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fishes

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fishes


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fish  \Fish\,  n.;  pl  {Fishes},  or  collectively,  {Fish}.  [OE. 
  fisch,  fisc,  fis,  AS  fisc;  akin  to  D.  visch  OS  &  OHG. 
  fisk,  G.  fisch,  Icel.  fiskr,  Sw  &  Dan.  fisk,  Goth.  fisks,  L. 
  piscis,  Ir  iasg.  Cf  {Piscatorial}.  In  some  cases,  such  as 
  fish  joint,  fish  plate,  this  word  has  prob.  been  confused 
  with  fish,  fr  F.  fichea  peg.] 
  1.  A  name  loosely  applied  in  popular  usage  to  many  animals  of 
  diverse  characteristics,  living  in  the  water. 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  An  oviparous,  vertebrate  animal  usually  having 
  fins  and  a  covering  scales  or  plates.  It  breathes  by  means 
  of  gills,  and  lives  almost  entirely  in  the  water.  See 
  {Pisces}. 
 
  Note:  The  true  fishes  include  the  Teleostei  (bony  fishes), 
  Ganoidei,  Dipnoi,  and  Elasmobranchii  or  Selachians 
  (sharks  and  skates).  Formerly  the  leptocardia  and 
  Marsipobranciata  were  also  included,  but  these  are  now 
  generally  regarded  as  two  distinct  classes,  below  the 
  fishes. 
 
  3.  pl  The  twelfth  sign  of  the  zodiac;  Pisces. 
 
  4.  The  flesh  of  fish,  used  as  food. 
 
  5.  (Naut.) 
  a  A  purchase  used  to  fish  the  anchor. 
  b  A  piece  of  timber,  somewhat  in  the  form  of  a  fish, 
  used  to  strengthen  a  mast  or  yard. 
 
  Note:  Fish  is  used  adjectively  or  as  part  of  a  compound  word 
  as  fish  line  fish  pole,  fish  spear,  fish-bellied. 
 
  {Age  of  Fishes}.  See  under  {Age},  n.,  8. 
 
  {Fish  ball},  fish  (usually  salted  codfish)  shared  fine,  mixed 
  with  mashed  potato,  and  made  into  the  form  of  a  small 
  round  cake.  [U.S.] 
 
  {Fish  bar}.  Same  as  {Fish  plate}  (below). 
 
  {Fish  beam}  (Mech.),  a  beam  one  of  whose  sides  (commonly  the 
  under  one)  swells  out  like  the  belly  of  a  fish.  --Francis. 
 
  {Fish  crow}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  species  of  crow  ({Corvus 
  ossifragus}),  found  on  the  Atlantic  coast  of  the  United 
  States.  It  feeds  largely  on  fish. 
 
  {Fish  culture},  the  artifical  breeding  and  rearing  of  fish; 
  pisciculture. 
 
  {Fish  davit}.  See  {Davit}. 
 
  {Fish  day},  a  day  on  which  fish  is  eaten;  a  fast  day 
 
  {Fish  duck}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  species  of  merganser. 
 
  {Fish  fall},  the  tackle  depending  from  the  fish  davit,  used 
  in  hauling  up  the  anchor  to  the  gunwale  of  a  ship. 
 
  {Fish  garth},  a  dam  or  weir  in  a  river  for  keeping  fish  or 
  taking  them  easily. 
 
  {Fish  glue}.  See  {Isinglass}. 
 
  {Fish  joint},  a  joint  formed  by  a  plate  or  pair  of  plates 
  fastened  upon  two  meeting  beams,  plates,  etc.,  at  their 
  junction;  --  used  largely  in  connecting  the  rails  of 
  railroads. 
 
  {Fish  kettle},  a  long  kettle  for  boiling  fish  whole. 
 
  {Fish  ladder},  a  dam  with  a  series  of  steps  which  fish  can 
  leap  in  order  to  ascend  falls  in  a  river. 
 
  {Fish  line},  or  {Fishing  line},  a  line  made  of  twisted  hair, 
  silk,  etc.,  used  in  angling. 
 
  {Fish  louse}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  crustacean  parasitic  on  fishes, 
  esp.  the  parasitic  Copepoda,  belonging  to  {Caligus}, 
  {Argulus},  and  other  related  genera.  See  {Branchiura}. 
 
  {Fish  maw}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  stomach  of  a  fish;  also  the  air 
  bladder,  or  sound. 
 
