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etching

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etching


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Etching  \Etch"ing\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  art,  or  practice  of  engraving  by  means  of  acid 
  which  eats  away  lines  or  surfaces  left  unprotected  in 
  metal,  glass,  or  the  like  See  {Etch},  v.  t. 
 
  2.  A  design  carried  out  by  means  of  the  above  process;  a 
  pattern  on  metal,  glass,  etc.,  produced  by  etching. 
 
  3.  An  impression  on  paper,  parchment,  or  other  material, 
  taken  in  ink  from  an  etched  plate. 
 
  {Etching  figures}  (Min.),  markings  produced  on  the  face  of  a 
  crystal  by  the  action  of  an  appropriate  solvent.  They  have 
  usually  a  definite  form  and  are  important  as  revealing 
  the  molecular  structure. 
 
  {Etching  needle},  a  sharp-pointed  steel  instrument  with  which 
  lines  are  drawn  in  the  ground  or  varnish  in  etching. 
 
  {Etching  stitch}  (Needlework),  a  stitch  used  outline 
  embroidery. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Etch  \Etch\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Etched};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Etching}.]  [D.  etsen,  G.  ["a]tzen  to  feed,  corrode,  etch. 
  MHG.  etzen,  causative  of  ezzen  to  eat,  G.  essen  ??.  See 
  {Eat}.] 
  1.  To  produce,  as  figures  or  designs,  on  mental,  glass,  or 
  the  like  by  means  of  lines  or  strokes  eaten  in  or 
  corroded  by  means  of  some  strong  acid. 
 
  Note:  The  plate  is  first  covered  with  varnish,  or  some  other 
  ground  capable  of  resisting  the  acid,  and  this  is  then 
  scored  or  scratched  with  a  needle,  or  similar 
  instrument,  so  as  to  form  the  drawing;  the  plate  is 
  then  covered  with  acid,  which  corrodes  the  metal  in  the 
  lines  thus  laid  bare. 
 
  2.  To  subject  to  etching;  to  draw  upon  and  bite  with  acid,  as 
  a  plate  of  metal. 
 
  I  was  etching  a  plate  at  the  beginning  of  1875. 
  --Hamerton. 
 
  3.  To  sketch;  to  delineate.  [R.] 
 
  There  are  many  empty  terms  to  be  found  in  some 
  learned  writes,  to  which  they  had  recourse  to  etch 
  out  their  system.  --Locke. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  etching 
  n  1:  an  impression  made  from  an  etched  plate 
  2:  an  etched  plate  made  with  the  use  of  acid 
  3:  making  engraved  or  etched  plates  and  printing  designs  from 
  them  [syn:  {engraving}] 




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