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guyana

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guyana


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Guyana 
  n  :  a  republic  in  northeastern  South  America  [syn:  {Guyana},  {British 
  Guiana}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Guyana 
 
  Guyana:Geography 
 
  Location:  Northern  South  America,  bordering  the  North  Atlantic  Ocean, 
  between  Suriname  and  Venezuela 
 
  Map  references:  South  America 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  214,970  sq  km 
  land  area:  196,850  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  smaller  than  Idaho 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  2,462  km  Brazil  1,119  km  Suriname  600  km 
  Venezuela  743  km 
 
  Coastline:  459  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  200  nm  or  to  the  outer  edge  of  the  continental 
  margin 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  all  of  the  area  west  of  the  Essequibo  River 
  claimed  by  Venezuela;  Suriname  claims  area  between  New  (Upper 
  Courantyne)  and  Courantyne/Kutari  Rivers  (all  headwaters  of  the 
  Courantyne) 
 
  Climate:  tropical;  hot,  humid,  moderated  by  northeast  trade  winds;  two 
  rainy  seasons  (May  to  mid-August,  mid-November  to  mid-January) 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  rolling  highlands;  low  coastal  plain;  savanna  in  south 
 
  Natural  resources:  bauxite,  gold,  diamonds,  hardwood  timber,  shrimp, 
  fish 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  3% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  6% 
  forest  and  woodland:  83% 
  other:  8% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  1,300  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  water  pollution  from  sewage  and  agricultural  and 
  industrial  chemicals;  deforestation 
  natural  hazards:  flash  floods  are  a  constant  threat  during  rainy 
  seasons 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Tropical 
  Timber  83 
 
  Guyana:People 
 
  Population:  723,774  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  33%  (female  118,515;  male  123,048) 
  15-64  years:  62%  (female  224,484;  male  225,543) 
  65  years  and  over:  5%  (female  17,540;  male  14,644)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  -0.81%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  19.41  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  7.34  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -20.19  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  47.7  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  65.1  years 
  male:  61.86  years 
  female:  68.5  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.23  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Guyanese  (singular  and  plural) 
  adjective:  Guyanese 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  East  Indian  51%,  black  and  mixed  43%,  Amerindian  4%, 
  European  and  Chinese  2% 
 
  Religions:  Christian  57%,  Hindu  33%,  Muslim  9%,  other  1% 
 
  Languages:  English,  Amerindian  dialects 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  has  ever  attended  school  (1990  est.) 
  total  population:  96% 
  male:  98% 
  female:  95% 
 
  Labor  force:  268,000 
  by  occupation:  industry  and  commerce  44.5%,  agriculture  33.8%, 
  services  21.7% 
  note:  public-sector  employment  amounts  to  60%-80%  of  the  total  labor 
  force  (1985) 
 
  Guyana:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Co-operative  Republic  of  Guyana 
  conventional  short  form:  Guyana 
  former:  British  Guiana 
 
  Digraph:  GY 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Georgetown 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  10  regions;  Barima-Waini,  Cuyuni-Mazaruni, 
  Demerara-Mahaica,  East  Berbice-Corentyne,  Essequibo  Islands-West 
  Demerara,  Mahaica-Berbice,  Pomeroon-Supenaam,  Potaro-Siparuni,  Upper 
  Demerara-Berbice,  Upper  Takutu-Upper  Essequibo 
 
  Independence:  26  May  1966  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Republic  Day  23  February  (1970) 
 
  Constitution:  6  October  1980 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law  with  certain  admixtures  of 
  Roman-Dutch  law;  has  not  accepted  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Executive  President  Cheddi  JAGAN  (since  5  October 
  1992);  election  last  held  5  October  1992;  results  -  Cheddi  JAGAN  was 
  elected  president  since  he  was  leader  of  the  party  with  the  most  votes 
  in  the  National  Assembly  elections 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Sam  HINDS  (since  5  October  1992) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet  of  Ministers;  appointed  by  the  president,  responsible 
  to  the  legislature 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  National  Assembly:  elections  last  held  on  5  October  1992  (next  to  be 
  held  in  1997);  results  -  PPP  53.4%,  PNC  42.3%,  WPA  2%,  TUF  1.2%;  seats 
  -  (65  total,  53  elected)  PPP  36,  PNC  26,  WPA  2,  TUF  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  of  Judicature 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  People's  Progressive  Party  (PPP), 
  Cheddi  JAGAN;  People's  National  Congress  (PNC),  Hugh  Desmond  HOYTE; 
  Good  and  Green  Georgetown  (GGG),  Hamilton  GREEN;  Working  People's 
  Alliance  (WPA),  Eusi  KWAYANA  Rupert  ROOPNARINE  Democratic  Labor 
  Movement  (DLM),  Paul  TENNASSEE;  People's  Democratic  Movement  (PDM), 
  Llewellyn  JOHN;  National  Democratic  Front  (NDF),  Joseph  BACCHUS;  The 
  United  Force  (TUF),  Manzoor  NADIR;  United  Republican  Party  (URP), 
  Leslie  RAMSAMMY  National  Republican  Party  (NRP),  Robert  GANGADEEN 
  Guyana  Labor  Party  (GLP),  Nanda  GOPAUL 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Trades  Union  Congress  (TUC); 
  Guyana  Council  of  Indian  Organizations  (GCIO);  Civil  Liberties  Action 
  Committee  (CLAC) 
  note:  the  latter  two  organizations  are  small  and  active  but  not  well 
  organized 
 
