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elisha


elisha


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Elisha 
  God  his  salvation,  the  son  of  Shaphat  of  Abel-meholah,  who 
  became  the  attendant  and  disciple  of  Elijah  (1  Kings  19:16-19). 
  His  name  first  occurs  in  the  command  given  to  Elijah  to  anoint 
  him  as  his  successor  (1  Kings  19:16).  This  was  the  only  one  of 
  the  three  commands  then  given  to  Elijah  which  he  accomplished. 
  On  his  way  from  Sinai  to  Damascus  he  found  Elisha  at  his  native 
  place  engaged  in  the  labours  of  the  field,  ploughing  with  twelve 
  yoke  of  oxen.  He  went  over  to  him  threw  over  his  shoulders  his 
  rough  mantle,  and  at  once  adopted  him  as  a  son,  and  invested  him 
  with  the  prophetical  office  (comp.  Luke  9:61,  62).  Elisha 
  accepted  the  call  thus  given  (about  four  years  before  the  death 
  of  Ahab),  and  for  some  seven  or  eight  years  became  the  close 
  attendant  on  Elijah  till  he  was  parted  from  him  and  taken  up 
  into  heaven.  During  all  these  years  we  hear  nothing  of  Elisha 
  except  in  connection  with  the  closing  scenes  of  Elijah's  life. 
  After  Elijah,  Elisha  was  accepted  as  the  leader  of  the  sons  of 
  the  prophets,  and  became  noted  in  Israel.  He  possessed, 
  according  to  his  own  request,  "a  double  portion"  of  Elijah's 
  spirit  (2  Kings  2:9);  and  for  the  long  period  of  about  sixty 
  years  (B.C.  892-832)  held  the  office  of  "prophet  in  Israel"  (2 
  Kings  5:8). 
 
  After  Elijah's  departure,  Elisha  returned  to  Jericho,  and 
  there  healed  the  spring  of  water  by  casting  salt  into  it  (2 
  Kings  2:21).  We  next  find  him  at  Bethel  (2:23),  where  with  the 
  sternness  of  his  master,  he  cursed  the  youths  who  came  out  and 
  scoffed  at  him  as  a  prophet  of  God:  "Go  up  thou  bald  head."  The 
  judgment  at  once  took  effect,  and  God  terribly  visited  the 
  dishonour  done  to  his  prophet  as  dishonour  done  to  himself.  We 
  next  read  of  his  predicting  a  fall  of  rain  when  the  army  of 
  Jehoram  was  faint  from  thirst  (2  Kings  3:9-20);  of  the 
  multiplying  of  the  poor  widow's  cruse  of  oil  (4:1-7);  the 
  miracle  of  restoring  to  life  the  son  of  the  woman  of  Shunem 
  (4:18-37);  the  multiplication  of  the  twenty  loaves  of  new  barley 
  into  a  sufficient  supply  for  an  hundred  men  (4:42-44);  of  the 
  cure  of  Naaman  the  Syrian  of  his  leprosy  (5:1-27);  of  the 
  punishment  of  Gehazi  for  his  falsehood  and  his  covetousness;  of 
  the  recovery  of  the  axe  lost  in  the  waters  of  the  Jordan 
  (6:1-7);  of  the  miracle  at  Dothan,  half-way  on  the  road  between 
  Samaria  and  Jezreel;  of  the  siege  of  Samaria  by  the  king  of 
  Syria,  and  of  the  terrible  sufferings  of  the  people  in 
  connection  with  it  and  Elisha's  prophecy  as  to  the  relief  that 
  would  come  (2  Kings  6:24-7:2). 
 
  We  then  find  Elisha  at  Damascus,  to  carry  out  the  command 
  given  to  his  master  to  anoint  Hazael  king  over  Syria  (2  Kings 
  8:7-15);  thereafter  he  directs  one  of  the  sons  of  the  prophets 
  to  anoint  Jehu,  the  son  of  Jehoshaphat,  king  of  Israel,  instead 
  of  Ahab.  Thus  the  three  commands  given  to  Elijah  (9:1-10)  were 
  at  length  carried  out 
 
  We  do  not  again  read  of  him  till  we  find  him  on  his  death-bed 
  in  his  own  house  (2  Kings  13:14-19).  Joash,  the  grandson  of 
  Jehu,  comes  to  mourn  over  his  approaching  departure,  and  utters 
  the  same  words  as  those  of  Elisha  when  Elijah  was  taken  away: 
  "My  father,  my  father!  the  chariot  of  Israel,  and  the  horsemen 
  thereof." 
 
  Afterwards  when  a  dead  body  is  laid  in  Elisha's  grave  a  year 
  after  his  burial,  no  sooner  does  it  touch  the  hallowed  remains 
  than  the  man  "revived,  and  stood  up  on  his  feet"  (2  Kings 
  13:20-21). 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Elisha,  salvation  of  God