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esdraelon


esdraelon


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Esdraelon 
  the  Greek  form  of  the  Hebrew  "Jezreel,"  the  name  of  the  great 
  plain  (called  by  the  natives  Merj  Ibn  Amer;  i.e.,  "the  meadow  of 
  the  son  of  Amer")  which  stretches  across  Central  Palestine  from 
  the  Jordan  to  the  Mediterraanean,  separating  the  mountain  ranges 
  of  Carmel  and  Samaria  from  those  of  Galilee,  extending  about  14 
  miles  from  north  to  south,  and  9  miles  from  east  to  west.  It  is 
  drained  by  "that  ancient  river"  the  Kishon,  which  flows  westward 
  to  the  Mediterranean.  From  the  foot  of  Mount  Tabor  it  branches 
  out  into  three  valleys,  that  on  the  north  passing  between  Tabor 
  and  Little  Hermon  (Judg.  4:14);  that  on  the  south  between  Mount 
  Gilboa  and  En-gannim  (2  Kings  9:27);  while  the  central  portion, 
  the  "valley  of  Jezreel"  proper,  runs  into  the  Jordan  valley 
  (which  is  about  1,000  feet  lower  than  Esdraelon)  by  Bethshean. 
  Here  Gideon  gained  his  great  victory  over  the  Midianites  (Judg. 
  7:1-25).  Here  also  Barak  defeated  Sisera,  and  Saul's  army  was 
  defeated  by  the  Philistines,  and  king  Josiah,  while  fighting  in 
  disguise  against  Necho,  king  of  Egypt,  was  slain  (2  Chr. 
  35:20-27;  2  Kings  23-29).  This  plain  has  been  well  called  the 
  "battle-field  of  Palestine."  "It  has  been  a  chosen  place  for 
  encampment  in  every  contest  carried  on  in  this  country,  from  the 
  days  of  Nebuchadnezzar,  king  of  the  Assyrians,  in  the  history  of 
  whose  wars  with  Arphaxad  it  is  mentioned  as  the  Great  Plain  of 
  Esdraelon,  until  the  disastrous  march  of  Napoleon  Bonaparte  from 
  Egypt  into  Syria.  Jews,  Gentiles,  Saracens,  Crusaders, 
  Frenchmen,  Egyptians,  Persians,  Druses,  Turks,  and  Arabs, 
  warriors  out  of  every  nation  which  is  under  heaven,  have  pitched 
  their  tents  in  the  plain,  and  have  beheld  the  various  banners  of 
  their  nations  wet  with  the  dews  of  Tabor  and  Hermon"  (Dr. 
  Clark).