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inference

## inference

3  definitions  found

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Inference  \In"fer*ence\,  n.  [From  {Infer}.]
1.  The  act  or  process  of  inferring  by  deduction  or  induction.

Though  it  may  chance  to  be  right  in  the  conclusions,
it  is  yet  unjust  and  mistaken  in  the  method  of
inference.  --Glanvill.

2.  That  which  inferred;  a  truth  or  proposition  drawn  from
another  which  is  admitted  or  supposed  to  be  true;  a
conclusion;  a  deduction.  --Milton.

These  inferences,  or  conclusions,  are  the  effects  of
reasoning,  and  the  three  propositions,  taken  all
together,  are  called  syllogism,  or  argument.  --I.
Watts.

Syn:  Conclusion;  deduction;  consequence.

Usage:  {Inference},  {Conclusion}.  An  inference  is  literally
that  which  is  brought  in  and  hence  a  deduction  or
induction  from  premises,  --  something  which  follows  as
certainly  or  probably  true.  A  conclusion  is  stronger
than  an  inference;  it  shuts  us  up  to  the  result,  and
terminates  inquiry.  We  infer  what  is  particular  or
probable;  we  conclude  what  is  certain.  In  a  chain  of
reasoning  we  have  many  inferences,  which  lead  to  the
ultimate  conclusion.  ``An  inference  is  a  proposition
which  is  perceived  to  be  true,  because  of  its
connection  with  some  known  fact.''  ``When  something  is
simply  affirmed  to  be  true,  it  is  called  a
proposition;  after  it  has  been  found  to  be  true  by
several  reasons  or  arguments,  it  is  called  a
conclusion.''  --I.  Taylor.

From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]:

inference
n  :  the  reasoning  involved  in  making  a  logical  judgment  on  the
basis  of  circumstantial  evidence  and  prior  conclusions
rather  than  on  the  basis  of  direct  observation  [syn:  {illation}]

From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]:

inference

The  logical  process  by  which  new  facts  are  derived
from  known  facts  by  the  application  of  {inference  rule}s.

See  also  {symbolic  inference},  {type  inference}.

(1995-03-20)