,  the  grain  of  paradise.  [Obs.] 
 
  He  cheweth  grain  and  licorice,  To  smellen  sweet. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  {Against  the  grain},  against  or  across  the  direction  of  the 
  fibers;  hence  against  one's  wishes  or  tastes; 
  unwillingly;  unpleasantly;  reluctantly;  with  difficulty. 
  --Swift.--Saintsbury. 
 
  {A  grain  of  allowance},  a  slight  indulgence  or  latitude  a 
  small  allowance. 
 
  {Grain  binder},  an  attachment  to  a  harvester  for  binding  the 
  grain  into  sheaves. 
 
  {Grain  colors},  dyes  made  from  the  coccus  or  kermes  in  sect. 
 
 
  {Grain  leather}. 
  a  Dressed  horse  hides. 
  b  Goat,  seal,  and  other  skins  blacked  on  the  grain  side 
  for  women's  shoes,  etc 
 
  {Grain  moth}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  several  small  moths,  of  the 
  family  {Tineid[ae]}  (as  {Tinea  granella}  and  {Butalis 
  cerealella}),  whose  larv[ae]  devour  grain  in  storehouses. 
 
 
  {Grain  side}  (Leather),  the  side  of  a  skin  or  hide  from  which 
  the  hair  has  been  removed;  --  opposed  to  {flesh  side.} 
 
  {Grains  of  paradise},  the  seeds  of  a  species  of  amomum. 
 
  {grain  tin},  crystalline  tin  ore  metallic  tin  smelted  with 
  charcoal. 
 
  {Grain  weevil}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  red  weevil  (Sitophilus 
  granarius),  which  destroys  stored  wheat  and  othar  grain, 
  by  eating  out  the  interior. 
 
  {Grain  worm}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  the  grain  moth.  See 
  {grain  moth},  above. 
 
  {In  grain},  of  a  fast  color;  deeply  seated;  fixed;  innate; 
  genuine.  ``Anguish  in  grain.''  --Herbert. 
 
  {To  dye  in  grain},  to  dye  of  a  fast  color  by  means  of  the 
  coccus  or  kermes  grain  [see  {Grain},  n.,  5];  hence  to  dye 
  firmly;  also  to  dye  in  the  wool,  or  in  the  raw  material. 
  See  under  {Dye.} 
 
  The  red  roses  flush  up  in  her  cheeks  .  .  .  Likce 
  crimson  dyed  in  grain.  --Spenser. 
 
  {To  go  against  the  grain  of}  (a  person),  to  be  repugnant  to 
  to  vex,  irritate,  mortify,  or  trouble.