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greenland

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greenland


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Greenland 
  n  :  the  largest  island  in  the  world;  between  the  Atlantic  and 
  Arctic  Oceans;  a  Danish  territory  [syn:  {Greenland},  {Kaballit 
  Nunaat}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Greenland,  AR  (town,  FIPS  28660) 
  Location:  36.00019  N,  94.18359  W 
  Population  (1990):  757  (318  housing  units) 
  Area:  7.1  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Greenland,  NH 
  Zip  code(s):  03840 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Greenland 
 
  (part  of  the  Danish  realm) 
 
  Greenland:Geography 
 
  Location:  Northern  North  America,  island  between  the  Arctic  Ocean  and 
  the  North  Atlantic  Ocean,  northeast  of  Canada 
 
  Map  references:  Arctic  Region 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  2,175,600  sq  km 
  land  area:  383,600  sq  km  (ice  free) 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  three  times  the  size  of  Texas 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  44,087  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  3  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  arctic  to  subarctic;  cool  summers,  cold  winters 
 
  Terrain:  flat  to  gradually  sloping  icecap  covers  all  but  a  narrow, 
  mountainous,  barren,  rocky  coast 
 
  Natural  resources:  zinc,  lead,  iron  ore,  coal,  molybdenum,  cryolite, 
  uranium,  fish 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  0% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  1% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0% 
  other:  99% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  0  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  continuous  permafrost  over  northern  two-thirds  of  the 
  island 
  international  agreements:  NA 
 
  Note:  dominates  North  Atlantic  Ocean  between  North  America  and  Europe; 
  sparse  population  confined  to  small  settlements  along  coast 
 
  Greenland:People 
 
  Population:  57,611  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  27%  (female  7,664;  male  7,881) 
  15-64  years:  68%  (female  17,761;  male  21,580) 
  65  years  and  over:  5%  (female  1,500;  male  1,225)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.05%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  17.7  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  7.2  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  25.1  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  67.65  years 
  male:  63.33  years 
  female:  71.98  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.25  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Greenlander(s) 
  adjective:  Greenlandic 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Greenlander  86%  (Eskimos  and  Greenland-born 
  Caucasians),  Danish  14% 
 
  Religions:  Evangelical  Lutheran 
 
  Languages:  Eskimo  dialects,  Danish 
 
  Literacy:  NA% 
 
  Labor  force:  22,800 
  by  occupation:  largely  engaged  in  fishing,  hunting,  sheep  breeding 
 
  Greenland:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  none 
  conventional  short  form:  Greenland 
  local  long  form:  none 
  local  short  form:  Kalaallit  Nunaat 
 
  Digraph:  GL 
 
  Type:  part  of  the  Danish  realm;  self-governing  overseas  administrative 
  division 
 
  Capital:  Nuuk  Godthab 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  3  municipalities  (kommuner,  singular  - 
  kommun);  Nordgronland  Ostgronland  Vestgronland 
 
  Independence:  none  (part  of  the  Danish  realm;  self-governing  overseas 
  administrative  division) 
 
  National  holiday:  Birthday  of  the  Queen,  16  April  (1940) 
 
  Constitution:  5  June  1953  (Danish  constitution) 
 
  Legal  system:  Danish 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Queen  MARGRETHE  II  (since  14  January  1972), 
  represented  by  High  Commissioner  Steen  SPORE  (since  NA  1993) 
  head  of  government:  Home  Rule  Chairman  Lars  Emil  JOHANSEN  (since  15 
  March  1991) 
  cabinet:  Landsstyre  formed  from  the  Landsting  on  basis  of  strength  of 
  parties 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Parliament  (Landsting):  elections  last  held  on  4  March  1995  (next  to 
  be  held  5  March  1999);  results  -  Siumut  38.5%,  Inuit  Ataqatigiit 
  20.3%,  Atassut  Party  29.7%;  seats  -  (31  total)  Siumut  12,  Atassut 
  Party  10,  Inuit  Ataqatigiit  6,  conservative  splinter  grouping  2, 
  independent  1 
  Danish  Folketing:  last  held  on  21  September  1994  (next  to  be  held  by 
  September  1998);  Greenland  elects  two  representatives  to  the 
  Folketing;  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (2  total) 
  Liberals  1,  Social  Democrats  1;  note  -  Greenlandic  representatives  are 
  affiliated  with  Danish  political  parties 
 
