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guinea

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guinea


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Peach  \Peach\,  n.  [OE.  peche,  peshe,  OF  pesche  F.  p[^e]che, 
  fr  LL  persia,  L.  Persicum  (sc.  malum)  a  Persian  apple,  a 
  peach.  Cf  {Persian},  and  {Parsee}.]  (Bot.) 
  A  well-known  high-flavored  juicy  fruit,  containing  one  or  two 
  seeds  in  a  hard  almond-like  endocarp  or  stone;  also  the  tree 
  which  bears  it  ({Prunus,  or  Amygdalus  Persica}).  In  the  wild 
  stock  the  fruit  is  hard  and  inedible. 
 
  {Guinea},  or  {Sierra  Leone},  {peach},  the  large  edible  berry 
  of  the  {Sarcocephalus  esculentus},  a  rubiaceous  climbing 
  shrub  of  west  tropical  Africa. 
 
  {Palm  peach},  the  fruit  of  a  Venezuelan  palm  tree  ({Bactris 
  speciosa}). 
 
  {Peach  color},  the  pale  red  color  of  the  peach  blossom. 
 
  {Peach-tree  borer}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  a  clearwing  moth 
  ({[AE]geria,  or  Sannina  exitiosa})  of  the  family 
  {[AE]geriid[ae]},  which  is  very  destructive  to  peach  trees 
  by  boring  in  the  wood,  usually  near  the  ground;  also  the 
  moth  itself  See  Illust.  under  {Borer}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guinea  \Guin"ea\  (g[i^]n"[-e]),  n. 
  1.  A  district  on  the  west  coast  of  Africa  (formerly  noted  for 
  its  export  of  gold  and  slaves)  after  which  the  Guinea 
  fowl,  Guinea  grass,  Guinea  peach,  etc.,  are  named 
 
  2.  A  gold  coin  of  England  current  for  twenty-one  shillings 
  sterling,  or  about  five  dollars,  but  not  coined  since  the 
  issue  of  sovereigns  in  1817. 
 
  The  guinea,  so  called  from  the  Guinea  gold  out  of 
  which  it  was  first  struck,  was  proclaimed  in  1663, 
  and  to  go  for  twenty  shillings;  but  it  never  went 
  for  less  than  twenty-one  shillings.  --Pinkerton. 
 
  {Guinea  corn}.  (Bot.)  See  {Durra}. 
 
  {Guinea  Current}  (Geog.),  a  current  in  the  Atlantic  Ocean 
  setting  southwardly  into  the  Bay  of  Benin  on  the  coast  of 
  Guinea. 
 
  {Guinea  dropper}  one  who  cheats  by  dropping  counterfeit 
  guineas.  [Obs.]  --Gay. 
 
  {Guinea  fowl},  {Guinea  hen}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  African 
  gallinaceous  bird,  of  the  genus  {Numida},  allied  to  the 
  pheasants.  The  common  domesticated  species  ({N. 
  meleagris}),  has  a  colored  fleshy  horn  on  each  aide  of  the 
  head,  and  is  of  a  dark  gray  color,  variegated  with  small 
  white  spots.  The  crested  Guinea  fowl  ({N.  cristata})  is  a 
  finer  species. 
 
  {Guinea  grains}  (Bot.),  grains  of  Paradise,  or  amomum.  See 
  {Amomum}. 
 
  {Guinea  grass}  (Bot.),  a  tall  strong  forage  grass  ({Panicum 
  jumentorum})  introduced.  from  Africa  into  the  West  Indies 
  and  Southern  United  States. 
 
  {Guinea-hen  flower}  (Bot.),  a  liliaceous  flower  ({Fritillaria 
  Meleagris})  with  petals  spotted  like  the  feathers  of  the 
  Guinea  hen. 
 
  {Guinea  peach}.  See  under  {Peach}. 
 
  {Guinea  pepper}  (Bot.),  the  pods  of  the  {Xylopia  aromatica}, 
  a  tree  of  the  order  {Anonace[ae]},  found  in  tropical  West 
  Africa.  They  are  also  sold  under  the  name  of  {Piper 
  [AE]thiopicum}. 
 
  {Guinea  pig}.  [Prob.  a  mistake  for  Guiana  pig.] 
  a  (Zo["o]l.)  A  small  Brazilian  rodent  ({Cavia  cobaya}), 
  about  seven  inches  in  length  and  usually  of  a  white 
  color,  with  spots  of  orange  and  black. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  guinea 
  n  1:  a  former  British  gold  coin  worth  21  chillings 
  2:  ethnic  slur;  offensive  terms  for  a  person  of  Italian  descent 
  [syn:  {wop},  {dago},  {Guinea},  {greaseball}] 
  3:  a  republic  in  eastern  Africa  on  the  Atlantic;  formerly  a 
  French  colony  [syn:  {Guinea},  {French  Guinea}] 
  4:  W  African  bird  having  dark  plumage  mottled  with  white; 
  native  to  Africa  but  raised  for  food  in  many  parts  of  the 
  world  [syn:  {guinea  fowl},  {Numida  meleagris}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Guinea 
 
