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gall

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gall


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  n.  [F.  galle,  noix  de  galle,  fr  L.  galla.] 
  (Zo["o]l.) 
  An  excrescence  of  any  form  produced  on  any  part  of  a  plant  by 
  insects  or  their  larvae.  They  are  most  commonly  caused  by 
  small  Hymenoptera  and  Diptera  which  puncture  the  bark  and  lay 
  their  eggs  in  the  wounds.  The  larvae  live  within  the  galls. 
  Some  galls  are  due  to  aphids,  mites,  etc  See  {Gallnut}. 
 
  Note:  The  galls,  or  gallnuts,  of  commerce  are  produced  by 
  insects  of  the  genus  {Cynips},  chiefly  on  an  oak 
  ({Quercus  infectoria  or  Lusitanica})  of  Western  Asia 
  and  Southern  Europe.  They  contain  much  tannin,  and  are 
  used  in  the  manufacture  of  that  article  and  for  making 
  ink  and  a  black  dye,  as  well  as  in  medicine. 
 
  {Gall  insect}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  insect  that  produces  galls. 
 
  {Gall  midge}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  small  dipterous  insect  that 
  produces  galls. 
 
  {Gall  oak},  the  oak  ({Quercus  infectoria})  which  yields  the 
  galls  of  commerce. 
 
  {Gall  of  glass},  the  neutral  salt  skimmed  off  from  the 
  surface  of  melted  crown  glass;-  called  also  {glass  gall} 
  and  {sandiver}.  --Ure. 
 
  {Gall  wasp}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Gallfly}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  n.[OE.  galle,  gal,  AS  gealla  akin  to  D.  gal,  OS 
  &  OHG.  galla,  Icel.  gall,  SW  galla,  Dan.  galde,  L.  fel,  Gr 
  ?,  and  prob.  to  E.  yellow.  ?  See  {Yellow},  and  cf  {Choler}] 
  1.  (Physiol.)  The  bitter,  alkaline,  viscid  fluid  found  in  the 
  gall  bladder,  beneath  the  liver.  It  consists  of  the 
  secretion  of  the  liver,  or  bile,  mixed  with  that  of  the 
  mucous  membrane  of  the  gall  bladder. 
 
  2.  The  gall  bladder. 
 
  3.  Anything  extremely  bitter;  bitterness;  rancor. 
 
  He  hath  .  .  .  compassed  me  with  gall  and  travail. 
  --Lam.  iii.  5. 
 
  Comedy  diverted  without  gall.  --Dryden. 
 
  4.  Impudence;  brazen  assurance.  [Slang] 
 
  {Gall  bladder}  (Anat.),  the  membranous  sac,  in  which  the 
  bile,  or  gall,  is  stored  up  as  secreted  by  the  liver;  the 
  cholecystis.  See  Illust.  of  Digestive  apparatus. 
 
  {Gall  duct},  a  duct  which  conveys  bile,  as  the  cystic  duct, 
  or  the  hepatic  duct. 
 
  {Gall  sickness},  a  remitting  bilious  fever  in  the 
  Netherlands.  --Dunglison. 
 
  {Gall  of  the  earth}  (Bot.),  an  herbaceous  composite  plant 
  with  variously  lobed  and  cleft  leaves,  usually  the 
  {Prenanthes  serpentaria}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  v.  t.  (Dyeing) 
  To  impregnate  with  a  decoction  of  gallnuts.  --Ure. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Galled};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Galling}.]  [OE.  gallen;  cf  F.  galer  to  scratch,  rub,  gale 
  scurf,  scab,  G.  galle  a  disease  in  horses'  feet,  an 
  excrescence  under  the  tongue  of  horses;  of  uncertain  origin. 
  Cf  {Gall}  gallnut.] 
  1.  To  fret  and  wear  away  by  friction;  to  hurt  or  break  the 
  skin  of  by  rubbing;  to  chafe;  to  injure  the  surface  of  by 
  attrition;  as  a  saddle  galls  the  back  of  a  horse;  to  gall 
  a  mast  or  a  cable. 
 
