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keep

more about keep

keep


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Keep  \Keep\  (k[=e]p),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Kept};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Keeping}.]  [OE.  k?pen,  AS  c?pan  to  keep  regard,  desire, 
  await,  take  betake;  cf  AS  copenere  lover,  OE  copnien  to 
  desire.] 
  1.  To  care  to  desire.  [Obs.] 
 
  I  kepe  not  of  armes  for  to  yelp  [boast].  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  To  hold  to  restrain  from  departure  or  removal;  not  to  let 
  go  of  to  retain  in  one's  power  or  possession;  not  to 
  lose;  to  retain;  to  detain. 
 
  If  we  lose  the  field,  We  can  not  keep  the  town. 
  --Shak. 
 
  That  I  may  know  what  keeps  me  here  with  you 
  --Dryden. 
 
  If  we  would  weigh  and  keep  in  our  minds  what  we  are 
  considering,  that  would  instruct  us  --Locke. 
 
  3.  To  cause  to  remain  in  a  given  situation  or  condition;  to 
  maintain  unchanged;  to  hold  or  preserve  in  any  state  or 
  tenor. 
 
  His  loyalty  he  kept,  his  love,  his  zeal.  --Milton. 
 
  Keep  a  stiff  rein,  and  move  but  gently  on 
  --Addison. 
 
  Note:  In  this  sense  it  is  often  used  with  prepositions  and 
  adverbs,  as  to  keep  away  to  keep  down  to  keep  from 
  to  keep  in  out  or  off  etc  ``To  keep  off 
  impertinence  and  solicitation  from  his  superior.'' 
  --Addison. 
 
  4.  To  have  in  custody;  to  have  in  some  place  for 
  preservation;  to  take  charge  of 
 
  The  crown  of  Stephanus  first  king  of  Hungary,  was 
  always  kept  in  the  castle  of  Vicegrade  --Knolles. 
 
  5.  To  preserve  from  danger,  harm,  or  loss  to  guard. 
 
  Behold,  I  am  with  thee,  and  will  keep  thee.  --Gen. 
  xxviii.  15. 
 
  6.  To  preserve  from  discovery  or  publicity;  not  to 
  communicate,  reveal,  or  betray,  as  a  secret. 
 
  Great  are  thy  virtues  .  .  .  though  kept  from  man. 
  --Milton. 
 
  7.  To  attend  upon  to  have  the  care  of  to  tend. 
 
  And  the  Lord  God  took  the  man,  and  put  him  into  the 
  garden  of  Eden,  to  dress  it  and  to  keep  it  --Gen. 
  ii  15. 
 
  In  her  girlish  age,  she  kept  sheep  on  the  moor. 
  --Carew. 
 
  8.  To  record  transactions,  accounts,  or  events  in  as  to 
  keep  books,  a  journal,  etc.;  also  to  enter  (as  accounts, 
  records,  etc  )  in  a  book. 
 
  9.  To  maintain,  as  an  establishment,  institution,  or  the 
  like  to  conduct;  to  manage;  as  to  keep  store. 
 
  Like  a  pedant  that  keeps  a  school.  --Shak. 
 
  Every  one  of  them  kept  house  by  himself.  --Hayward. 
 
  10.  To  supply  with  necessaries  of  life;  to  entertain;  as  to 
  keep  boarders. 
 
  11.  To  have  in  one's  service;  to  have  and  maintain,  as  an 
  assistant,  a  servant,  a  mistress,  a  horse,  etc 
 
  I  keep  but  three  men  and  a  boy.  --Shak. 
 
  12.  To  have  habitually  in  stock  for  sale. 
 
  13.  To  continue  in  as  a  course  or  mode  of  action  not  to 
  intermit  or  fall  from  to  hold  to  to  maintain;  as  to 
  keep  silence;  to  keep  one's  word  to  keep  possession. 
 
  Both  day  and  night  did  we  keep  company.  --Shak. 
 
  Within  this  portal  as  I  kept  my  watch.  --Smollett. 
 
  14.  To  observe;  to  adhere  to  to  fulfill;  not  to  swerve  from 
  or  violate;  to  practice  or  perform,  as  duty;  not  to 
  neglect;  to  be  faithful  to 
 
  I  have  kept  the  faith.  --2  Tim.  iv 
  7. 
 
  Him  whom  to  love  is  to  obey,  and  keep  His  great 
  command.  --Milton. 
 
  15.  To  confine  one's  self  to  not  to  quit  to  remain  in  as 
  to  keep  one's  house,  room  bed,  etc.;  hence  to  haunt;  to 
  frequent.  --Shak. 
 
  'Tis  hallowed  ground;  Fairies,  and  fawns,  and 
  satyrs  do  it  keep  --J.  Fletcher. 
 
