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giants

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giants


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Giants 
  (1.)  Heb.  nephilim,  meaning  violent"  or  "causing  to  fall"  (Gen. 
  6:4).  These  were  the  violent  tyrants  of  those  days,  those  who 
  fell  upon  others  The  word  may  also  be  derived  from  a  root 
  signifying  "wonder,"  and  hence  monsters"  or  "prodigies."  In 
  Num.  13:33  this  name  is  given  to  a  Canaanitish  tribe,  a  race  of 
  large  stature,  "the  sons  of  Anak."  The  Revised  Version,  in  these 
  passages,  simply  transliterates  the  original,  and  reads 
  "Nephilim." 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  rephaim,  a  race  of  giants  (Deut.  3:11)  who  lived  on 
  the  east  of  Jordan,  from  whom  Og  was  descended.  They  were 
  probably  the  original  inhabitants  of  the  land  before  the 
  immigration  of  the  Canaanites.  They  were  conquered  by 
  Chedorlaomer  (Gen.  14:5),  and  their  territories  were  promised  as 
  a  possession  to  Abraham  (15:20).  The  Anakim,  Zuzim,  and  Emim 
  were  branches  of  this  stock. 
 
  In  Job  26:5  (R.V.,  "they  that  are  deceased;"  marg.,  "the 
  shades,"  the  "Rephaim")  and  Isa.  14:9  this  Hebrew  word  is 
  rendered  (A.V.)  "dead."  It  means  here  "the  shades,"  the  departed 
  spirits  in  Sheol.  In  Sam.  21:16,  18,  20,  33,  "the  giant"  is 
  (A.V.)  the  rendering  of  the  singular  form  _ha  raphah_,  which  may 
  possibly  be  the  name  of  the  father  of  the  four  giants  referred 
  to  here  or  of  the  founder  of  the  Rephaim.  The  Vulgate  here 
  reads  "Arapha,"  whence  Milton  (in  Samson  Agonistes)  has  borrowed 
  the  name  "Harapha."  (See  also  1  Chron.  20:5,  6,  8;  Deut.  2:11, 
  20;  3:13;  Josh.  15:8,  etc.,  where  the  word  is  similarly  rendered 
  "giant.")  It  is  rendered  dead"  in  (A.V.)  Ps  88:10;  Prov.  2:18; 
  9:18;  21:16:  in  all  these  places  the  Revised  Version  marg.  has 
  "the  shades."  (See  also  Isa.  26:14.) 
 
  (3.)  Heb.  'Anakim  (Deut.  2:10,  11,  21;  Josh.  11:21,  22;  14:12, 
  15;  called  "sons  of  Anak,"  Num.  13:33;  "children  of  Anak," 
  13:22;  Josh.  15:14),  a  nomad  race  of  giants  descended  from  Arba 
  (Josh.  14:15),  the  father  of  Anak,  that  dwelt  in  the  south  of 
  Palestine  near  Hebron  (Gen.  23:2;  Josh.  15:13).  They  were  a 
  Cushite  tribe  of  the  same  race  as  the  Philistines  and  the 
  Egyptian  shepherd  kings.  David  on  several  occasions  encountered 
  them  (2  Sam.  21:15-22).  From  this  race  sprung  Goliath  (1  Sam. 
  17:4). 
 
  (4.)  Heb.  'emin,  a  warlike  tribe  of  the  ancient  Canaanites. 
  They  were  "great,  and  many  and  tall,  as  the  Anakims"  (Gen. 
  14:5;  Deut.  2:10,  11). 
 
  (5.)  Heb.  Zamzummim  (q.v.),  Deut.  2:20  so  called  by  the 
  Amorites. 
 
  (6.)  Heb.  gibbor  (Job  16:14),  a  mighty  one  i.e.,  a  champion 
  or  hero.  In  its  plural  form  gibborim  it  is  rendered  "mighty 
  men"  (2  Sam.  23:8-39;  1  Kings  1:8;  1  Chr.  11:9-47;  29:24.)  The 
  band  of  six  hundred  whom  David  gathered  around  him  when  he  was  a 
  fugitive  were  so  designated.  They  were  divided  into  three 
  divisions  of  two  hundred  each  and  thirty  divisions  of  twenty 
  each  The  captians  of  the  thirty  divisions  were  called  "the 
  thirty,"  the  captains  of  the  two  hundred  "the  three,"  and  the 
  captain  over  the  whole  was  called  "chief  among  the  captains"  (2 
  Sam.  23:8).  The  sons  born  of  the  marriages  mentioned  in  Gen.  6:4 
  are  also  called  by  this  Hebrew  name 
 




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