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gerizim


gerizim


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gerizim 
  a  mountain  of  Samaria,  about  3,000  feet  above  the  Mediterranean. 
  It  was  on  the  left  of  the  valley  containing  the  ancient  town  of 
  Shechem  (q.v.),  on  the  way  to  Jerusalem.  It  stood  over  against 
  Mount  Ebal,  the  summits  of  these  mountains  being  distant  from 
  each  other  about  2  miles  (Deut.  27;  Josh.  8:30-35).  On  the 
  slopes  of  this  mountain  the  tribes  descended  from  the  handmaids 
  of  Leah  and  Rachel,  together  with  the  tribe  of  Reuben,  were 
  gathered  together,  and  gave  the  responses  to  the  blessing 
  pronounced  as  the  reward  of  obedience,  when  Joshua  in  the  valley 
  below  read  the  whole  law  in  the  hearing  of  all  the  people;  as 
  those  gathered  on  Ebal  responded  with  a  loud  Amen  to  the 
  rehearsal  of  the  curses  pronounced  on  the  disobedient.  It  was 
  probably  at  this  time  that  the  coffin  containing  the  embalmed 
  body  of  Joseph  was  laid  in  the  "parcel  of  ground  which  Jacob 
  bought  of  the  sons  of  Hamor"  (Gen.  33:19;  50:25). 
 
  Josephus  relates  (Ant.  11:8,  2-4)  that  Sanballat  built  a 
  temple  for  the  Samaritans  on  this  mountain,  and  instituted  a 
  priesthood,  as  rivals  to  those  of  the  Jews  at  Jerusalem.  This 
  temple  was  destroyed  after  it  had  stood  two  hundred  years.  It 
  was  afterwards  rebuilt  by  Herod  the  Great.  There  is  a  Samaritan 
  tradition  that  it  was  the  scene  of  the  incident  recorded  in  Gen. 
  22.  There  are  many  ruins  on  this  mountain,  some  of  which  are 
  evidently  of  Christian  buildings.  To  this  mountain  the  woman  of 
  Sychar  referred  in  John  4:20.  For  centuries  Gerizim  was  the 
  centre  of  political  outbreaks.  The  Samaritans  (q.v.),  a  small 
  but  united  body,  still  linger  here  and  keep  up  their  ancient 
  ceremonial  worship. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Gerizim,  cutters,  hatchets