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dwellings

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dwellings


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Dwellings 
  The  materials  used  in  buildings  were  commonly  bricks,  sometimes 
  also  stones  (Lev.  14:40,  42),  which  were  held  together  by  cement 
  (Jer.  43:9)  or  bitumen  (Gen.  11:3).  The  exterior  was  usually 
  whitewashed  (Lev.  14:41;  Ezek.  13:10;  Matt.  23:27).  The  beams 
  were  of  sycamore  (Isa.  9:10),  or  olive-wood,  or  cedar  (1  Kings 
  7:2;  Isa.  9:10). 
 
  The  form  of  Eastern  dwellings  differed  in  many  respects  from 
  that  of  dwellings  in  Western  lands.  The  larger  houses  were  built 
  in  a  quadrangle  enclosing  a  court-yard  (Luke  5:19;  2  Sam.  17:18; 
  Neh.  8:16)  surrounded  by  galleries,  which  formed  the 
  guest-chamber  or  reception-room  for  visitors.  The  flat  roof, 
  surrounded  by  a  low  parapet,  was  used  for  many  domestic  and 
  social  purposes.  It  was  reached  by  steps  from  the  court.  In 
  connection  with  it  (2  Kings  23:12)  was  an  upper  room  used  as  a 
  private  chamber  (2  Sam  18:33;  Dan.  6:11),  also  as  a  bedroom  (2 
  Kings  23:12),  a  sleeping  apartment  for  guests  (2  Kings  4:10), 
  and  as  a  sick-chamber  (1  Kings  17:19).  The  doors,  sometimes  of 
  stone,  swung  on  morticed  pivots,  and  were  generally  fastened  by 
  wooden  bolts.  The  houses  of  the  more  wealthy  had  a  doorkeeper  or 
  a  female  porter  (John  18:16;  Acts  12:13).  The  windows  generally 
  opened  into  the  courtyard,  and  were  closed  by  a  lattice  (Judg. 
  5:28).  The  interior  rooms  were  set  apart  for  the  female  portion 
  of  the  household. 
 
  The  furniture  of  the  room  (2  Kings  4:10)  consisted  of  a  couch 
  furnished  with  pillows  (Amos  6:4;  Ezek.  13:20);  and  besides 
  this  chairs,  a  table  and  lanterns  or  lamp-stands  (2  Kings 
  4:10). 
 




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