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heave

## heave

```  5  definitions  found

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Fault  \Fault\,  n.
1.  (Elec.)  A  defective  point  in  an  electric  circuit  due  to  a
crossing  of  the  parts  of  the  conductor,  or  to  contact  with
another  conductor  or  the  earth,  or  to  a  break  in  the
circuit.

2.  (Geol.  &  Mining)  A  dislocation  caused  by  a  slipping  of
rock  masses  along  a  plane  of  facture;  also  the  dislocated
structure  resulting  from  such  slipping.

Note:  The  surface  along  which  the  dislocated  masses  have
moved  is  called  the

{fault  plane}.  When  this  plane  is  vertical,  the  fault  is  a

{vertical  fault};  when  its  inclination  is  such  that  the
present  relative  position  of  the  two  masses  could  have
been  produced  by  the  sliding  down  along  the  fault  plane,
of  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  the  fault  is  a

{normal},  or  {gravity},  {fault}.  When  the  fault  plane  is  so
inclined  that  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  has  moved  up
relatively,  the  fault  is  then  called  a

{reverse}  (or  {reversed}),  {thrust},  or  {overthrust},
{fault}.  If  no  vertical  displacement  has  resulted,  the  fault
is  then  called  a

{horizontal  fault}.  The  linear  extent  of  the  dislocation
measured  on  the  fault  plane  and  in  the  direction  of
movement  is  the

{displacement};  the  vertical  displacement  is  the

{throw};  the  horizontal  displacement  is  the

{heave}.  The  direction  of  the  line  of  intersection  of  the
fault  plane  with  a  horizontal  plane  is  the

{trend}  of  the  fault.  A  fault  is  a

{strike  fault}  when  its  trend  coincides  approximately  with
the  strike  of  associated  strata  (i.e.,  the  line  of
intersection  of  the  plane  of  the  strata  with  a  horizontal
plane);  it  is  a

{dip  fault}  when  its  trend  is  at  right  angles  to  the  strike;
an

{oblique  fault}  when  its  trend  is  oblique  to  the  strike.
Oblique  faults  and  dip  faults  are  sometimes  called

{cross  faults}.  A  series  of  closely  associated  parallel
faults  are  sometimes  called

{step  faults}  and  sometimes

{distributive  faults}.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Heave  \Heave\,  v.  t.  [imp.  {Heaved},  or  {Hove};  p.  p.  {Heaved},
{Hove},  formerly  {Hoven};  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Heaving}.]  [OE.
heven,  hebben,  As  hebban;  akin  to  OS  hebbian,  D.  heffen
OHG.  heffan  hevan,  G.  heven,  Icel.  h["a]fva,  Dan.  h[ae]ve,
Goth.  hafjan  L.  capere  to  take  seize;  cf  Gr  ?  handle.  Cf
{Accept},  {Behoof},  {Capacious},  {Forceps},  {haft},
{Receipt}.]
1.  To  cause  to  move  upward  or  onward  by  a  lifting  effort;  to
lift;  to  raise;  to  hoist;  --  often  with  up  as  the  wave
heaved  the  boat  on  land.

One  heaved  ahigh,  to  be  hurled  down  below.  --Shak.

Note:  Heave,  as  now  used  implies  that  the  thing  raised  is
heavy  or  hard  to  move  but  formerly  it  was  used  in  a
less  restricted  sense

Here  a  little  child  I  stand  Heaving  up  my  either
hand.  --Herrick.

2.  To  throw;  to  cast;  --  obsolete,  provincial,  or  colloquial,
except  in  certain  nautical  phrases;  as  to  heave  the  lead;
to  heave  the  log

3.  To  force  from  or  into  any  position;  to  cause  to  move
also  to  throw  off  --  mostly  used  in  certain  nautical
phrases;  as  to  heave  the  ship  ahead.

4.  To  raise  or  force  from  the  breast;  to  utter  with  effort;
as  to  heave  a  sigh.

The  wretched  animal  heaved  forth  such  groans.
--Shak.

5.  To  cause  to  swell  or  rise,  as  the  breast  or  bosom.

The  glittering,  finny  swarms  That  heave  our  friths,
and  crowd  upon  our  shores.  --Thomson.

{To  heave  a  cable  short}  (Naut.),  to  haul  in  cable  till  the
ship  is  almost  perpendicularly  above  the  anchor.

{To  heave  a  ship  ahead}  (Naut.),  to  warp  her  ahead  when  not
under  sail,  as  by  means  of  cables.

