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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  hill-city,  "one  of  the  royal  cities,  greater  than  Ai  and  all 
  the  men  thereof  were  mighty"  (Josh.  10:2).  Its  inhabitants  were 
  Hivites  (11:19).  It  lay  within  the  territory  of  Benjamin,  and 
  became  a  priest-city  (18:25;  21:17).  Here  the  tabernacle  was  set 
  up  after  the  destruction  of  Nob,  and  here  it  remained  many  years 
  till  the  temple  was  built  by  Solomon.  It  is  represented  by  the 
  modern  el-Jib,  to  the  south-west  of  Ai  and  about  5  1/2  miles 
  north-north-west  of  Jerusalem. 
  A  deputation  of  the  Gibeonites  with  their  allies  from  three 
  other  cities  (Josh.  9;17),  visited  the  camp  at  Gilgal,  and  by 
  false  representations  induced  Joshua  to  enter  into  a  league  with 
  them  although  the  Israelites  had  been  specially  warned  against 
  any  league  with  the  inhabitants  of  Canaan  (Ex.  23:32;  34:12; 
  Num.  33:55;  Deut.  7:2).  The  deception  practised  on  Joshua  was 
  detected  three  days  later  but  the  oath  rashly  sworn  "by  Jehovah 
  God  of  Israel"  was  kept,  and  the  lives  of  the  Gibeonites  were 
  spared.  They  were  however,  made  bondmen"  to  the  sanctuary 
  (Josh.  9:23). 
  The  most  remarkable  incident  connected  with  this  city  was  the 
  victory  Joshua  gained  over  the  kings  of  Palestine  (Josh. 
  10:16-27).  The  battle  here  fought  has  been  regarded  as  "one  of 
  the  most  important  in  the  history  of  the  world."  The  kings  of 
  southern  Canaan  entered  into  a  confederacy  against  Gibeon 
  (because  it  had  entered  into  a  league  with  Joshua)  under  the 
  leadership  of  Adoni-zedec,  king  of  Jerusalem,  and  marched  upon 
  Gibeon  with  the  view  of  taking  possession  of  it  The  Gibeonites 
  entreated  Joshua  to  come  to  their  aid  with  the  utmost  speed.  His 
  army  came  suddenly  upon  that  of  the  Amorite  kings  as  it  lay 
  encamped  before  the  city.  It  was  completely  routed,  and  only 
  broken  remnants  of  their  great  host  found  refuge  in  the  fenced 
  cities.  The  five  confederate  kings  who  led  the  army  were  taken 
  prisoners,  and  put  to  death  at  Makkedah  (q.v.).  This  eventful 
  battle  of  Beth-horon  sealed  the  fate  of  all  the  cities  of 
  Southern  Palestine.  Among  the  Amarna  tablets  is  a  letter  from 
  Adoni-zedec  (q.v.)  to  the  king  of  Egypt,  written  probably  at 
  Makkedah  after  the  defeat,  showing  that  the  kings  contemplated 
  flight  into  Egypt. 
  This  place  is  again  brought  into  notice  as  the  scene  of  a 
  battle  between  the  army  of  Ish-bosheth  under  Abner  and  that  of 
  David  led  by  Joab.  At  the  suggestion  of  Abner,  to  spare  the 
  effusion  of  blood  twelve  men  on  either  side  were  chosen  to 
  decide  the  battle.  The  issue  was  unexpected;  for  each  of  the  men 
  slew  his  fellow,  and  thus  they  all  perished.  The  two  armies  then 
  engaged  in  battle,  in  which  Abner  and  his  host  were  routed  and 
  put  to  flight  (2  Sam.  2:12-17).  This  battle  led  to  a  virtual 
  truce  between  Judah  and  Israel,  Judah,  under  David,  increasing 
  in  power;  and  Israel,  under  Ish-bosheth,  continually  losing 
  Soon  after  the  death  of  Absalom  and  David's  restoration  to  his 
  throne  his  kingdom  was  visited  by  a  grievous  famine,  which  was 
  found  to  be  a  punishment  for  Saul's  violation  (2  Sam.  21:2,  5) 
  of  the  covenant  with  the  Gibeonites  (Josh.  9:3-27).  The 
  Gibeonites  demanded  blood  for  the  wrong  that  had  been  done  to 
  them  and  accordingly  David  gave  up  to  them  the  two  sons  of 
  Rizpah  (q.v.)  and  the  five  sons  of  Michal,  and  these  the 
  Gibeonites  took  and  hanged  or  crucified  "in  the  hill  before  the 
  Lord"  (2  Sam.  21:9);  and  there  the  bodies  hung  for  six  months 
  (21:10),  and  all  the  while  Rizpah  watched  over  the  blackening 
  corpses  and  "suffered  neither  the  birds  of  the  air  to  rest  on 
  them  by  day  nor  the  beasts  of  the  field  by  night."  David 
  afterwards  removed  the  bones  of  Saul  and  Jonathan  at 
  Jabeshgilead  (21:12,  13). 
  Here  "at  the  great  stone,"  Amasa  was  put  to  death  by  Joab  (2 
  Sam.  20:5-10).  To  the  altar  of  burnt-offering  which  was  at 
  Gibeon,  Joab  (1  Kings  2:28-34),  who  had  taken  the  side  of 
  Adonijah,  fled  for  sanctuary  in  the  beginning  of  Solomon's 
  reign,  and  was  there  also  slain  by  the  hand  of  Benaiah. 
  Soon  after  he  came  to  the  throne,  Solomon  paid  a  visit  of 
  state  to  Gibeon,  there  to  offer  sacrifices  (1  Kings  3:4;  2  Chr. 
  1:3).  On  this  occasion  the  Lord  appeared  to  him  in  a  memorable 
  dream,  recorded  in  1  Kings  3:5-15;  2  Chr.  1:7-12.  When  the 
  temple  was  built  "all  the  men  of  Israel  assembled  themselves"  to 
  king  Solomon,  and  brought  up  from  Gibeon  the  tabernacle  and  "all 
  the  holy  vessels  that  were  in  the  tabernacle"  to  Jerusalem, 
  where  they  remained  till  they  were  carried  away  by 
  Nebuchadnezzar  (2  Kings  24:13). 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Gibeon,  hill;  cup;  thing  lifted  up