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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  fortress,  the  capital  of  one  of  the  kingdoms  of  Upper  Syria  of 
  the  same  name  on  the  Orontes  in  the  valley  of  Lebanon,  at  the 
  northern  boundary  of  Palestine  (Num.  13:21;  34:8),  at  the  foot 
  of  Hermon  (Josh.  13:5)  towards  Damascus  (Zech.  9:2;  Jer.  49:23). 
  It  is  called  "Hamath  the  great"  in  Amos  6:2,  and  "Hamath-zobah" 
  in  2  Chr.  8:3. 
  Hamath,  now  Hamah,  had  an  Aramaean  population,  but  Hittite 
  monuments  discovered  there  show  that  it  must  have  been  at  one 
  time  occupied  by  the  Hittites.  It  was  among  the  conquests  of  the 
  Pharaoh  Thothmes  III.  Its  king,  Tou  or  Toi,  made  alliance  with 
  David  (2  Sam.  8:10),  and  in  B.C.  740  Azariah  formed  a  league 
  with  it  against  Assyria.  It  was  however,  conquered  by  the 
  Assyrians,  and  its  nineteen  districts  placed  under  Assyrian 
  governors.  In  B.C.  720  it  revolted  under  a  certain  Yahu-bihdi, 
  whose  name  compounded  with  that  of  the  God  of  Israel  (Yahu), 
  perhaps  shows  that  he  was  of  Jewish  origin.  But  the  revolt  was 
  suppressed,  and  the  people  of  Hamath  were  transported  to  Samaria 
  (2  Kings  17:24,  30),  where  they  continued  to  worship  their  god 
  Ashima.  Hamah  is  beautifully  situated  on  the  Orontes  32  miles 
  north  of  Emesa,  and  36  south  of  the  ruins  of  Assamea 
  The  kingdom  of  Hamath  comprehended  the  great  plain  lying  on 
  both  banks  of  the  Orontes  from  the  fountain  near  Riblah  to 
  Assamea  on  the  north,  and  from  Lebanon  on  the  west  to  the  desert 
  on  the  east.  The  "entrance  of  Hamath"  (Num.  34:8),  which  was  the 
  north  boundary  of  Palestine,  led  from  the  west  between  the  north 
  end  of  Lebanon  and  the  Nusairiyeh  mountains. 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Hamath,  anger;  heat;  a  wall