{To  heave  a  ship  down}  (Naut.),  to  throw  or  lay  her  down  on
one  side  to  careen  her

{To  heave  a  ship  to}  (Naut.),  to  bring  the  ship's  head  to  the
wind,  and  stop  her  motion.

{To  heave  in}  (Naut.),  to  shorten  (cable).

{To  heave  in  stays}  (Naut.),  to  put  a  vessel  on  the  other
tack.

{To  heave  out  a  sail}  (Naut.),  to  unfurl  it

{To  heave  taut}  (Naut.),  to  turn  a

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Heave  \Heave\,  n.
1.  An  effort  to  raise  something  as  a  weight,  or  one's  self
or  to  move  something  heavy.

After  many  strains  and  heaves  He  got  up  to  his

2.  An  upward  motion;  a  rising;  a  swell  or  distention,  as  of
the  breast  in  difficult  breathing,  of  the  waves,  of  the
earth  in  an  earthquake,  and  the  like

There's  matter  in  these  sighs,  these  profound
heaves,  You  must  translate.  --Shak.

None  could  guess  whether  the  next  heave  of  the
earthquake  would  settle  .  .  .  or  swallow  them
--Dryden.

3.  (Geol.)  A  horizontal  dislocation  in  a  metallic  lode,
taking  place  at  an  intersection  with  another  lode.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Heave  \Heave\  (h[=e]v),  v.  i.
1.  To  be  thrown  up  or  raised;  to  rise  upward,  as  a  tower  or
mound.

And  the  huge  columns  heave  into  the  sky.  --Pope.

Where  heaves  the  turf  in  many  a  moldering  heap.
--Gray.

The  heaving  sods  of  Bunker  Hill.  --E.  Everett.

2.  To  rise  and  fall  with  alternate  motions,  as  the  lungs  in
heavy  breathing,  as  waves  in  a  heavy  sea,  as  ships  on  the
billows,  as  the  earth  when  broken  up  by  frost,  etc.;  to
swell;  to  dilate;  to  expand;  to  distend;  hence  to  labor;
to  struggle.

Frequent  for  breath  his  panting  bosom  heaves.
--Prior.

The  heaving  plain  of  ocean.  --Byron.

3.  To  make  an  effort  to  raise,  throw,  or  move  anything  to
strain  to  do  something  difficult.

The  Church  of  England  had  struggled  and  heaved  at  a
reformation  ever  since  Wyclif's  days.  --Atterbury.

4.  To  make  an  effort  to  vomit;  to  retch;  to  vomit.

{To  heave  at}.
a  To  make  an  effort  at
b  To  attack,  to  oppose.  [Obs.]  --Fuller.

{To  heave  in  sight}  (as  a  ship  at  sea),  to  come  in  sight;  to
appear.

{To  heave  up},  to  vomit.  [Low]

From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]:

heave
n  1:  an  upward  movement  (especially  a  rhythmical  rising  and
falling);  "the  heaving  of  waves  on  a  rough  sea"  [syn:  {heaving}]
2:  (geology)  a  horizontal  dislocation
3:  the  act  of  lifting  something  with  great  effort  [syn:  {heaving}]
4:  the  act  of  raising  something  "he  responded  with  a  lift  of
his  eyebrow";  "fireman  learn  several  different  raises  for
getting  ladders  up"  [syn:  {lift},  {raise},  {elevation}]
5:  throwing  something  heavy  (with  great  effort);  "he  gave  it  a
mighty  heave";  "he  was  not  good  at  heaving  passes"  [syn:  {heaving}]
v  1:  utter  a  sound,  as  with  obvious  effort;  "She  uttered  a  sigh"
2:  throw  with  great  effort
3:  rise  and  move  as  in  waves  or  billows;  "The  army  surged
forward"  [syn:  {billow},  {surge}]
4:  lift  with  difficulty  [syn:  {heave  up},  {heft},  {heft  up}]
5:  nautical:  to  move  or  cause  to  move  in  a  specified  way
direction,  or  position:  "The  vessel  hove  into  sight"
6:  breathe  noisily,  as  when  one  is  exhausted;  "The  runners
reached  the  finish  line  panting  heavily"  [syn:  {pant},  {puff},
{gasp}]
7:  bend  out  of  shape,  as  under  pressure  or  from  heat;  "The
highway  buckled  during  the  heatwave"  [syn:  {buckle},  {warp}]
8:  choke,  retch,  or  have  a  spasm  causing  one  to  regurgitate
[syn:  {gag}]
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