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esarhaddon


esarhaddon


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Esarhaddon 
  Assur  has  given  a  brother,  successor  of  Sennacherib  (2  Kings 
  19:37;  Isa.  37:38).  He  ascended  the  throne  about  B.C.  681. 
  Nothing  further  is  recorded  of  him  in  Scripture,  except  that  he 
  settled  certain  colonists  in  Samaria  (Ezra  4:2).  But  from  the 
  monuments  it  appears  that  he  was  the  most  powerful  of  all  the 
  Assyrian  monarchs.  He  built  many  temples  and  palaces,  the  most 
  magnificent  of  which  was  the  south-west  palace  at  Nimrud,  which 
  is  said  to  have  been  in  its  general  design  almost  the  same  as 
  Solomon's  palace,  only  much  larger  (1  Kings  7:1-12). 
 
  In  December  B.C.  681  Sennacherib  was  murdered  by  two  of  his 
  sons,  who  after  holding  Nineveh  for  forty-two  days,  were 
  compelled  to  fly  to  Erimenas  of  Ararat,  or  Armenia.  Their 
  brother  Esarhaddon,  who  had  been  engaged  in  a  campaign  against 
  Armenia,  led  his  army  against  them  They  were  utterly  overthrown 
  in  a  battle  fought  April  B.C.  680,  near  Malatiyeh  and  in  the 
  following  month  Esarhaddon  was  crowned  at  Nineveh.  He  restored 
  Babylon,  conquered  Egypt,  and  received  tribute  from  Manasseh  of 
  Judah.  He  died  in  October  B.C.  668,  while  on  the  march  to 
  suppress  an  Egyptian  revolt,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son 
  Assur-bani-pal,  whose  younger  brother  was  made  viceroy  of 
  Babylonia. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Esar-haddon,  that  closes  the  point;  joy;  cheerfulness