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hymenoptera

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hymenoptera


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Insecta  \In*sec"ta\,  n.  pl  [NL.  See  {Insect}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  One  of  the  classes  of  Arthropoda,  including 
  those  that  have  one  pair  of  antenn[ae],  three  pairs  of 
  mouth  organs,  and  breathe  air  by  means  of  trache[ae], 
  opening  by  spiracles  along  the  sides  of  the  body.  In  this 
  sense  it  includes  the  Hexapoda,  or  six-legged  insects  and 
  the  Myriapoda,  with  numerous  legs.  See  {Insect},  n. 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  In  a  more  restricted  sense  the  Hexapoda  alone. 
  See  {Hexapoda}. 
 
  3.  (Zo["o]l.)  In  the  most  general  sense  the  Hexapoda, 
  Myriapoda,  and  Arachnoidea,  combined. 
 
  Note:  The  typical  Insecta,  or  hexapod  insects,  are  divided 
  into  several  orders  viz.:  {Hymenoptera},  as  the  bees 
  and  ants;  {Diptera},  as  the  common  flies  and  gnats; 
  {Aphaniptera},  or  fleas;  {Lepidoptera},  or  moths  and 
  butterflies;  {Neuroptera},  as  the  ant-lions  and 
  hellgamite;  {Coleoptera},  or  beetles;  {Hemiptera},  as 
  bugs,  lice,  aphids;  {Orthoptera},  as  grasshoppers  and 
  cockroaches;  {Pseudoneuroptera},  as  the  dragon  flies 
  and  termites;  {Euplexoptera},  or  earwings;  {Thysanura}, 
  as  the  springtails,  podura,  and  lepisma.  See  these 
  words  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hymenoptera  \Hy`me*nop"te*ra\,  n.  pl  [NL.,  fr  Gr  ? 
  membrane-winged;  ?  skin,  membrane  +  ?  wing.]  (Zo["o]l.) 
  An  extensive  order  of  insects,  including  the  bees,  ants, 
  ichneumons,  sawflies,  etc 
 
  Note:  They  have  four  membranous  wings,  with  few 
  reticulations,  and  usually  with  a  thickened,  dark  spot 
  on  the  front  edge  of  the  anterior  wings.  In  most  of  the 
  species,  the  tongue,  or  lingua,  is  converted  into  an 
  organ  for  sucking  honey,  or  other  liquid  food,  and  the 
  mandibles  are  adapted  for  biting  or  cutting.  In  one 
  large  division  ({Aculeata}),  including  the  bees,  wasps, 
  and  ants,  the  females  and  workers  usually  have  a  sting, 
  which  is  only  a  modified  ovipositor. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Hymenoptera 
  n  :  an  order  of  insects  including:  bees;  wasps;  ants; 
  ichneumons;  sawflies;  gall  wasps;  etc  [syn:  {Hymenoptera}, 
  {order  Hymenoptera}] 




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