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gauge

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gauge


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gauge  \Gauge\,  n.  [Written  also  gage.] 
  1.  A  measure;  a  standard  of  measure;  an  instrument  to 
  determine  dimensions,  distance,  or  capacity;  a  standard. 
 
  This  plate  must  be  a  gauge  to  file  your  worm  and 
  groove  to  equal  breadth  by  --Moxon. 
 
  There  is  not  in  our  hands  any  fixed  gauge  of  minds. 
  --I.  Taylor. 
 
  2.  Measure;  dimensions;  estimate. 
 
  The  gauge  and  dimensions  of  misery,  depression,  and 
  contempt.  --Burke. 
 
  3.  (Mach.  &  Manuf.)  Any  instrument  for  ascertaining  or 
  regulating  the  dimensions  or  forms  of  things  a  templet  or 
  template;  as  a  button  maker's  gauge. 
 
  4.  (Physics)  Any  instrument  or  apparatus  for  measuring  the 
  state  of  a  phenomenon,  or  for  ascertaining  its  numerical 
  elements  at  any  moment;  --  usually  applied  to  some 
  particular  instrument;  as  a  rain  gauge;  a  steam  gauge. 
 
  5.  (Naut.) 
  a  Relative  positions  of  two  or  more  vessels  with 
  reference  to  the  wind;  as  a  vessel  has  the  weather 
  gauge  of  another  when  on  the  windward  side  of  it  and 
  the  lee  gauge  when  on  the  lee  side  of  it 
  b  The  depth  to  which  a  vessel  sinks  in  the  water. 
  --Totten. 
 
  6.  The  distance  between  the  rails  of  a  railway. 
 
  Note:  The  standard  gauge  of  railroads  in  most  countries  is 
  four  feet,  eight  and  one  half  inches.  Wide,  or  broad, 
  gauge,  in  the  United  States,  is  six  feet;  in  England, 
  seven  feet,  and  generally  any  gauge  exceeding  standard 
  gauge.  Any  gauge  less  than  standard  gauge  is  now  called 
  narrow  gauge.  It  varies  from  two  feet  to  three  feet  six 
  inches. 
 
  7.  (Plastering)  The  quantity  of  plaster  of  Paris  used  with 
  common  plaster  to  accelerate  its  setting. 
 
  8.  (Building)  That  part  of  a  shingle,  slate,  or  tile,  which 
  is  exposed  to  the  weather,  when  laid;  also  one  course  of 
  such  shingles,  slates,  or  tiles. 
 
  {Gauge  of  a  carriage},  {car},  etc.,  the  distance  between  the 
  wheels;  --  ordinarily  called  the  {track}. 
 
  {Gauge  cock},  a  stop  cock  used  as  a  try  cock  for  ascertaining 
  the  height  of  the  water  level  in  a  steam  boiler. 
 
  {Gauge  concussion}  (Railroads),  the  jar  caused  by  a  car-wheel 
  flange  striking  the  edge  of  the  rail. 
 
  {Gauge  glass},  a  glass  tube  for  a  water  gauge. 
 
  {Gauge  lathe},  an  automatic  lathe  for  turning  a  round  object 
  having  an  irregular  profile,  as  a  baluster  or  chair  round, 
  to  a  templet  or  gauge. 
 
  {Gauge  point},  the  diameter  of  a  cylinder  whose  altitude  is 
  one  inch,  and  contents  equal  to  that  of  a  unit  of  a  given 
  measure;  --  a  term  used  in  gauging  casks,  etc 
 
  {Gauge  rod},  a  graduated  rod,  for  measuring  the  capacity  of 
  barrels,  casks,  etc 
 
  {Gauge  saw},  a  handsaw,  with  a  gauge  to  regulate  the  depth  of 
  cut.  --Knight. 
 
  {Gauge  stuff},  a  stiff  and  compact  plaster,  used  in  making 
  cornices,  moldings,  etc.,  by  means  of  a  templet. 
 
  {Gauge  wheel},  a  wheel  at  the  forward  end  of  a  plow  beam,  to 
  determine  the  depth  of  the  furrow. 
 
  {Joiner's  gauge},  an  instrument  used  to  strike  a  line 
  parallel  to  the  straight  side  of  a  board,  etc 
 
  {Printer's  gauge},  an  instrument  to  regulate  the  length  of 
  the  page. 
 
