browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
ergot

more about ergot

ergot


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Ergot  \Er"got\,  n.  [F.  ergot,  argot,  lit.,  a  spur.] 
  1.  A  diseased  condition  of  rye  and  other  cereals,  in  which 
  the  grains  become  black,  and  often  spur-shaped.  It  is 
  caused  by  a  parasitic  fungus,  {Claviceps  purpurea}. 
 
  2.  The  mycelium  or  spawn  of  this  fungus  infecting  grains  of 
  rye  and  wheat.  It  is  a  powerful  remedial  agent,  and  also  a 
  dangerous  poison,  and  is  used  as  a  means  of  hastening 
  childbirth,  and  to  arrest  bleeding. 
 
  3.  (Far.)  A  stub,  like  soft  horn,  about  the  size  of  a 
  chestnut,  situated  behind  and  below  the  pastern  joint. 
 
  4.  (Anat.)  See  2d  {Calcar},  3 
  b  . 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  genus  of  lophobranch  fishes  of  several 
  species  in  which  the  head  and  neck  have  some  resemblance 
  to  those  of  a  horse;  --  called  also  {sea  horse}. 
 
  Note:  They  swim  slowly,  in  an  erect  position,  and  often  cling 
  to  seaweeds  by  means  of  the  incurved  prehensile  tail. 
  The  male  has  a  ventral  pouch,  in  which  it  carries  the 
  eggs  till  hatched. 
 
  3.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  name  applied  to  either  of  two  ridges  of  white 
  matter  in  each  lateral  ventricle  of  the  brain.  The  larger 
  is  called  hippocampus  major  or  simply  hippocampus.  The 
  smaller,  hippocampus  minor,  is  called  also  {ergot}  and 
  {calcar}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  ergot 
  n  1:  a  plant  disease  caused  by  the  ergot  fungus 
  2:  a  fungus  that  infects  various  cereal  plants  forming  compact 
  black  masses  of  branching  filaments  that  replace  many 
  grains  of  the  plant;  source  of  medicinally  important 
  alkaloids  and  of  lysergic  acid  [syn:  {Claviceps  purpurea}] 




more about ergot