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elam


elam


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Elam 
  highland,  the  son  of  Shem  (Gen.  10:22),  and  the  name  of  the 
  country  inhabited  by  his  descendants  (14:1,  9;  Isa.  11:11;  21:2, 
  etc.)  lying  to  the  east  of  Babylonia,  and  extending  to  the  shore 
  of  the  Mediterranean,  a  distance  in  a  direct  line  of  about  1,000 
  miles.  The  name  Elam  is  an  Assyrian  word  meaning  "high." 
 
  "The  inhabitants  of  Elam,  or  'the  Highlands,'  to  the  east  of 
  Babylon,  were  called  Elamites.  They  were  divided  into  several 
  branches,  speaking  different  dialects  of  the  same  agglutinative 
  language.  The  race  to  which  they  belonged  was  brachycephalic,  or 
  short-headed,  like  the  pre-Semitic  Sumerians  of  Babylonia. 
 
  "The  earliest  Elamite  kingdom  seems  to  have  been  that  of 
  Anzan,  the  exact  site  of  which  is  uncertain;  but  in  the  time  of 
  Abraham,  Shushan  or  Susa  appears  to  have  already  become  the 
  capital  of  the  country.  Babylonia  was  frequently  invaded  by  the 
  Elamite  kings,  who  at  times  asserted  their  supremacy  over  it  (as 
  in  the  case  of  Chedorlaomer,  the  Kudur-Lagamar,  or  'servant  of 
  the  goddess  Lagamar,'  of  the  cuneiform  texts). 
 
  "The  later  Assyrian  monarchs  made  several  campaigns  against 
  Elam,  and  finally  Assur-bani-pal  (about  B.C.  650)  succeeded  in 
  conquering  the  country,  which  was  ravaged  with  fire  and  sword. 
  On  the  fall  of  the  Assyrian  Empire,  Elam  passed  into  the  hands 
  of  the  Persians"  (A.H.  Sayce). 
 
  This  country  was  called  by  the  Greeks  Cissia  or  Susiana. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Elam,  a  young  man;  a  virgin;  a  secret