  Guinea:Geography 
 
  Location:  Western  Africa,  bordering  the  North  Atlantic  Ocean,  between 
  Guinea-Bissau  and  Sierra  Leone 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  245,860  sq  km 
  land  area:  245,860  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  smaller  than  Oregon 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  3,399  km  Guinea-Bissau  386  km  Cote  d'Ivoire 
  610  km  Liberia  563  km  Mali  858  km  Senegal  330  km  Sierra  Leone  652 
  km 
 
  Coastline:  320  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  generally  hot  and  humid;  monsoonal-type  rainy  season  (June  to 
  November)  with  southwesterly  winds;  dry  season  (December  to  May)  with 
  northeasterly  harmattan  winds 
 
  Terrain:  generally  flat  coastal  plain,  hilly  to  mountainous  interior 
 
  Natural  resources:  bauxite,  iron  ore,  diamonds,  gold,  uranium, 
  hydropower  fish 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  6% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  12% 
  forest  and  woodland:  42% 
  other:  40% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  240  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  deforestation;  inadequate  supplies  of  potable  water; 
  desertification  soil  contamination  and  erosion;  overfishing 
  natural  hazards:  hot,  dry,  dusty  harmattan  haze  may  reduce  visibility 
  during  dry  season 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Wetlands; 
  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Desertification 
 
  Guinea:People 
 
  Population:  6,549,336  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  44%  (female  1,450,501;  male  1,448,164) 
  15-64  years:  53%  (female  1,784,420;  male  1,691,502) 
  65  years  and  over:  3%  (female  102,735;  male  72,014)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.43%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  43.43  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  19.13  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  NA  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  note:  Guinea  has  received  about  400,000  refugees  from  the  civil  wars 
  in  Liberia  and  Sierra  Leone;  the  continued  fighting  in  Sierra  Leone 
  will  likely  drive  more  refugees  into  Guinea  in  1995;  on  the  other 
  hand,  peace  may  be  achieved  in  Liberia  and  permit  Liberian  refugees  to 
  return  home 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  136.6  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  44.6  years 
  male:  42.31  years 
  female:  46.95  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  5.79  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Guinean(s) 
  adjective:  Guinean 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Peuhl  40%,  Malinke  30%,  Soussou  20%,  smaller  tribes 
  10% 
 
  Religions:  Muslim  85%,  Christian  8%,  indigenous  beliefs  7% 
 
  Languages:  French  (official);  each  tribe  has  its  own  language 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990  est.) 
  total  population:  24% 
  male:  35% 
  female:  13% 
 
  Labor  force:  2.4  million  (1983) 
  by  occupation:  agriculture  80.0%,  industry  and  commerce  11.0%, 
  services  5.4%,  civil  servants  3.6% 
 
  Guinea:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Guinea 
  conventional  short  form:  Guinea 
  local  long  form:  Republique  de  Guinee 
  local  short  form:  Guinee 
  former:  French  Guinea 
 
  Digraph:  GV 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Conakry 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  33  administrative  regions  (regions 
  administratives,  singular  -  region  administrative);  Beyla  Boffa, 
  Boke,  Conakry,  Coyah,  Dabola,  Dalaba,  Dinguiraye  Faranah  Forecariah 
  Fria,  Gaoual  Gueckedou  Kankan,  Kerouane  Kindia,  Kissidougou 
  Koubia  Koundara  Kouroussa  Labe,  Lelouma  Lola,  Macenta,  Mali, 
  Mamou,  Mandiana  Nzerekore  Pita,  Siguiri  Telimele  Tougue,  Yomou 
 
  Independence:  2  October  1958  (from  France) 
 
  National  holiday:  Anniversary  of  the  Second  Republic,  3  April  (1984) 
 
  Constitution:  23  December  1990  (Loi  Fundamentale) 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  French  civil  law  system,  customary  law,  and 
  decree;  legal  codes  currently  being  revised  has  not  accepted 
  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  Lansana  CONTE, 
  elected  in  the  first  multi-party  election  19  December  1993;  prior  to 
  the  election  he  had  ruled  as  head  of  military  government  since  5  April 
  1984 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  by  the  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  People's  National  Assembly  (Assemblee  Nationale  Populaire):  the 
  People's  National  Assembly  was  dissolved  after  the  3  April  1984  coup; 
  framework  established  in  December  1991  for  a  new  National  Assembly 
  with  114  seats;  legislative  elections,  tentatively  scheduled  for  1994, 
  were  not  held  and  are  now  rescheduled  for  11  June  1995 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Court  of  Appeal  (Cour  d'Appel) 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  political  parties  were  legalized  on  1 
  April  1992 
  pro-government:  Party  for  Unity  and  Progress  (PUP) 
  other:  Rally  for  the  Guinean  People  (RPG),  Alpha  CONDE;  Union  for  a 
  New  Republic  (UNR),  Mamadou  BAH;  Party  for  Renewal  and  Progress  (PRP), 
  Siradiou  DIALLO;  Movement  of  Patriotic  Democrats  (MDP),  Ahmed  Tidiane 
  CISSE 
 
