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exchequer

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exchequer


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Exchequer  \Ex*cheq"uer\,  n.  [OE.  escheker,  OF  eichekier  fr 
  LL  scaccarium  See  {Checker},  {Chess},  {Check}.] 
  1.  One  of  the  superior  courts  of  law;  --  so  called  from  a 
  checkered  cloth,  which  covers,  or  formerly  covered,  the 
  table.  [Eng.] 
 
  Note:  The  exchequer  was  a  court  of  law  and  equity.  In  the 
  revenue  department,  it  had  jurisdiction  over  the 
  proprietary  rights  of  the  crown  against  subjects;  in 
  the  common  law  department,  it  administered  justice  in 
  personal  actions  between  subject  and  subject.  A  person 
  proceeding  against  another  in  the  revenue  department 
  was  said  to  exchequer  him  The  judges  of  this  court 
  were  one  chief  and  four  puisne  barons,  so  styled.  The 
  Court  of  Exchequer  Chamber  sat  as  court  of  error  in 
  which  the  judgments  of  each  of  the  superior  courts  of 
  common  law,  in  England,  were  subject  to  revision  by  the 
  judges  of  the  other  two  sitting  collectively.  Causes 
  involving  difficult  questions  of  law  were  sometimes 
  after  argument,  adjourned  into  this  court  from  the 
  other  courts,  for  debate  before  judgment  in  the  court 
  below.  Recent  legislation  in  England  (1880)  has 
  abolished  the  Court  of  Exchequer  and  the  Court  of 
  Exchequer  Chamber,  as  distinct  tribunals,  a  single 
  board  of  judiciary,  the  High  Court  of  Justice,  being 
  established  for  the  trial  of  all  classes  of  civil 
  cases.  --Wharton. 
 
  2.  The  department  of  state  having  charge  of  the  collection 
  and  management  of  the  royal  revenue.  [Eng.]  Hence  the 
  treasury;  and  colloquially,  pecuniary  possessions  in 
  general;  as  the  company's  exchequer  is  low 
 
  {Barons  of  the  exchequer}.  See  under  {Baron}. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  the  exchequer}.  See  under  {Chancellor}. 
 
  {Exchequer}  {bills  or  bonds}  (Eng.),  bills  of  money,  or 
  promissory  bills,  issued  from  the  exchequer  by  authority 
  of  Parliament;  a  species  of  paper  currency  emitted  under 
  the  authority  of  the  government,  and  bearing  interest. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Exchequer  \Ex*cheq"uer\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Exchequered};  p. 
  pr  &  vb  n.  {Exchequering}.] 
  To  institute  a  process  against  (any  one)  in  the  Court  of 
  Exchequer. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  exchequer 
  n  :  the  funds  of  a  government  or  institution  or  individual  [syn: 
  {treasury}] 




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