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hell

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hell


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hell  \Hell\,  n.  [AS.  hell;  akin  to  D.  hel,  OHG.  hella,  G. 
  h["o]lle,  Icel.  hal,  Sw  helfvete  Dan.  helvede,  Goth.  halja, 
  and  to  AS  helan  to  conceal.  ???.  Cf  {Hele},  v.  t., 
  {Conceal},  {Cell},  {Helmet},  {Hole},  {Occult}.] 
  1.  The  place  of  the  dead,  or  of  souls  after  death;  the  grave; 
  --  called  in  Hebrew  sheol,  and  by  the  Greeks  hades. 
 
  He  descended  into  hell.  --Book  of 
  Common  Prayer. 
 
  Thou  wilt  not  leave  my  soul  in  hell.  --Ps.  xvi.  10. 
 
  2.  The  place  or  state  of  punishment  for  the  wicked  after 
  death;  the  abode  of  evil  spirits.  Hence  any  mental 
  torment;  anguish.  ``Within  him  hell.''  --Milton. 
 
  It  is  a  knell  That  summons  thee  to  heaven  or  to 
  hell.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  A  place  where  outcast  persons  or  things  are  gathered;  as: 
  a  A  dungeon  or  prison;  also  in  certain  running  games,  a 
  place  to  which  those  who  are  caught  are  carried  for 
  detention. 
  b  A  gambling  house.  ``A  convenient  little  gambling  hell 
  for  those  who  had  grown  reckless.''  --W.  Black. 
  c  A  place  into  which  a  tailor  throws  his  shreds,  or  a 
  printer  his  broken  type  --Hudibras. 
 
  {Gates  of  hell}.  (Script.)  See  {Gate},  n.,  4. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hell  \Hell\,  v.  t. 
  To  overwhelm.  [Obs.]  --Spenser. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Hell 
  n  1:  (Christianity)  the  abode  of  Satan  and  the  forces  of  evil; 
  where  sinners  suffer  eternal  punishment:  "Hurl'd 
  headlong...To  bottomless  perdition,  there  to  dwell"- 
  John  Milton;  "a  demon  from  the  depths  of  the  pit"  [syn: 
  {Hell},  {perdition},  {Inferno},  {infernal  region},  {nether 
  region},  {the  pit}]  [ant:  {Heaven}] 
  2:  any  place  of  pain  and  turmoil:  "the  hell  of  battle";  "the 
  inferno  of  the  engine  room";  "when  you're  alone  Christmas 
  is  the  pits";  [syn:  {hell  on  earth},  {the  pits},  {inferno}] 
  3:  (in  various  religions)  the  world  of  the  dead;  "he  didn't 
  want  to  go  to  hell  when  he  died"  [syn:  {Hel},  {Hell},  {Hades}, 
  {infernal  region},  {netherworld},  {Scheol},  {underworld}] 
  4:  a  cause  of  difficulty  and  suffering;  "war  is  hell";  "go  to 
  blazes"  [syn:  {blaze}] 
  5:  (colloquial)  violent  and  excited  activity;  "they  began  to 
  fight  like  sin"  [syn:  {sin}] 
  6:  noisy  and  unrestrained  mischief;  "raising  blazes"  [syn:  {blaze}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Hell 
  derived  from  the  Saxon  helan,  to  cover;  hence  the  covered  or  the 
  invisible  place  In  Scripture  there  are  three  words  so  rendered: 
 
  (1.)  Sheol,  occurring  in  the  Old  Testament  sixty-five  times. 
  This  word  sheol  is  derived  from  a  root-word  meaning  "to  ask," 
  "demand;"  hence  insatiableness  (Prov.  30:15,  16).  It  is  rendered 
  grave"  thirty-one  times  (Gen.  37:35;  42:38;  44:29,  31;  1  Sam. 
  2:6,  etc.).  The  Revisers  have  retained  this  rendering  in  the 
  historical  books  with  the  original  word  in  the  margin,  while  in 
  the  poetical  books  they  have  reversed  this  rule 
 
  In  thirty-one  cases  in  the  Authorized  Version  this  word  is 
  rendered  "hell,"  the  place  of  disembodied  spirits.  The 
  inhabitants  of  sheol  are  "the  congregation  of  the  dead"  (Prov. 
  21:16).  It  is  a  the  abode  of  the  wicked  (Num.  16:33;  Job 
  24:19;  Ps  9:17;  31:17,  etc.);  b  of  the  good  (Ps.  16:10;  30:3; 
  49:15;  86:13,  etc.). 
 
  Sheol  is  described  as  deep  (Job  11:8),  dark  (10:21,  22),  with 
  bars  (17:16).  The  dead  "go  down"  to  it  (Num.  16:30,  33;  Ezek. 
  31:15,  16,  17). 
 
  (2.)  The  Greek  word  hades  of  the  New  Testament  has  the  same 
  scope  of  signification  as  sheol  of  the  Old  Testament.  It  is  a 
  prison  (1  Pet.  3:19),  with  gates  and  bars  and  locks  (Matt. 
  16:18;  Rev.  1:18),  and  it  is  downward  (Matt.  11:23;  Luke  10:15). 
 
  The  righteous  and  the  wicked  are  separated.  The  blessed  dead 
  are  in  that  part  of  hades  called  paradise  (Luke  23:43).  They  are 
  also  said  to  be  in  Abraham's  bosom  (Luke  16:22). 
 
  (3.)  Gehenna,  in  most  of  its  occurrences  in  the  Greek  New 
  Testament,  designates  the  place  of  the  lost  (Matt.  23:33).  The 
  fearful  nature  of  their  condition  there  is  described  in  various 
  figurative  expressions  (Matt.  8:12;  13:42;  22:13;  25:30;  Luke 
  16:24,  etc.).  (See  {HINNOM}.) 
 




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