  16.  To  observe  duty,  as  a  festival,  etc.;  to  celebrate;  to 
  solemnize;  as  to  keep  a  feast. 
 
  I  went  with  them  to  the  house  of  God  .  .  .  with  a 
  multitude  that  kept  holyday.  --Ps.  xlii  4. 
 
  {To  keep  at  arm's  length}.  See  under  {Arm},  n. 
 
  {To  keep  back}. 
  a  To  reserve;  to  withhold.  ``I  will  keep  nothing  back 
  from  you.''  --Jer.  xlii  4. 
  b  To  restrain;  to  hold  back  ``Keep  back  thy  servant 
  also  from  presumptuous  sins.''  --Ps.  xix.  13. 
 
  {To  keep  company  with}. 
  a  To  frequent  the  society  of  to  associate  with  as 
  let  youth  keep  company  with  the  wise  and  good. 
  b  To  accompany;  to  go  with  as  to  keep  company  with 
  one  on  a  voyage;  also  to  pay  court  to  or  accept 
  attentions  from  with  a  view  to  marriage.  [Colloq.] 
 
 
  {To  keep  counsel}.  See  under  {Counsel},  n. 
 
  {To  keep  down}. 
  a  To  hold  in  subjection;  to  restrain;  to  hinder. 
  b  (Fine  Arts)  To  subdue  in  tint  or  tone,  as  a  portion 
  of  a  picture,  so  that  the  spectator's  attention  may 
  not  be  diverted  from  the  more  important  parts  of  the 
  work 
 
  {To  keep  good}  (or  {bad})  {hours},  to  be  customarily  early 
  (or  late)  in  returning  home  or  in  retiring  to  rest.  --  {To 
  keep  house}. 
  a  To  occupy  a  separate  house  or  establishment,  as  with 
  one's  family,  as  distinguished  from  boarding;  to 
  manage  domestic  affairs. 
  b  (Eng.  Bankrupt  Law)  To  seclude  one's  self  in  one's 
  house  in  order  to  evade  the  demands  of  creditors.  -- 
  {To  keep  one's  hand  in},  to  keep  in  practice.  --  {To  keep 
  open  house},  to  be  hospitable.  --  {To  keep  the  peace}  (Law), 
  to  avoid  or  to  prevent  a  breach  of  the  peace.  --  {To  keep 
  school},  to  govern,  manage  and  instruct  or  teach  a  school,  as 
  a  preceptor.  --  {To  keep  a  stiff  upper  lip},  to  keep  up 
  one's  courage.  [Slang]  --  {To  keep  term}. 
  a  (Eng.  Universities)  To  reside  during  a  term. 
  b  (Inns  of  Court)  To  eat  a  sufficient  number  of  dinners 
  in  hall  to  make  the  term  count  for  the  purpose  of 
  being  called  to  the  bar.  [Eng.]  --Mozley  &  W. 
 
  {To  keep  touch}.  See  under  {Touch},  n. 
 
  {To  keep  under},  to  hold  in  subjection;  hence  to  oppress. 
 
  {To  keep  up}. 
  a  To  maintain;  to  prevent  from  falling  or  diminution; 
  as  to  keep  up  the  price  of  goods;  to  keep  up  one's 
  credit. 
  b  To  maintain;  to  continue;  to  prevent  from  ceasing. 
  ``In  joy,  that  which  keeps  up  the  action  is  the 
  desire  to  continue  it.''  --Locke. 
 
  Syn:  To  retain;  detain;  reserve;  preserve;  hold  restrain; 
  maintain;  sustain;  support;  withhold.  --  To  {Keep}. 
 
  Usage:  {Retain},  {Preserve}.  Keep  is  the  generic  term,  and  is 
  often  used  where  retain  or  preserve  would  too  much 
  restrict  the  meaning;  as  to  keep  silence,  etc  Retain 
  denotes  that  we  keep  or  hold  things  as  against 
  influences  which  might  deprive  us  of  them  or  reasons 
  which  might  lead  us  to  give  them  up  as  to  retain 
  vivacity  in  old  age;  to  retain  counsel  in  a  lawsuit; 
  to  retain  one's  servant  after  a  reverse  of  fortune. 
  Preserve  denotes  that  we  keep  a  thing  against  agencies 
  which  might  lead  to  its  being  destroyed  or  broken  in 
  upon  as  to  preserve  one's  health;  to  preserve 
  appearances. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Keep  \Keep\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  remain  in  any  position  or  state;  to  continue;  to  abide; 
  to  stay;  as  to  keep  at  a  distance;  to  keep  aloft;  to  keep 
  near  to  keep  in  the  house;  to  keep  before  or  behind;  to 
  keep  in  favor;  to  keep  out  of  company,  or  out  reach. 
 
  2.  To  last  to  endure;  to  remain  unimpaired. 
 
  If  the  malt  be  not  thoroughly  dried,  the  ale  it 
  makes  will  not  keep  --Mortimer. 
 
