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juniper

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juniper


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Juniper  \Ju"ni*per\,  n.  [L.  juniperus,  prop.,  youth-producing, 
  and  so  called  from  its  evergreen  appearance,  from  the  roots 
  of  E.  juvenile,  and  parent.  Cf  {Gin}  the  liquor.]  (Bot.) 
  Any  evergreen  shrub  or  tree,  of  the  genus  {Juniperus}  and 
  order  {Conifer[ae]}. 
 
  Note:  The  common  juniper  ({J.  communis})  is  a  shrub  of  a  low 
  spreading  form  having  awl-shaped,  rigid  leaves  in 
  whorls  of  threes,  and  bearing  small  purplish  blue 
  berries  (or  galbuli),  of  a  warm,  pungent  taste,  used  as 
  diuretic  and  in  flavoring  gin.  A  resin  exudes  from  the 
  bark,  which  has  erroneously  been  considered  identical 
  with  sandarach,  and  is  used  as  pounce.  The  oil  of 
  juniper  is  acrid,  and  used  for  various  purposes,  as  in 
  medicine,  for  making  varnish,  etc  The  wood  of  several 
  species  is  of  a  reddish  color,  hard  and  durable,  and  is 
  used  in  cabinetwork  under  the  names  of  red  cedar, 
  Bermuda  cedar,  etc 
 
  {Juniper  worm}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  a  geometrid  moth 
  ({Drepanodes  varus}).  It  feeds  upon  the  leaves  of  the 
  juniper,  and  mimics  the  small  twigs  both  in  form  and 
  color,  in  a  remarkable  manner. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  juniper 
  n  1:  desert  shrub  of  Syria  and  Arabia  having  small  white  flowers; 
  constitutes  the  juniper  of  the  Old  Testament;  sometimes 
  placed  in  genus  Genista  [syn:  {retem},  {raetam},  {juniper 
  bush},  {Retama  raetam},  {Genista  raetam}] 
  2:  coniferous  shrub  or  small  tree  with  berrylike  cones 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Juniper,  GA 
  Zip  code(s):  31801 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Juniper 
  (Heb.  rothem),  called  by  the  Arabs  retem,  and  known  as  Spanish 
  broom;  ranked  under  the  genus  genista.  It  is  a  desert  shrub,  and 
  abounds  in  many  parts  of  Palestine.  In  the  account  of  his 
  journey  from  Akabah  to  Jerusalem,  Dr  Robinson  says:  "This  is 
  the  largest  and  most  conspicuous  shrub  of  these  deserts,  growing 
  thickly  in  the  water-courses  and  valleys.  Our  Arabs  always 
  selected  the  place  of  encampment,  if  possible,  in  a  spot  where 
  it  grew,  in  order  to  be  sheltered  by  it  at  night  from  the  wind; 
  and  during  the  day  when  they  often  went  on  in  advance  of  the 
  camels,  we  found  them  not  unfrequently  sitting  or  sleeping  under 
  a  bush  of  retem  to  shelter  them  from  the  sun.  It  was  in  this 
  very  desert,  a  day's  journey  from  Beersheba,  that  the  prophet 
  Elijah  lay  down  and  slept  beneath  the  same  shrub"  (1  Kings  19:4, 
  5).  It  afforded  material  for  fuel,  and  also  in  cases  of 
  extremity  for  human  food  (Ps.  120:4;  Job  30:4).  One  of  the 
  encampments  in  the  wilderness  of  Paran  is  called  Rithmah,  i.e., 
  "place  of  broom"  (Num.  33:18). 
 
  "The  Bedawin  of  Sinai  still  burn  this  very  plant  into  a 
  charcoal  which  throws  out  the  most  intense  heat." 
 




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