  {Fish  meal},  fish  desiccated  and  ground  fine,  for  use  in 
  soups,  etc 
 
  {Fish  oil},  oil  obtained  from  the  bodies  of  fish  and  marine 
  animals,  as  whales,  seals,  sharks,  from  cods'  livers,  etc 
 
 
  {Fish  owl}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  fish-eating  owl  of  the  Old  World 
  genera  {Scotopelia}  and  {Ketupa},  esp.  a  large  East  Indian 
  species  ({K.  Ceylonensis}). 
 
  {Fish  plate},  one  of  the  plates  of  a  fish  joint. 
 
  {Fish  pot},  a  wicker  basket,  sunk,  with  a  float  attached,  for 
  catching  crabs,  lobsters,  etc 
 
  {Fish  pound},  a  net  attached  to  stakes,  for  entrapping  and 
  catching  fish;  a  weir.  [Local,  U.S.]  --Bartlett. 
 
  {Fish  slice},  a  broad  knife  for  dividing  fish  at  table;  a 
  fish  trowel. 
 
  {Fish  slide},  an  inclined  box  set  in  a  stream  at  a  small 
  fall,  or  ripple,  to  catch  fish  descending  the  current. 
  --Knight. 
 
  {Fish  sound},  the  air  bladder  of  certain  fishes,  esp.  those 
  that  are  dried  and  used  as  food,  or  in  the  arts,  as  for 
  the  preparation  of  isinglass. 
 
  {Fish  story},  a  story  which  taxes  credulity;  an  extravagant 
  or  incredible  narration.  [Colloq.  U.S.]  --Bartlett. 
 
  {Fish  strainer}. 
  a  A  metal  colander,  with  handles,  for  taking  fish  from  a 
  boiler. 
  b  A  perforated  earthenware  slab  at  the  bottom  of  a  dish, 
  to  drain  the  water  from  a  boiled  fish. 
 
  {Fish  trowel},  a  fish  slice. 
 
  {Fish}  {weir  or  wear},  a  weir  set  in  a  stream,  for  catching 
  fish. 
 
  {Neither  fish  nor  flesh}  (Fig.),  neither  one  thing  nor  the 
  other 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Finch  \Finch\,  n.;  pl  {Fishes}.  [AS.  finc;  akin  to  D.  vink, 
  OHG.  fincho,  G.  fink;  cf  W.  pinc  a  finch;  also  E.  spink.] 
  (Zo["o]l.) 
  A  small  singing  bird  of  many  genera  and  species,  belonging  to 
  the  family  {Fringillid[ae]}. 
 
  Note:  The  word  is  often  used  in  composition,  as  in  chaffinch, 
  goldfinch,  grassfinch,  pinefinch,  etc 
 
  {Bramble  finch}.  See  {Brambling}. 
 
  {Canary  finch},  the  canary  bird. 
 
  {Copper  finch}.  See  {Chaffinch}. 
 
  {Diamond  finch}.  See  under  {Diamond}. 
 
  {Finch  falcon}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  several  very  small  East 
  Indian  falcons  of  the  genus  {Hierax}. 
 
  {To  pull  a  finch},  to  swindle  an  ignorant  or  unsuspecting 
  person.  [Obs.]  ``Privily  a  finch  eke  could  he  pull.'' 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Crawfish  \Craw"fish`\  (kr[add]"f[i^]sh`),  Crayfish  \Cray"fish`\ 
  (kr[=a]"f[i^]sh`),  n.;  pl  {-fishes}  or  {-fish}.  [Corrupted 
  fr  OE  crevis,  creves,  OF  crevice,  F.  ['e]crevisse,  fr 
  OHG.  krebiz  crab,  G.  krebs.  See  {Crab}.  The  ending  -fish 
  arose  from  confusion  with  E.  fish.]  (Zo["o]l.) 
  Any  crustacean  of  the  family  {Astacid[ae]},  resembling  the 
  lobster,  but  smaller,  and  found  in  fresh  waters.  Crawfishes 
  are  esteemed  very  delicate  food  both  in  Europe  and  America. 
  The  North  American  species  are  numerous  and  mostly  belong  to 
  the  genus  {Cambarus}.  The  blind  crawfish  of  the  Mammoth  Cave 
  is  {Cambarus  pellucidus}.  The  common  European  species  is 
  {Astacus  fluviatilis}. 




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