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guillotine

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guillotine


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guillotine  \Guil"lo*tine`\  (g[i^]l"l[-o]*t[=e]n`),  n.  [F.,  from 
  Guillotin,  a  French  physician,  who  proposed,  in  the 
  Constituent  Assembly  of  1789,  to  abolish  decapitation  with 
  the  ax  or  sword.  The  instrument  was  invented  by  Dr  Antoine 
  Louis,  and  was  called  at  first  {Louison}  or  {Louisette}. 
  Similar  machines,  however,  were  known  earlier.] 
  1.  A  machine  for  beheading  a  person  by  one  stroke  of  a  heavy 
  ax  or  blade,  which  slides  in  vertical  guides,  is  raised  by 
  a  cord,  and  let  fall  upon  the  neck  of  the  victim. 
 
  2.  Any  machine  or  instrument  for  cutting  or  shearing, 
  resembling  in  its  action  a  guillotine. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guillotine  \Guil"lo*tine`\  (g[i^]l`l[-o]*t[=e]n"),  v.  t.  [imp.  & 
  p.  p.  {Guillotined};  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Guillotining}.]  [Cf.  F. 
  guillotiner.] 
  To  behead  with  the  guillotine. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  guillotine 
  n  1:  closure  imposed  on  the  debate  of  specific  sections  of  a 
  bill  [syn:  {closure  by  compartment}] 
  2:  consists  of  a  weighted  blade  between  two  vertical  poles; 
  used  for  beheading  people 
  v  :  kill  by  cutting  the  head  off  with  a  guillotine;  "The  French 
  guillotined  many  Vietnamese  while  they  occupied  the 
  country" 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  GUILLOTINE,  n.  A  machine  which  makes  a  Frenchman  shrug  his  shoulders 
  with  good  reason. 
  In  his  great  work  on  _Divergent  Lines  of  Racial  Evolution_,  the 
  learned  Professor  Brayfugle  argues  from  the  prevalence  of  this  gesture 
  --  the  shrug  --  among  Frenchmen,  that  they  are  descended  from  turtles 
  and  it  is  simply  a  survival  of  the  habit  of  retracing  the  head  inside 
  the  shell.  It  is  with  reluctance  that  I  differ  with  so  eminent  an 
  authority,  but  in  my  judgment  (as  more  elaborately  set  forth  and 
  enforced  in  my  work  entitled  _Hereditary  Emotions_  --  lib.  II  c.  XI) 
  the  shrug  is  a  poor  foundation  upon  which  to  build  so  important  a 
  theory,  for  previously  to  the  Revolution  the  gesture  was  unknown.  I 
  have  not  a  doubt  that  it  is  directly  referable  to  the  terror  inspired 
  by  the  guillotine  during  the  period  of  that  instrument's  activity. 
 
 




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