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gluten

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gluten


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gluten  \Glu"ten\,  n.  [L.,  glue:  cf  F.  gluten.  See  {Glue}.] 
  (Chem.) 
  The  viscid,  tenacious  substance  which  gives  adhesiveness  to 
  dough. 
 
  Note:  Gluten  is  a  complex  and  variable  mixture  of  glutin  or 
  gliadin,  vegetable  fibrin,  vegetable  casein,  oily 
  material,  etc.,  and  ia  a  very  nutritious  element  of 
  food.  It  may  be  separated  from  the  flour  of  grain  by 
  subjecting  this  to  a  current  of  water,  the  starch  and 
  other  soluble  matters  being  thus  washed  out 
 
  {Gluten  bread},  bread  containing  a  large  proportion  of 
  gluten;  --  used  in  cases  of  diabetes. 
 
  {Gluten  casein}  (Chem.),  a  vegetable  proteid  found  in  the 
  seeds  of  grasses,  and  extracted  as  a  dark,  amorphous, 
  earthy  mass. 
 
  {Gluten  fibrin}  (Chem.),  a  vegetable  proteid  found  in  the 
  cereal  grains,  and  extracted  as  an  amorphous,  brownish 
  yellow  substance. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  gluten 
  n  :  a  protein  substance  that  remains  when  starch  is  removed  from 
  cereal  grains;  gives  cohesiveness  to  dough 




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