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hessian

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hessian


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hessian  \Hes"sian\,  a. 
  Of  or  relating  to  Hesse,  in  Germany,  or  to  the  Hessians. 
 
  {Hessian  boots},  or  {Hessians},  boot  of  a  kind  worn  in 
  England,  in  the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth  century, 
  tasseled  in  front.  --Thackeray. 
 
  {Hessian  cloth},  or  {Hessians},  a  coarse  hempen  cloth  for 
  sacking. 
 
  {Hessian  crucible}.  See  under  {Crucible}. 
 
  {Hessian  fly}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  dipterous  fly  or  midge 
  ({Cecidomyia  destructor}).  Its  larv[ae]  live  between  the 
  base  of  the  lower  leaves  and  the  stalk  of  wheat,  and  are 
  very  destructive  to  young  wheat;  --  so  called  from  the 
  erroneous  idea  that  it  was  brought  into  America  by  the 
  Hessian  troops,  during  the  Revolution. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hessian  \Hes"sian\,  n. 
  1.  A  native  or  inhabitant  of  Hesse. 
 
  2.  A  mercenary  or  venal  person.  [U.  S.] 
 
  Note:  This  use  is  a  relic  of  the  patriot  hatred  of  the 
  Hessian  mercenaries  who  served  with  the  British  troops 
  in  the  Revolutionary  War. 
 
  3.  pl  See  {Hessian  boots}  and  cloth,  under  {Hessian},  a. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  hessian 
  n  :  (19th  century)  a  man's  high  tasseled  boot  [syn:  {Hessian 
  boot},  {jackboot},  {Wellington},  {Wellington  boot}] 




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