  Member  of:  ACP,  C,  CARICOM  CCC,  CDB,  ECLAC  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  IADB, 
  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICFTU  ICRM,  IDA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INTELSAT  (nonsignatory  user),  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  LAES,  NAM,  OAS, 
  ONUSAL  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WMO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Dr  Ali  Odeen  ISHMAEL 
  chancery:  2490  Tracy  Place  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  265-6900,  6901 
  consulate(s)  general:  New  York 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  George  F.  JONES 
  embassy:  99-100  Young  and  Duke  Streets,  Kingston,  Georgetown 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  10507,  Georgetown 
  telephone:  [592]  (2)  54900  through  54909,  57960  through  57969 
  FAX:  [592]  (2)  58497 
 
  Flag:  green  with  a  red  isosceles  triangle  (based  on  the  hoist  side) 
  superimposed  on  a  long  yellow  arrowhead;  there  is  a  narrow  black 
  border  between  the  red  and  yellow,  and  a  narrow  white  border  between 
  the  yellow  and  the  green 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Guyana,  one  of  the  poorest  countries  in  the  Western 
  Hemisphere,  has  pushed  ahead  strongly  in  1992-94,  with  an  8%  average 
  annual  economic  growth  rate,  led  by  gold  mining,  and  rice,  sugar,  and 
  forestry  products  for  export.  Favorable  factors  include  recovery  in 
  the  key  agricultural  and  mining  sectors,  a  more  favorable  atmosphere 
  for  business  initiative,  a  more  realistic  exchange  rate,  a  sharp  drop 
  in  the  inflation  rate,  and  the  continued  support  of  international 
  organizations.  Serious  underlying  economic  problems  will  continue. 
  Electric  power  has  been  in  short  supply  and  constitutes  a  major 
  barrier  to  future  gains  in  national  output.  The  government  will  have 
  to  persist  in  efforts  to  manage  its  large  $2.2  billion  external  debt, 
  control  inflation,  and  to  extend  the  privatization  program. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $1.4  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  8.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $1,950  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  15.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  12%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $23.7  million 
  expenditures:  $19.6  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1994  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $475  million  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  sugar,  bauxite/alumina,  rice,  shrimp,  molasses 
  partners:  UK  33%,  US  31%,  Canada  9%,  France  5%,  Japan  3%  (1992) 
 
  Imports:  $456  million  (c.i.f.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  manufactures,  machinery,  petroleum,  food 
  partners:  US  37%,  Trinidad  and  Tobago  13%,  UK  11%,  Italy  8%,  Japan  5% 
  (1992) 
 
  External  debt:  $2.2  billion  (1994  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  5.6%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  110,000  kW 
  production:  230  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  286  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  bauxite  mining,  sugar,  rice  milling,  timber,  fishing 
  (shrimp),  textiles,  gold  mining 
 
  Agriculture:  most  important  sector,  accounting  for  25%  of  GDP  and 
  about  half  of  exports;  sugar  and  rice  are  key  crops;  development 
  potential  exists  for  fishing  and  forestry;  not  self-sufficient  in 
  food,  especially  wheat,  vegetable  oils,  and  animal  products 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  transshipment  point  for  narcotics  from  South  America  - 
  primarily  Venezuela  -  to  the  US  and  Europe;  producer  of  cannabis 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $116  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $325  million;  Communist  countries  1970-89,  $242  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Guyanese  dollar  (G$)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Guyanese  dollars  (G$)  per  US$1  -  142.7  (January  1995), 
  138.3  (1994),  126.7  (1993),  125.0  (1992),  111.8  (1991),  39.533  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Guyana:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  100  km  NA-m  gauge  industrial  lines  for  the  transport  of 
  minerals,  including  bauxite 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  7,665  km 
  paved:  550  km 
  unpaved:  gravel  5,000  km  earth  2,115  km 
 
  Inland  waterways:  6,000  km  total  of  navigable  waterways;  Berbice, 
  Demerara,  and  Essequibo  Rivers  are  navigable  by  oceangoing  vessels  for 
  150  km  100  km  and  80  km  respectively 
 
  Ports:  Bartica  Georgetown,  Linden,  New  Amsterdam,  Parika 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  1  cargo  ship  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  1,317  GRT/2,558  DWT 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  54 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  34 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  14 
 
  Guyana:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  over  27,000  telephones;  fair  system  for  long 
  distance  calling 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay  network  for  trunk  lines 
  international:  tropospheric  scatter  link  to  Trinidad;  1  INTELSAT 
  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  4,  FM  3,  shortwave  1 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  0 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Guyana:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Guyana  Defense  Force  (GDF;  includes  Ground  Forces,  Coast 
  Guard,  and  Air  Corps),  Guyana  People's  Militia  (GPM),  Guyana  National 
  Service  (GNS) 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  198,665;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  150,573  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  $NA,  NA%  of  GDP 
 
 
 




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