  I  am  loth  to  gall  a  new-healed  wound.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  fret;  to  vex;  as  to  be  galled  by  sarcasm. 
 
  They  that  are  most  galled  with  my  folly,  They  most 
  must  laugh.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  To  injure;  to  harass;  to  annoy;  as  the  troops  were  galled 
  by  the  shot  of  the  enemy. 
 
  In  our  wars  against  the  French  of  old  we  used  to 
  gall  them  with  our  longbows,  at  a  greater  distance 
  than  they  could  shoot  their  arrows.  --Addison. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  v.  i. 
  To  scoff;  to  jeer.  [R.]  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gall  \Gall\,  n. 
  A  wound  in  the  skin  made  by  rubbing. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  gall 
  n  1:  an  open  sore  on  the  back  of  a  horse  caused  by  ill-fitting  or 
  badly  adjusted  saddle  [syn:  {saddle  sore}] 
  2:  a  skin  sore  caused  by  chafing 
  3:  abnormal  swelling  of  plant  tissue  caused  by  insects  or 
  microorganisms  or  injury 
  4:  a  feeling  of  deep  and  bitter  anger  and  ill-will  [syn:  {resentment}, 
  {bitterness},  {rancor},  {rancour}] 
  5:  the  trait  of  being  rude  and  impertinent;  inclined  to  take 
  liberties  [syn:  {crust},  {impertinence},  {impudence},  {insolence}, 
  {cheekiness},  {freshness}] 
  v  1:  become  or  make  sore  by  or  as  if  by  rubbing  [syn:  {chafe},  {fret}] 
  2:  irritate  or  vex;  "It  galls  me  that  we  lost  the  suit"  [syn:  {irk}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gall 
  (1)  Heb.  mererah  meaning  bitterness"  (Job  16:13);  i.e.,  the 
  bile  secreted  in  the  liver.  This  word  is  also  used  of  the  poison 
  of  asps  (20:14),  and  of  the  vitals,  the  seat  of  life  (25). 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  rosh.  In  Deut.  32:33  and  Job  20:16  it  denotes  the 
  poison  of  serpents.  In  Hos.  10:4  the  Hebrew  word  is  rendered 
  "hemlock."  The  original  probably  denotes  some  bitter,  poisonous 
  plant,  most  probably  the  poppy,  which  grows  up  quickly,  and  is 
  therefore  coupled  with  wormwood  (Deut.  29:18;  Jer.  9:15;  Lam. 
  3:19).  Comp.  Jer.  8:14;  23:15,  "water  of  gall,"  Gesenius  "poppy 
  juice;"  others  "water  of  hemlock,"  "bitter  water." 
 
  (3.)  Gr  chole  (Matt.  27:34),  the  LXX.  translation  of  the 
  Hebrew  _rosh_  in  Ps  69;  21,  which  foretells  our  Lord's 
  sufferings.  The  drink  offered  to  our  Lord  was  vinegar  (made  of 
  light  wine  rendered  acid,  the  common  drink  of  Roman  soldiers) 
  "mingled  with  gall,"  or  according  to  Mark  (15:23),  "mingled 
  with  myrrh;"  both  expressions  meaning  the  same  thing  namely, 
  that  the  vinegar  was  made  bitter  by  the  infusion  of  wormwood  or 
  some  other  bitter  substance,  usually  given  according  to  a 
  merciful  custom,  as  an  anodyne  to  those  who  were  crucified,  to 
  render  them  insensible  to  pain.  Our  Lord,  knowing  this  refuses 
  to  drink  it  He  would  take  nothing  to  cloud  his  faculties  or 
  blunt  the  pain  of  dying.  He  chooses  to  suffer  every  element  of 
  woe  in  the  bitter  cup  of  agony  given  him  by  the  Father  (John 
  18:11). 
 




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