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jesuit

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jesuit


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Jesuit  \Jes"u*it\,  n.  [F.  J['e]suite,  Sp  Jesuita:  cf  It 
  Gesuita.] 
  1.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  One  of  a  religious  order  founded  by  Ignatius 
  Loyola,  and  approved  in  1540,  under  the  title  of  The 
  Society  of  Jesus. 
 
  Note:  The  order  consists  of  Scholastics,  the  Professed,  the 
  Spiritual  Coadjutors,  and  the  Temporal  Coadjutors  or 
  Lay  Brothers.  The  Jesuit  novice  after  two  years  becomes 
  a  Scholastic,  and  takes  his  first  vows  of  poverty, 
  chastity,  and  obedience  simply.  Some  years  after  at 
  the  close  of  a  second  novitiate,  he  takes  his  second 
  vows  and  is  ranked  among  the  Coadjutors  or  Professed. 
  The  Professed  are  bound  by  a  fourth  vow,  from  which 
  only  the  pope  can  dispense,  requiring  them  to  go 
  wherever  the  pope  may  send  them  for  missionary  duty. 
  The  Coadjutors  teach  in  the  schools,  and  are  employed 
  in  general  missionary  labors.  The  Society  is  governed 
  by  a  General  who  holds  office  for  life.  He  has 
  associated  with  him  ``Assistants''  (five  at  the  present 
  time),  representing  different  provinces.  The  Society 
  was  first  established  in  the  United  States  in  1807.  The 
  Jesuits  have  displayed  in  their  enterprises  a  high 
  degree  of  zeal,  learning,  and  skill,  but  by  their 
  enemies,  have  been  generally  reputed  to  use  art  and 
  intrigue  in  promoting  or  accomplishing  their  purposes, 
  whence  the  words  Jesuit,  Jesuitical,  and  the  like  have 
  acquired  an  opprobrious  sense 
 
  2.  Fig.:  A  crafty  person;  an  intriguer. 
 
  {Jesuits'  bark},  Peruvian  bark,  or  the  bark  of  certain 
  species  of  {Cinchona};  --  so  called  because  its  medicinal 
  properties  were  first  made  known  in  Europe  by  Jesuit 
  missionaries  to  South  America. 
 
  {Jesuits'  drops}.  See  {Friar's  balsam},  under  {Friar}. 
 
  {Jesuits'  nut},  the  European  water  chestnut. 
 
  {Jesuits'  powder},  powdered  cinchona  bark. 
 
  {Jesuits'  tea},  a  Chilian  leguminous  shrub,  used  as  a  tea  and 
  medicinally. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Jesuit 
  adj  :  having  qualities  characteristic  of  Jesuits  or  Jesuitism; 
  "Jesuitical  education"  [syn:  {Jesuitical},  {Jesuitic}, 
  {Jesuit}] 
  n  :  a  member  of  the  a  Roman  Catholic  religious  order  founded  by 
  Ignatus  Loyola  in  1534  [syn:  {Jesuit}] 




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