  Judicial  branch:  High  Court  Landsret 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  two-party  ruling  coalition;  Siumut 
  (Forward  Party,  a  moderate  socialist  party  that  advocates  more 
  distinct  Greenlandic  identity  and  greater  autonomy  from  Denmark),  Lars 
  Emil  JOHANSEN  chairman;  Inuit  Ataqatigiit  IA  (Eskimo  Brotherhood,  a 
  Marxist-Leninist  party  that  favors  complete  independence  from  Denmark 
  rather  than  home  rule),  Josef  MOTZFELDT  Atassut  Party  (Solidarity,  a 
  more  conservative  party  that  favors  continuing  close  relations  with 
  Denmark),  Daniel  SKIFTE  AKULLIIT  Bjarne  KREUTZMANN  Issituup  (Polar 
  Party),  Nicolai  HEINRICH 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  none  (self-governing  overseas 
  administrative  division  of  Denmark) 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  none  (self-governing  overseas 
  administrative  division  of  Denmark) 
 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  white  top  and  red  with  a  large 
  disk  slightly  to  the  hoist  side  of  center  -  the  top  half  of  the  disk 
  is  red,  the  bottom  half  is  white 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Greenland's  economic  situation  at  present  is  difficult. 
  Unemployment  is  increasing,  and  prospects  for  economic  growth  in  the 
  immediate  future  are  dim.  Following  the  closing  of  the  Black  Angel 
  lead  and  zinc  mine  in  1989,  Greenland  became  almost  completely 
  dependent  on  fishing  and  fish  processing,  the  sector  accounting  for 
  95%  of  exports.  Prospects  for  fisheries  are  not  bright,  as  the 
  important  shrimp  catches  will  at  best  stabilize  and  cod  catches  have 
  dropped.  Resumption  of  mining  and  hydrocarbon  activities  is  not  around 
  the  corner,  thus  leaving  only  tourism  with  some  potential  for  the  near 
  future.  The  public  sector  in  Greenland,  i.e.,  the  central  government 
  and  its  commercial  entities  and  the  municipalities,  plays  a  dominant 
  role  in  Greenland  accounting  for  about  two-thirds  of  total  employment. 
  About  half  the  government's  revenues  come  from  grants  from  the  Danish 
  Government. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $NA 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $NA 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  1.3%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  6.6%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $667  million 
  expenditures:  $635  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $103.8 
  million  (1993  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $330.5  million  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  fish  and  fish  products  95% 
  partners:  Denmark  79%,  Benelux  9%,  Germany  5% 
 
  Imports:  $369.6  million  (c.i.f.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  manufactured  goods  28%,  machinery  and  transport  equipment 
  24%,  food  and  live  animals  12.4%,  petroleum  products  12% 
  partners:  Denmark  65%,  Norway  8.8%,  US  4.6%,  Germany  3.8%,  Japan  3.8%, 
  Sweden  2.4% 
 
  External  debt:  $297.1  million  (1993) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  84,000  kW 
  production:  210  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  3,361  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  fish  processing  (mainly  shrimp),  lead  and  zinc  mining, 
  handicrafts,  some  small  shipyards,  potential  for  platinum  and  gold 
  mining 
 
  Agriculture:  sector  dominated  by  fishing  and  sheep  raising;  crops 
  limited  to  forage  and  small  garden  vegetables;  1988  fish  catch  of 
  133,500  metric  tons 
 
  Economic  aid:  none 
 
  Currency:  1  Danish  krone  (DKr)  =  100  oere 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Danish  kroner  (DKr)  per  US$1  -  6.034  (January  1995), 
  6.361  (1994),  6.484  (1993),  6.036  (1992),  6.396  (1991),  6.189  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Greenland:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  150  km 
  paved:  60  km 
  unpaved:  90  km 
 
  Ports:  Faeringehavn  Frederikshaab  Holsteinsborg  Nanortalik  Narsaq 
  Nuuk  (Godthaab),  Sondrestrom 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  10 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  3 
 
  Greenland:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  17,900  telephones;  adequate  domestic  and 
  international  service  provided  by  cables  and  microwave  radio  relay 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  2  coaxial  submarine  cables;  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean) 
  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  5,  FM  7  (repeaters  35),  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  4  (repeaters  9) 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Greenland:Defense  Forces 
 
  Note:  defense  is  responsibility  of  Denmark 
 
 
 




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