browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
jehoiakim


jehoiakim


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Jehoiakim 
  he  whom  Jehovah  has  set  up  the  second  son  of  Josiah,  and 
  eighteenth  king  of  Judah,  which  he  ruled  over  for  eleven  years 
  (B.C.  610-599).  His  original  name  was  Eliakim  (q.v.). 
 
  On  the  death  of  his  father  his  younger  brother  Jehoahaz 
  (=Shallum,  Jer.  22:11),  who  favoured  the  Chaldeans  against  the 
  Egyptians,  was  made  king  by  the  people;  but  the  king  of  Egypt, 
  Pharaoh-necho,  invaded  the  land  and  deposed  Jehoahaz  (2  Kings 
  23:33,  34;  Jer.  22:10-12),  setting  Eliakim  on  the  throne  in  his 
  stead,  and  changing  his  name  to  Jehoiakim. 
 
  After  this  the  king  of  Egypt  took  no  part  in  Jewish  politics, 
  having  been  defeated  by  the  Chaldeans  at  Carchemish  (2  Kings 
  24:7;  Jer.  46:2).  Palestine  was  now  invaded  and  conquered  by 
  Nebuchadnezzar.  Jehoiakim  was  taken  prisoner  and  carried  captive 
  to  Babylon  (2  Chr.  36:6,  7).  It  was  at  this  time  that  Daniel 
  also  and  his  three  companions  were  taken  captive  to  Babylon 
  (Dan.  1:1,  2). 
 
  Nebuchadnezzar  reinstated  Jehoiakim  on  his  throne,  but  treated 
  him  as  a  vassal  king.  In  the  year  after  this  Jeremiah  caused 
  his  prophecies  to  be  read  by  Baruch  in  the  court  of  the  temple. 
  Jehoiakim,  hearing  of  this  had  them  also  read  in  the  royal 
  palace  before  himself.  The  words  displeased  him  and  taking  the 
  roll  from  the  hands  of  Baruch  he  cut  it  in  pieces  and  threw  it 
  into  the  fire  (Jer.  36:23).  During  his  disastrous  reign  there 
  was  a  return  to  the  old  idolatry  and  corruption  of  the  days  of 
  Manasseh. 
 
  After  three  years  of  subjection  to  Babylon,  Jehoiakim  withheld 
  his  tribute  and  threw  off  the  yoke  (2  Kings  24:1),  hoping  to 
  make  himself  independent.  Nebuchadnezzar  sent  bands  of 
  Chaldeans  Syrians,  and  Ammonites  (2  Kings  24:2)  to  chastise  his 
  rebellious  vassal.  They  cruelly  harassed  the  whole  country 
  (comp.  Jer.  49:1-6).  The  king  came  to  a  violent  death,  and  his 
  body  having  been  thrown  over  the  wall  of  Jerusalem,  to  convince 
  the  beseieging  army  that  he  was  dead,  after  having  been  dragged 
  away  was  buried  beyond  the  gates  of  Jerusalem  "with  the  burial 
  of  an  ass,"  B.C.  599  (Jer.  22:18,  19;  36:30).  Nebuchadnezzar 
  placed  his  son  Jehoiachin  on  the  throne,  wishing  still  to  retain 
  the  kingdom  of  Judah  as  tributary  to  him 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Jehoiakim,  avenging,  or  establishing,  or  resurrection,  of  the  Lord