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guam

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guam


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Guam 
  n  :  the  largest  and  southernmost  island  in  the  Marianas  [syn:  {Guam}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Guam 
 
  (territory  of  the  US) 
 
  Guam:Geography 
 
  Location:  Oceania,  island  in  the  North  Pacific  Ocean,  about 
  three-quarters  of  the  way  from  Hawaii  to  the  Philippines 
 
  Map  references:  Oceania 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  541.3  sq  km 
  land  area:  541.3  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  three  times  the  size  of 
  Washington,  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  125.5  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  tropical  marine;  generally  warm  and  humid,  moderated  by 
  northeast  trade  winds;  dry  season  from  January  to  June,  rainy  season 
  from  July  to  December;  little  seasonal  temperature  variation 
 
  Terrain:  volcanic  origin,  surrounded  by  coral  reefs;  relatively  flat 
  coraline  limestone  plateau  (source  of  most  fresh  water)  with  steep 
  coastal  cliffs  and  narrow  coastal  plains  in  north,  low-rising  hills  in 
  center,  mountains  in  south 
 
  Natural  resources:  fishing  (largely  undeveloped),  tourism  (especially 
  from  Japan) 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  11% 
  permanent  crops:  11% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  15% 
  forest  and  woodland:  18% 
  other:  45% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  frequent  squalls  during  rainy  season;  relatively 
  rare  but  potentially  very  destructive  typhoons  (especially  in  August) 
 
  international  agreements:  NA 
 
  Note:  largest  and  southernmost  island  in  the  Mariana  Islands 
  archipelago;  strategic  location  in  western  North  Pacific  Ocean 
 
  Guam:People 
 
  Population:  153,307  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  NA 
  15-64  years:  NA 
  65  years  and  over:  NA 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.42%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  25.01  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  3.86  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  3  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  15.17  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  74.29  years 
  male:  72.42  years 
  female:  76.13  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.32  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Guamanian(s) 
  adjective:  Guamanian 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Chamorro  47%,  Filipino  25%,  Caucasian  10%,  Chinese, 
  Japanese,  Korean,  and  other  18% 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  98%,  other  2% 
 
  Languages:  English,  Chamorro  Japanese 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990) 
  total  population:  99% 
  male:  99% 
  female:  99% 
 
  Labor  force:  46,930  (1990) 
  by  occupation:  federal  and  territorial  government  40%,  private  60% 
  (trade  18%,  services  15.6%,  construction  13.8%,  other  12.6%)  (1990) 
 
  Guam:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Territory  of  Guam 
  conventional  short  form:  Guam 
 
  Digraph:  GQ 
 
  Type:  organized,  unincorporated  territory  of  the  US  with  policy 
  relations  between  Guam  and  the  US  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Office 
  of  Territorial  and  International  Affairs,  US  Department  of  the 
  Interior 
 
  Capital:  Agana 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  none  (territory  of  the  US) 
 
  Independence:  none  (territory  of  the  US) 
 
  National  holiday:  Guam  Discovery  Day  (first  Monday  in  March)  (1521); 
  Liberation  Day  21  July 
 
  Constitution:  Organic  Act  of  1  August  1950 
 
  Legal  system:  modeled  on  US  federal  laws  apply 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal;  US  citizens,  but  do  not  vote  in 
  US  presidential  elections 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  William  Jefferson  CLINTON  (since  20  January 
  1993);  Vice  President  Albert  GORE,  Jr  (since  20  January  1993) 
  head  of  government:  Governor  Carl  GUTIERREZ  (since  8  November  1994); 
  Lieutenant  Governor  Madeleine  BORDALLO  (since  8  November  1994); 
  election  last  held  8  November  1994  (next  to  be  held  NA  November  1998); 
  results  -  Carl  GUTIERREZ  (Democrat)  was  elected  Governor  and  Madeleine 
  BORDALLO  (Democrat)  was  elected  Lieutenant  Governor 
  cabinet:  executive  departments;  heads  appointed  by  the  governor  with 
  the  consent  of  the  Guam  legislature 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Legislature:  elections  last  held  8  November  1994  (next  to  be  held  NA 
  November  1996);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (21 
  total)  Democrats  14,  Republican  7 
  US  House  of  Representatives:  elections  last  held  8  November  1994  (next 
  to  be  held  NA  November  1996);  Guam  elects  one  delegate;  results  - 
  Robert  UNDERWOOD  was  reelected  as  delegate;  seats  -  (1  total)  Democrat 
  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Federal  District  Court,  Territorial  Superior  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Democratic  Party  (controls  the 
  legislature);  Republican  Party  (party  of  the  Governor) 
 
