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jeroboam

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jeroboam


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  jeroboam 
  n  :  a  large  wine  bottle  (holds  4/5  of  a  gallon) 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Jeroboam 
  increase  of  the  people.  (1.)  The  son  of  Nebat  (1  Kings 
  11:26-39),  "an  Ephrathite,"  the  first  king  of  the  ten  tribes, 
  over  whom  he  reigned  twenty-two  years  (B.C.  976-945).  He  was  the 
  son  of  a  widow  of  Zereda,  and  while  still  young  was  promoted  by 
  Solomon  to  be  chief  superintendent  of  the  "burnden",  i.e.,  of 
  the  bands  of  forced  labourers.  Influenced  by  the  words  of  the 
  prophet  Ahijah,  he  began  to  form  conspiracies  with  the  view  of 
  becoming  king  of  the  ten  tribes;  but  these  having  been 
  discovered,  he  fled  to  Egypt  (1  Kings  11:29-40),  where  he 
  remained  for  a  length  of  time  under  the  protection  of  Shishak  I. 
  On  the  death  of  Solomon,  the  ten  tribes,  having  revolted,  sent 
  to  invite  him  to  become  their  king.  The  conduct  of  Rehoboam 
  favoured  the  designs  of  Jeroboam,  and  he  was  accordingly 
  proclaimed  "king  of  Israel"  (1  Kings  12:  1-20).  He  rebuilt  and 
  fortified  Shechem  as  the  capital  of  his  kingdom.  He  at  once 
  adopted  means  to  perpetuate  the  division  thus  made  between  the 
  two  parts  of  the  kingdom,  and  erected  at  Dan  and  Bethel,  the  two 
  extremities  of  his  kingdom,  "golden  calves,"  which  he  set  up  as 
  symbols  of  Jehovah,  enjoining  the  people  not  any  more  to  go  up 
  to  worship  at  Jerusalem,  but  to  bring  their  offerings  to  the 
  shrines  he  had  erected.  Thus  he  became  distinguished  as  the  man 
  "who  made  Israel  to  sin."  This  policy  was  followed  by  all  the 
  succeeding  kings  of  Israel. 
 
  While  he  was  engaged  in  offering  incense  at  Bethel,  a  prophet 
  from  Judah  appeared  before  him  with  a  warning  message  from  the 
  Lord.  Attempting  to  arrest  the  prophet  for  his  bold  words  of 
  defiance,  his  hand  was  "dried  up,"  and  the  altar  before  which  he 
  stood  was  rent  asunder.  At  his  urgent  entreaty  his  "hand  was 
  restored  him  again"  (1  Kings  13:1-6,  9;  comp.  2  Kings  23:15); 
  but  the  miracle  made  no  abiding  impression  on  him  His  reign  was 
  one  of  constant  war  with  the  house  of  Judah.  He  died  soon  after 
  his  son  Abijah  (1  Kings  14:1-18). 
 
  (2.)  Jeroboam  II.,  the  son  and  successor  of  Jehoash,  and  the 
  fourteenth  king  of  Israel,  over  which  he  ruled  for  forty-one 
  years,  B.C.  825-784  (2  Kings  14:23).  He  followed  the  example  of 
  the  first  Jeroboam  in  keeping  up  the  worship  of  the  golden 
  calves  (2  Kings  14:24).  His  reign  was  contemporary  with  those  of 
  Amaziah  (2  Kings  14:23)  and  Uzziah  (15:1),  kings  of  Judah.  He 
  was  victorious  over  the  Syrians  (13:4;  14:26,  27),  and  extended 
  Israel  to  its  former  limits,  from  "the  entering  of  Hamath  to  the 
  sea  of  the  plain"  (14:25;  Amos  6:14).  His  reign  of  forty-one 
  years  was  the  most  prosperous  that  Israel  had  ever  known  as  yet 
  With  all  this  outward  prosperity,  however,  iniquity  widely 
  prevailed  in  the  land  (Amos  2:6-8;  4:1;  6:6;  Hos.  4:12-14).  The 
  prophets  Hosea  (1:1),  Joel  (3:16;  Amos  1:1,  2),  Amos  (1:1),  and 
  Jonah  (2  Kings  14:25)  lived  during  his  reign.  He  died,  and  was 
  buried  with  his  ancestors  (14:29).  He  was  succeeded  by  his  son 
  Zachariah  (q.v.). 
 
  His  name  occurs  in  Scripture  only  in  2  Kings  13:13;  14:16,  23, 
  27,  28,  29;  15:1,  8;  1  Chr.  5:17;  Hos.  1:1;  Amos  1:1;  7:9,  10, 
  11.  In  all  other  passages  it  is  Jeroboam  the  son  of  Nebat  that 
  is  meant 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Jeroboam,  he  that  opposes  the  people 
 




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