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hieratic

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hieratic


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hieratic  \Hi`er*at"ic\,  a.  [L.  hieraticus  Gr  ?;  akin  to 
  "iero`s  sacred:  cf  F.  hi['e]ratique.] 
  Consecrated  to  sacred  uses;  sacerdotal;  pertaining  to 
  priests. 
 
  {Hieratic  character},  a  mode  of  ancient  Egyptian  writing;  a 
  modified  form  of  hieroglyphics,  tending  toward  a  cursive 
  hand  and  formerly  supposed  to  be  the  sacerdotal  character, 
  as  the  demotic  was  supposed  to  be  that  of  the  people. 
 
  It  was  a  false  notion  of  the  Greeks  that  of  the 
  three  kinds  of  writing  used  by  the  Egyptians,  two  -- 
  for  that  reason  called  hieroglyphic  and  hieratic  -- 
  were  employed  only  for  sacred,  while  the  third  the 
  demotic,  was  employed  for  secular,  purposes.  No  such 
  distinction  is  discoverable  on  the  more  ancient 
  Egyptian  monuments;  bur  we  retain  the  old  names 
  founded  on  misapprehension.  --W.  H.  Ward 
  (Johnson's 
  Cyc.). 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  hieratic 
  adj  1:  associated  with  the  priesthood  or  priests;  "priestly  (or 
  sacerdotal)  vestments";  "hieratic  gestures"  [syn:  {priestly}, 
  {hieratical},  {sacerdotal}] 
  2:  written  or  belonging  to  a  cursive  form  of  ancient  Egyptian 
  writing;  "hieratic  Egyptian  script" 
  3:  (fine  arts)  adhering  to  fixed  types  or  methods;  highly 
  restrained  and  formal;  "the  more  hieratic  sculptures  leave 
  the  viewer  curiously  unmoved" 
  n  :  a  cursive  form  of  Egyptian  hieroglyphics;  used  especially  by 
  the  priests  [syn:  {hieratic  script}] 




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