  Member  of:  ACCT,  ACP,  AfDB  CCC,  CEAO  (observer),  ECA,  ECOWAS  FAO, 
  G-77,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICRM,  IDA,  IDB,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  MINURSO  NAM,  OAU,  OIC,  UN  UNCTAD 
  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Elhadj  Boubacar  BARRY 
  chancery:  2112  Leroy  Place  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  483-9420 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  483-8688 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Joseph  A.  SALOOM  III 
  embassy:  2nd  Boulevard  and  9th  Avenue,  Conakry 
  mailing  address:  B.  P.  603,  Conakry 
  telephone:  [224]  44  15  20  through  44  15  23 
  FAX:  [224]  44  15  22 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  vertical  bands  of  red  (hoist  side),  yellow,  and 
  green;  uses  the  popular  pan-African  colors  of  Ethiopia;  similar  to  the 
  flag  of  Rwanda,  which  has  a  large  black  letter  R  centered  in  the 
  yellow  band 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Although  possessing  major  mineral  and  hydropower  resources 
  and  considerable  potential  for  agricultural  development,  Guinea 
  remains  one  of  the  poorest  countries  in  the  world.  The  agricultural 
  sector  contributes  about  40%  to  GDP  and  employs  80%  of  the  work  force, 
  while  industry  accounts  for  27%  of  GDP.  Guinea  possesses  over  25%  of 
  the  world's  bauxite  reserves.  The  mining  sector  accounted  for  85%  of 
  exports  in  1991.  Long-run  improvements  in  literacy,  financial 
  institutions,  and  the  legal  framework  are  needed  if  the  country  is  to 
  move  out  of  poverty.  Except  in  the  bauxite  industry,  foreign 
  investment  remains  minimal. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $6.3  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  0.8%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $980  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  16.6%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  NA% 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $449  million 
  expenditures:  $708  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $361 
  million  (1990  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $622  million  (f.o.b.,  1992  est.) 
  commodities:  bauxite,  alumina,  diamonds,  gold,  coffee,  pineapples, 
  bananas,  palm  kernels 
  partners:  US  23%,  Belgium  12%,  Ireland  12%,  Spain  12% 
 
  Imports:  $768  million  (c.i.f.,  1992  est.) 
  commodities:  petroleum  products,  metals,  machinery,  transport 
  equipment,  foodstuffs,  textiles,  and  other  grain 
  partners:  France  26%,  Cote  d'Ivoire  12%,  Hong  Kong  6%,  Germany  6% 
 
  External  debt:  2.5  billion  (1992) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA%;  accounts  for  27%  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  180,000  kW 
  production:  520  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  77  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  mining  -  bauxite,  gold,  diamonds;  alumina  refining;  light 
  manufacturing  and  agricultural  processing  industries 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  40%  of  GDP  (includes  fishing  and  forestry); 
  mostly  subsistence  farming;  principal  products  -  rice,  coffee, 
  pineapples,  palm  kernels,  cassava,  bananas,  sweet  potatoes,  timber; 
  livestock  -  cattle,  sheep  and  goats;  not  self-sufficient  in  food 
  grains 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $227  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $1.465  billion;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $120  million; 
  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $446  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Guinean  franc  FG  =  100  centimes 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Guinean  francs  FG  per  US$1  -  810.94  (1  July  1993), 
  922.9  (30  September  1992),  675  (1990),  618  (1989),  515  (1988),  440 
  (1987),  383  (1986) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Guinea:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  1,048  km 
  standard  gauge:  241  km  1.435-m  gauge 
  narrow  gauge:  807  km  1.000-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  30,100  km 
  paved:  1,145  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  crushed  stone  12,955  km  (of  which  barely  4,500  are 
  currently  all-weather  roads);  unimproved  earth  16,000  km  (1987) 
 
  Inland  waterways:  1,295  km  navigable  by  shallow-draft  native  craft 
 
  Ports:  Boke,  Conakry,  Kamsar 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  15 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  7 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  3 
 
  Guinea:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  15,000  telephones;  poor  to  fair  system  of  open-wire 
  lines,  small  radiocommunication  stations,  and  new  radio  relay  system 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay  and  radio  communication  stations 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  3,  FM  1,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  200,000 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  1 
  televisions:  65,000 
 
  Guinea:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Army,  Navy  (acts  primarily  as  a  coast  guard),  Air  Force, 
  Republican  Guard,  Presidential  Guard,  paramilitary  National 
  Gendarmerie,  National  Police  Force  (Surete  National) 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  1,478,653;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  745,990  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $50  million,  1.6%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 
 
 
 




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