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herma

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herma


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Herma  \Her"ma\,  n.;  pl  {Herm[ae]}.  [L.] 
  See  {Hermes}, 
 
  2. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hermes  \Her"mes\,  n.  [L.,  fr  Gr  ?.] 
  1.  (Myth.)  See  {Mercury}. 
 
  Note:  Hermes  Trismegistus  [Gr.  'Ermh^s  trisme`gistos,  lit., 
  Hermes  thrice  greatest]  was  a  late  name  of  Hermes, 
  especially  as  identified  with  the  Egyptian  god  Thoth. 
  He  was  the  fabled  inventor  of  astrology  and  alchemy. 
 
  2.  (Arch[ae]ology)  Originally,  a  boundary  stone  dedicated  to 
  Hermes  as  the  god  of  boundaries,  and  therefore  bearing  in 
  some  cases  a  head,  or  head  and  shoulders,  placed  upon  a 
  quadrangular  pillar  whose  height  is  that  of  the  body 
  belonging  to  the  head,  sometimes  having  feet  or  other 
  parts  of  the  body  sculptured  upon  it  These  figures, 
  though  often  representing  Hermes,  were  used  for  other 
  divinities,  and  even  in  later  times,  for  portraits  of 
  human  beings.  Called  also  {herma}.  See  {Terminal  statue}, 
  under  {Terminal}. 




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