  Member  of:  ESCAP  (associate),  INTERPOL  (subbureau),  IOC,  SPC 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  none  (territory  of  the  US) 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  none  (territory  of  the  US) 
 
  Flag:  territorial  flag  is  dark  blue  with  a  narrow  red  border  on  all 
  four  sides;  centered  is  a  red-bordered,  pointed,  vertical  ellipse 
  containing  a  beach  scene,  outrigger  canoe  with  sail,  and  a  palm  tree 
  with  the  word  GUAM  superimposed  in  bold  red  letters;  US  flag  is  the 
  national  flag 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  economy  depends  mainly  on  US  military  spending  and  on 
  revenues  from  tourism.  Over  the  past  20  years  the  tourist  industry  has 
  grown  rapidly,  creating  a  construction  boom  for  new  hotels  and  the 
  expansion  of  older  ones.  Visitors  numbered  about  900,000  in  1992.  The 
  slowdown  in  Japanese  economic  growth  has  been  reflected  in  less 
  vigorous  growth  in  the  tourism  sector.  About  60%  of  the  labor  force 
  works  for  the  private  sector  and  the  rest  for  government.  Most  food 
  and  industrial  goods  are  imported,  with  about  75%  from  the  US  Guam 
  faces  the  problem  of  building  up  the  civilian  economic  sector  to 
  offset  the  impact  of  military  downsizing. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $2  billion  (1991 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $14,000  (1991  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  4%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  2%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $525  million 
  expenditures:  $395  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1991) 
 
  Exports:  $34  million  (f.o.b.,  1984) 
  commodities:  mostly  transshipments  of  refined  petroleum  products, 
  construction  materials,  fish,  food  and  beverage  products 
  partners:  US  25%,  Trust  Territory  of  the  Pacific  Islands  63%,  other 
  12% 
 
  Imports:  $493  million  (c.i.f.,  1984) 
  commodities:  petroleum  and  petroleum  products,  food,  manufactured 
  goods 
  partners:  US  23%,  Japan  19%,  other  58% 
 
  External  debt:  $NA 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  300,000  kW 
  production:  750  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  4,797  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  US  military,  tourism,  construction,  transshipment 
  services,  concrete  products,  printing  and  publishing,  food  processing, 
  textiles 
 
  Agriculture:  relatively  undeveloped  with  most  food  imported;  fruits, 
  vegetables,  eggs,  pork,  poultry,  beef,  copra 
 
  Economic  aid:  although  Guam  receives  no  foreign  aid,  it  does  receive 
  large  transfer  payments  from  the  general  revenues  of  the  US  Federal 
  Treasury  into  which  Guamanians  pay  no  income  or  excise  taxes;  under 
  the  provisions  of  a  special  law  of  Congress,  the  Guamanian  Treasury, 
  rather  than  the  US  Treasury,  receives  federal  income  taxes  paid  by 
  military  and  civilian  Federal  employees  stationed  in  Guam 
 
  Currency:  1  United  States  dollar  (US$)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  US  currency  is  used 
 
  Fiscal  year:  1  October  -  30  September 
 
  Guam:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  674  km  (all-weather  roads) 
  paved:  NA 
  unpaved:  NA 
 
  Ports:  Apra  Harbor 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  5 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  1 
 
  Guam:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  26,317  telephones  (1989) 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  2  INTELSAT  (Pacific  Ocean)  earth  stations 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  3,  FM  3,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  3 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Guam:Defense  Forces 
 
  Note:  defense  is  the  responsibility  of  the  US 
 
 
 




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