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hezekiah

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hezekiah


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Hezekiah 
  whom  Jehovah  has  strengthened.  (1.)  Son  of  Ahaz  (2  Kings  18:1;  2 
  Chr.  29:1),  whom  he  succeeded  on  the  throne  of  the  kingdom  of 
  Judah.  He  reigned  twenty-nine  years  (B.C.  726-697).  The  history 
  of  this  king  is  contained  in  2  Kings  18:20,  Isa.  36-39,  and  2 
  Chr.  29-32.  He  is  spoken  of  as  a  great  and  good  king.  In  public 
  life  he  followed  the  example  of  his  great-granfather  Uzziah.  He 
  set  himself  to  abolish  idolatry  from  his  kingdom,  and  among 
  other  things  which  he  did  for  this  end  he  destroyed  the  "brazen 
  serpent,"  which  had  been  removed  to  Jerusalem,  and  had  become  an 
  object  of  idolatrous  worship  (Num.  21:9).  A  great  reformation 
  was  wrought  in  the  kingdom  of  Judah  in  his  day  (2  Kings  18:4;  2 
  Chr.  29:3-36). 
 
  On  the  death  of  Sargon  and  the  accession  of  his  son 
  Sennacherib  to  the  throne  of  Assyria,  Hezekiah  refused  to  pay 
  the  tribute  which  his  father  had  paid,  and  "rebelled  against  the 
  king  of  Assyria,  and  served  him  not,"  but  entered  into  a  league 
  with  Egypt  (Isa.  30;  31;  36:6-9).  This  led  to  the  invasion  of 
  Judah  by  Sennacherib  (2  Kings  18:13-16),  who  took  forty  cities, 
  and  besieged  Jerusalem  with  mounds.  Hezekiah  yielded  to  the 
  demands  of  the  Assyrian  king,  and  agreed  to  pay  him  three 
  hundred  talents  of  silver  and  thirty  of  gold  (18:14). 
 
  But  Sennacherib  dealt  treacherously  with  Hezekiah  (Isa.  33:1), 
  and  a  second  time  within  two  years  invaded  his  kingdom  (2  Kings 
  18:17;  2  Chr.  32:9;  Isa.  36).  This  invasion  issued  in  the 
  destruction  of  Sennacherib's  army.  Hezekiah  prayed  to  God,  and 
  "that  night  the  angel  of  the  Lord  went  out  and  smote  in  the 
  camp  of  the  Assyrians  185,000  men."  Sennacherib  fled  with  the 
  shattered  remnant  of  his  forces  to  Nineveh,  where  seventeen 
  years  after  he  was  assassinated  by  his  sons  Adrammelech  and 
  Sharezer  (2  Kings  19:37).  (See  {SENNACHERIB}.) 
 
  The  narrative  of  Hezekiah's  sickness  and  miraculous  recovery 
  is  found  in  2  Kings  20:1,  2  Chr.  32:24,  Isa.  38:1.  Various 
  ambassadors  came  to  congratulate  him  on  his  recovery,  and  among 
  them  Merodach-baladan,  the  viceroy  of  Babylon  (2  Chr.  32:23;  2 
  Kings  20:12).  He  closed  his  days  in  peace  and  prosperity,  and 
  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Manasseh.  He  was  buried  in  the 
  "chiefest  of  the  sepulchres  of  the  sons  of  David"  (2  Chr. 
  32:27-33).  He  had  "after  him  none  like  him  among  all  the  kings 
  of  Judah,  nor  any  that  were  before  him"  (2  Kings  18:5).  (See  {ISAIAH}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Hezekiah,  strength  of  the  Lord 
 




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