  {Rain  gauge},  an  instrument  for  measuring  the  quantity  of 
  rain  at  any  given  place 
 
  {Salt  gauge},  or  {Brine  gauge},  an  instrument  or  contrivance 
  for  indicating  the  degree  of  saltness  of  water  from  its 
  specific  gravity,  as  in  the  boilers  of  ocean  steamers. 
 
  {Sea  gauge},  an  instrument  for  finding  the  depth  of  the  sea. 
 
 
  {Siphon  gauge},  a  glass  siphon  tube,  partly  filled  with 
  mercury,  --  used  to  indicate  pressure,  as  of  steam,  or  the 
  degree  of  rarefaction  produced  in  the  receiver  of  an  air 
  pump  or  other  vacuum;  a  manometer. 
 
  {Sliding  gauge}.  (Mach.) 
  a  A  templet  or  pattern  for  gauging  the  commonly  accepted 
  dimensions  or  shape  of  certain  parts  in  general  use 
  as  screws,  railway-car  axles,  etc 
  b  A  gauge  used  only  for  testing  other  similar  gauges, 
  and  preserved  as  a  reference,  to  detect  wear  of  the 
  working  gauges. 
  c  (Railroads)  See  Note  under  {Gauge},  n.,  5. 
 
  {Star  gauge}  (Ordnance),  an  instrument  for  measuring  the 
  diameter  of  the  bore  of  a  cannon  at  any  point  of  its 
  length. 
 
  {Steam  gauge},  an  instrument  for  measuring  the  pressure  of 
  steam,  as  in  a  boiler. 
 
  {Tide  gauge},  an  instrument  for  determining  the  height  of  the 
  tides. 
 
  {Vacuum  gauge},  a  species  of  barometer  for  determining  the 
  relative  elasticities  of  the  vapor  in  the  condenser  of  a 
  steam  engine  and  the  air. 
 
  {Water  gauge}. 
  a  A  contrivance  for  indicating  the  height  of  a  water 
  surface,  as  in  a  steam  boiler;  as  by  a  gauge  cock  or 
  glass. 
  b  The  height  of  the  water  in  the  boiler. 
 
  {Wind  gauge},  an  instrument  for  measuring  the  force  of  the 
  wind  on  any  given  surface;  an  anemometer. 
 
  {Wire  gauge},  a  gauge  for  determining  the  diameter  of  wire  or 
  the  thickness  of  sheet  metal;  also  a  standard  of  size. 
  See  under  {Wire}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gauge  \Gauge\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Gauged};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Gauging}]  [OF.  gaugier,  F.  jauger,  cf  OF  gauge  gauge, 
  measuring  rod,  F.  jauge;  of  uncertain  origin;  perh.  fr  an 
  assumed  L.  qualificare  to  determine  the  qualities  of  a  thing 
  (see  {Qualify});  but  cf  also  F.  jalon  a  measuring  stake  in 
  surveying,  and  E.  gallon.]  [Written  also  {gage}.] 
  1.  To  measure  or  determine  with  a  gauge. 
 
  2.  To  measure  or  to  ascertain  the  contents  or  the  capacity 
  of  as  of  a  pipe,  barrel,  or  keg. 
 
  3.  (Mech.)  To  measure  the  dimensions  of  or  to  test  the 
  accuracy  of  the  form  of  as  of  a  part  of  a  gunlock. 
 
  The  vanes  nicely  gauged  on  each  side  --Derham. 
 
  4.  To  draw  into  equidistant  gathers  by  running  a  thread 
  through  it  as  cloth  or  a  garment. 
 
  5.  To  measure  the  capacity,  character,  or  ability  of  to 
  estimate;  to  judge  of 
 
  You  shall  not  gauge  me  By  what  we  do  to-night. 
  --Shak. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  gauge 
  n  :  an  instrument  for  measuring  and  indicating  a  quantity  or  for 
  testing  conformity  with  a  standard  [syn:  {gage}] 
  v  :  form  an  opinion  about  judge  tentatively;  form  an  estimate 
  of  esp.  quantities  or  time;  "I  estimate  this  chicken  to 
  weigh  at  three  pounds"  [syn:  {estimate},  {approximate},  {guess}, 
  {judge}] 




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