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gum

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gum


  7  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Kauri  resin  \Kauri  resin\,  gum  \gum\,  or  copal  \copal\ 
  A  resinous  product  of  the  kauri,  found  in  the  form  of  yellow 
  or  brown  lumps  in  the  ground  where  the  trees  have  grown.  It 
  is  used  for  making  varnish,  and  as  a  substitute  for  amber. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gum  \Gum\,  n.  [OE.  gome,  AS  gama  palate;  akin  Co  G.  gaumen 
  OHG.  goumo  guomo,  Icel.  g?mr,  Sw  gom;  cf  Gr  ?  to  gape.] 
  The  dense  tissues  which  invest  the  teeth,  and  cover  the 
  adjacent  parts  of  the  jaws. 
 
  {Gum  rash}  (Med.),  strophulus  in  a  teething  child;  red  gum. 
 
 
  {Gum  stick},  a  smooth  hard  substance  for  children  to  bite 
  upon  while  teething. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gum  \Gum\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &.  p.  {Gummed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Gumming}.] 
  To  smear  with  gum;  to  close  with  gum;  to  unite  or  stiffen  by 
  gum  or  a  gumlike  substance;  to  make  sticky  with  a  gumlike 
  substance. 
 
  He  frets  likke  a  gummed  velvet.Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gum  \Gum\,  v.  i. 
  To  exude  or  from  gum;  to  become  gummy. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gum  \Gum\,  v.  t. 
  To  deepen  and  enlarge  the  spaces  between  the  teeth  of  (a  worn 
  saw).  See  {Gummer}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gum  \Gum\,  n.  [OE.  gomme,  gumme,  F.  gomme,  L.  gummi  and  commis, 
  fr  Gr  ?,  prob.  from  an  Egyptian  form  kam?;  cf  It 
  {gomma}.] 
  1.  A  vegetable  secretion  of  many  trees  or  plants  that  hardens 
  when  it  exudes,  but  is  soluble  in  water;  as  gum  arabic; 
  gum  tragacanth;  the  gum  of  the  cherry  tree.  Also  with 
  less  propriety,  exudations  that  are  not  soluble  in  water; 
  as  gum  copal  and  gum  sandarac,  which  are  really  resins. 
 
  2.  (Bot.)  See  {Gum  tree},  {below}. 
 
  3.  A  hive  made  of  a  section  of  a  hollow  gum  tree;  hence  any 
  roughly  made  hive;  also  a  vessel  or  bin  made  of  a  hollow 
  log  [Southern  U.  S.] 
 
  4.  A  rubber  overshoe.  [Local,  U.  S.] 
 
  {Black  gum},  {Blue  gum},  {British  gum},  etc  See  under 
  {Black},  {Blue},  etc 
 
  {Gum  Acaroidea},  the  resinous  gum  of  the  Australian  grass 
  tree  ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}). 
 
  {Gum  animal}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  galago  of  West  Africa;  --  so 
  called  because  it  feeds  on  gums.  See  {Galago}. 
 
  {Gum  animi  or  anim['e]}.  See  {Anim['e]}. 
 
  {Gum  arabic},  a  gum  yielded  mostly  by  several  species  of 
  {Acacia}  (chiefly  {A.  vera}  and  {A.  Arabica})  growing  in 
  Africa  and  Southern  Asia;  --  called  also  {gum  acacia}. 
  East  Indian  gum  arabic  comes  from  a  tree  of  the  Orange 
  family  which  bears  the  elephant  apple. 
 
  {Gum  butea},  a  gum  yielded  by  the  Indian  plants  {Butea 
  frondosa}  and  {B.  superba},  and  used  locally  in  tanning 
  and  in  precipitating  indigo. 
 
  {Gum  cistus},  a  plant  of  the  genus  {Cistus}  ({Cistus 
  ladaniferus}),  a  species  of  rock  rose. 
 
  {Gum  dragon}.  See  {Tragacanth}. 
 
  {Gum  elastic},  {Elastic  gum}.  See  {Caoutchouc}. 
 
  {Gum  elemi}.  See  {Elemi}. 
 
  {Gum  juniper}.  See  {Sandarac}. 
 
  {Gum  kino}.  See  under  {Kino}. 
 
  {Gum  lac}.  See  {Lac}. 
 
  {Gum  Ladanum},  a  fragrant  gum  yielded  by  several  Oriental 
  species  of  Cistus  or  rock  rose. 
 
  {Gum  passages},  sap  receptacles  extending  through  the 
  parenchyma  of  certain  plants  ({Amygdalace[ae]}, 
  {Cactace[ae]},  etc.),  and  affording  passage  for  gum. 
 
  {Gum  pot},  a  varnish  maker's  utensil  for  melting  gum  and 
  mixing  other  ingredients. 
 
  {Gum  resin},  the  milky  juice  of  a  plant  solidified  by 
  exposure  to  air;  one  of  certain  inspissated  saps,  mixtures 
  of  or  having  properties  of  gum  and  resin;  a  resin 
  containing  more  or  less  mucilaginous  and  gummy  matter. 
 
  {Gum  sandarac}.  See  {Sandarac}. 
 
  {Gum  Senegal},  a  gum  similar  to  gum  arabic,  yielded  by  trees 
  ({Acacia  Verek}  and  {A.  Adansoni["a]})  growing  in  the 
  Senegal  country,  West  Africa. 
 
  {Gum  tragacanth}.  See  {Tragacanth}. 
 
  {Gum  tree},  the  name  given  to  several  trees  in  America  and 
  Australia: 
  a  The  black  gum  ({Nyssa  multiflora}),  one  of  the  largest 
  trees  of  the  Southern  States,  bearing  a  small  blue 
  fruit,  the  favorite  food  of  the  opossum.  Most  of  the 
  large  trees  become  hollow. 
  b  A  tree  of  the  genus  {Eucalyptus.}  See  {Eucalpytus.} 
  c  The  sweet  gum  tree  of  the  United  States  ({Liquidambar 
  styraciflua}),  a  large  and  beautiful  tree  with 
  pointedly  lobed  leaves  and  woody  burlike  fruit.  It 
  exudes  an  aromatic  terebinthine  juice. 
 
  {Gum  water},  a  solution  of  gum,  esp.  of  gum  arabic,  in  water. 
 
 
  {Gum  wood},  the  wood  of  any  gum  tree,  esp.  the  wood  of  the 
  {Eucalyptus  piperita},  of  New  South  Wales. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  gum 
  n  1:  a  preparation  (usually  made  of  sweetened  chicle)  for  chewing 
  [syn:  {chewing  gum}] 
  2:  the  tissue  (covered  by  mucous  membrane)  of  the  jaws  that 
  surrounds  the  bases  of  the  teeth  [syn:  {gingiva}] 
  3:  any  of  various  substances  (soluble  in  water)  that  exude  from 
  certain  plants;  they  are  gelatinous  when  moist  but  harden 
  on  drying 
  4:  a  strong  liquid  cement  [syn:  {glue},  {mucilage}] 
  5:  wood  or  lumber  from  any  of  various  gum  trees  especially  the 
  sweet  gum  [syn:  {gumwood}] 
  6:  any  of  various  trees  of  the  genera  Eucalyptus  or  Liquidambar 
  or  Nyssa  that  are  sources  of  gum  [syn:  {gum  tree}] 
  v  1:  grind  with  the  gums;  chew  without  teeth  and  with  great 
  difficulty;  of  babies  and  old  people  [syn:  {mumble}] 
  2:  exude  or  from  gum;  of  certain  trees 




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