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gilgal


gilgal


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gilgal 
  rolling.  (1.)  From  the  solemn  transaction  of  the  reading  of  the 
  law  in  the  valley  of  Shechem  between  Ebal  and  Gerizim  the 
  Israelites  moved  forward  to  Gilgal,  and  there  made  a  permanent 
  camp  (Josh.  9:6;  10:6).  It  was  "beside  the  oaks  of  Moreh,"  near 
  which  Abraham  erected  his  first  altar  (Gen.  12:6,  7).  This  was 
  one  of  the  three  towns  to  which  Samuel  resorted  for  the 
  administration  of  justice  (1  Sam.  7:16),  and  here  also  he 
  offered  sacrifices  when  the  ark  was  no  longer  in  the  tabernacle 
  at  Shiloh  (1  Sam.  10:8;  13:7-9).  To  this  place  as  to  a  central 
  sanctuary,  all  Israel  gathered  to  renew  their  allegiance  to  Saul 
  (11:14).  At  a  later  period  it  became  the  scene  of  idolatrous 
  worship  (Hos.  4:15;  9:15).  It  has  been  identified  with  the  ruins 
  of  Jiljilieh  about  5  miles  south-west  of  Shiloh  and  about  the 
  same  distance  from  Bethel. 
 
  (2.)  The  place  in  "the  plains  of  Jericho,"  "in  the  east  border 
  of  Jericho,"  where  the  Israelites  first  encamped  after  crossing 
  the  Jordan  (Josh.  4:19,  20).  Here  they  kept  their  first  Passover 
  in  the  land  of  Canaan  (5:10)  and  renewed  the  rite  of 
  circumcision,  and  so  "rolled  away  the  reproach"  of  their 
  Egyptian  slavery.  Here  the  twelve  memorial  stones,  taken  from 
  the  bed  of  the  Jordan,  were  set  up  and  here  also  the  tabernacle 
  remained  till  it  was  removed  to  Shiloh  (18:1).  It  has  been 
  identified  with  Tell  Jiljulieh  about  5  miles  from  Jordan. 
 
  (3.)  A  place  probably  in  the  hill  country  of  Ephraim,  where 
  there  was  a  school  of  the  prophets  (2  Kings  4:38),  and  whence 
  Elijah  and  Elisha,  who  resided  here  "went  down"  to  Bethel 
  (2:1,2).  It  is  mentioned  also  in  Deut.  11:30.  It  is  now  known  as 
  Jiljilia  a  place  8  miles  north  of  Bethel. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Gilgal,  wheel;  rolling;  heap