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java


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Java  \Ja"va\,  n. 
  1.  One  of  the  islands  of  the  Malay  Archipelago  belonging  to 
  the  Netherlands. 
 
  2.  Java  coffee,  a  kind  of  coffee  brought  from  Java. 
 
  {Java  cat}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  musang. 
 
  {Java  sparrow}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  species  of  finch  ({Padda 
  oryzivora}),  native  of  Java,  but  very  commonly  kept  as  a 
  cage  bird;  --  called  also  {ricebird},  and  {paddy  bird}.  In 
  the  male  the  upper  parts  are  glaucous  gray,  the  head  and 
  tail  black,  the  under  parts  delicate  rose,  and  the  cheeks 
  white.  The  bill  is  large  and  red.  A  white  variety  is  also 
  kept  as  a  cage  bird. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Java 
  n  1:  an  island  in  Indonesia  S  of  Borneo;  one  of  the  world's  most 
  densely  populated  regions  [syn:  {Java}] 
  2:  a  beverage  consisting  of  an  infusion  of  ground  coffee  beans; 
  "he  ordered  a  cup  of  coffee"  [syn:  {coffee}] 
  3:  a  simple  platform-independent  object-oriented  programming 
  language  used  for  writing  applets  that  are  downloaded  from 
  the  World  Wide  Web  by  a  client  and  run  on  the  client's 
  machine  [syn:  {Java}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Java,  SD  (city,  FIPS  32460) 
  Location:  45.50358  N,  99.88423  W 
  Population  (1990):  161  (125  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.2  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  57452 
  Java,  VA 
  Zip  code(s):  24565 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  Java  An  object-oriented  language  originally  developed  at  Sun 
  by  James  Gosling  (and  known  by  the  name  "Oak")  with  the  intention  of 
  being  the  successor  to  {C++}  (the  project  was  however  originally  sold  to 
  Sun  as  an  embedded  language  for  use  in  set-top  boxes).  After  the  great 
  Internet  explosion  of  1993-1994,  Java  was  hacked  into  a  byte-interpreted 
  language  and  became  the  focus  of  a  relentless  hype  campaign  by  Sun,  which 
  touted  it  as  the  new  language  of  choice  for  distributed  applications. 
 
  Java  is  indeed  a  stronger  and  cleaner  design  than  C++  and  has  been 
  embraced  by  many  in  the  hacker  community  -  but  it  has  been  a  considerable 
  source  of  frustration  to  many  others  for  reasons  ranging  from  uneven 
  support  on  different  Web  browser  platforms,  performance  issues,  and 
  some  notorious  deficiencies  of  some  of  the  standard  toolkits  (AWT  in 
  particular).  {Microsoft}'s  determined  attempts  to  corrupt  the  language 
  (which  it  rightly  sees  as  a  threat  to  its  OS  monopoly)  have  not  helped. 
  As  of  1999,  these  issues  are  still  in  the  process  of  being  resolved. 
 
  Despite  many  attractive  features  and  a  good  design,  it  is  difficult 
  to  find  people  willing  to  praise  Java  who  have  tried  to  implement  a 
  complex,  real-world  system  with  it  (but  to  be  fair  it  is  early  days  yet 
  and  no  other  language  has  ever  been  forced  to  spend  its  childhood  under 
  the  limelight  the  way  Java  has).  On  the  other  hand,  Java  has  already  been 
  a  big  {win}  in  academic  circles,  where  it  has  taken  the  place  of  {Pascal} 
  as  the  preferred  tool  for  teaching  the  basics  of  good  programming  to 
  the  next  generation  of  hackers. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  Java 
 
  Web,  language>  (After  the  Indonesian  island,  a 
  source  of  {programming  fluid})  A  simple,  {object-oriented}, 
  {distributed},  {interpreted},  robust,  secure, 
  {architecture-neutral},  {portable},  {multithreaded},  dynamic, 
  buzzword-compliant,  general-purpose  programming  language 
  developed  by  {Sun  Microsystems}  in  1995(?).  Java  supports 
  programming  for  the  {Internet}  in  the  form  of 
  {platform}-independent  Java  "applets". 
 
  Java  is  similar  to  {C++}  without  {operator  overloading} 
  (though  it  does  have  {method}  overloading),  without  {multiple 
  inheritance},  and  extensive  automatic  {coercions}.  It  has 
  automatic  {garbage  collection}. 
 
  Java  programs  can  run  stand-alone  on  small  computers.  The 
  {interpreter}  and  {class}  support  take  about  40  kilobytes; 
  adding  the  standard  libraries  and  {thread}  support 
  (essentially  a  self-contained  {microkernel})  adds  an 
  additional  175Kb. 
 
  Java  extends  {C++}'s  {object-oriented}  facilities  with  those 
  of  {Objective  C}  for  {dynamic  method  resolution}. 
 
  Java  has  an  extensive  library  of  routines  for  {TCP/IP} 
  {protocols}  like  {HTTP}  and  {FTP}.  Java  applications  can 
  access  objects  across  the  {Internet}  via  {URL}s  as  easily  as 
  on  the  local  {file  system}. 
 
  The  Java  compiler  and  {linker}  both  enforce  {strong  type 
  checking}  -  procedures  must  be  explicitly  typed.  Java 
  supports  the  creation  of  {virus}-free,  tamper-free  systems 
  with  {authentication}  based  on  {public-key  encryption}. 
 
  The  Java  compiler  generates  an  {architecture-neutral}  {object 
  file}  executable  on  any  processor  supporting  the  Java  {run-time 
  system}.  The  object  code  consists  of  {bytecode}  instructions 
  designed  to  be  both  easy  to  interpret  on  any  machine  and 
  easily  translated  into  {native}  {machine  code}  at  load  time. 
 
  The  Java  libraries  provide  portable  interfaces.  For  example, 
  there  is  an  abstract  Window  class  and  implementations  of  it 
  for  {Unix},  {Microsoft  Windows}  and  the  {Macintosh}.  The 
  run-time  system  is  written  in  {POSIX}-compliant  {ANSI  C}.  Java 
  applets  can  be  executed  as  attachments  in  {World-Wide  Web} 
  documents  using  either  Sun's  {HotJava}  browser  or  {Netscape 
  Navigator}  version  2.0. 
 
  {Home  (http://java.sun.com/)} 
 
  {Usenet}  newsgroup:  {news:comp.lang.java}. 
 
  E-mail:  . 
 
  (1995-12-06) 
 
 




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