  3.  To  reside  for  a  time;  to  lodge;  to  dwell.  [Now  disused 
  except  locally  or  colloquially.] 
 
  Knock  at  his  study,  where  they  say  he  keeps. 
  --Shak. 
 
  4.  To  take  care  to  be  solicitous;  to  watch.  [Obs.] 
 
  Keep  that  the  lusts  choke  not  the  word  of  God  that 
  is  in  us  --Tyndale. 
 
  5.  To  be  in  session;  as  school  keeps  to-day.  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  keep  from},  to  abstain  or  refrain  from 
 
  {To  keep  in  with},  to  keep  on  good  terms  with  as  to  keep  in 
  with  an  opponent. 
 
  {To  keep  on},  to  go  forward;  to  proceed;  to  continue  to 
  advance. 
 
  {To  keep  to},  to  adhere  strictly  to  not  to  neglect  or 
  deviate  from  as  to  keep  to  old  customs;  to  keep  to  a 
  rule  to  keep  to  one's  word  or  promise. 
 
  {To  keep  up},  to  remain  unsubdued;  also  not  to  be  confined 
  to  one's  bed. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Keep  \Keep\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  or  office  of  keeping;  custody;  guard;  care  heed; 
  charge.  --Chaucer. 
 
  Pan,  thou  god  of  shepherds  all  Which  of  our  tender 
  lambkins  takest  keep  --Spenser. 
 
  2.  The  state  of  being  kept;  hence  the  resulting  condition; 
  case;  as  to  be  in  good  keep 
 
  3.  The  means  or  provisions  by  which  one  is  kept;  maintenance; 
  support;  as  the  keep  of  a  horse. 
 
  Grass  equal  to  the  keep  of  seven  cows.  --Carlyle. 
 
  I  performed  some  services  to  the  college  in  return 
  for  my  keep  --T.  Hughes. 
 
  4.  That  which  keeps  or  protects;  a  stronghold;  a  fortress;  a 
  castle;  specifically,  the  strongest  and  securest  part  of  a 
  castle,  often  used  as  a  place  of  residence  by  the  lord  of 
  the  castle,  especially  during  a  siege;  the  donjon.  See 
  Illust.  of  {Castle}. 
 
  The  prison  strong,  Within  whose  keep  the  captive 
  knights  were  laid.  --Dryden. 
 
  The  lower  chambers  of  those  gloomy  keeps.  --Hallam. 
 
  I  think  .  .  .  the  keep  or  principal  part  of  a 
  castle,  was  so  called  because  the  lord  and  his 
  domestic  circle  kept,  abode,  or  lived  there  --M.  A. 
  Lower. 
 
  5.  That  which  is  kept  in  charge;  a  charge.  [Obs.] 
 
  Often  he  used  of  his  keep  A  sacrifice  to  bring 
  --Spenser. 
 
  6.  (Mach.)  A  cap  for  retaining  anything  as  a  journal  box,  in 
  place 
 
  {To  take  keep},  to  take  care  to  heed.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  In  \In\,  prep.  [AS.  in  akin  to  D.  &  G.  in  Icel.  [=i],  Sw  & 
  Dan.  i,  OIr.  &  L.  in  Gr  'en.  [root]197.  Cf  1st  {In-}, 
  {Inn}.] 
  The  specific  signification  of  in  is  situation  or  place  with 
  respect  to  surrounding,  environment,  encompassment,  etc  It 
  is  used  with  verbs  signifying  being  resting,  or  moving 
  within  limits,  or  within  circumstances  or  conditions  of  any 
  kind  conceived  of  as  limiting,  confining,  or  investing, 
  either  wholly  or  in  part  In  its  different  applications,  it 
  approaches  some  of  the  meanings  of  and  sometimes  is 
  interchangeable  with  within,  into  on  at  of  and  among.  It 
  is  used: 
 
  1.  With  reference  to  space  or  place  as  he  lives  in  Boston; 
  he  traveled  in  Italy;  castles  in  the  air. 
 
  The  babe  lying  in  a  manger.  --Luke  ii  16. 
 
  Thy  sun  sets  weeping  in  the  lowly  west.  --Shak. 
 
  Situated  in  the  forty-first  degree  of  latitude. 
  --Gibbon. 
 
  Matter  for  censure  in  every  page.  --Macaulay. 
 
  2.  With  reference  to  circumstances  or  conditions;  as  he  is 
  in  difficulties;  she  stood  in  a  blaze  of  light.  ``Fettered 
  in  amorous  chains.''  --Shak. 
 
  Wrapt  in  sweet  sounds,  as  in  bright  veils. 
  --Shelley. 
 
  3.  With  reference  to  a  whole  which  includes  or  comprises  the 
  part  spoken  of  as  the  first  in  his  family;  the  first 
  regiment  in  the  army. 
 
  Nine  in  ten  of  those  who  enter  the  ministry. 
  --Swift. 
 
  4.  With  reference  to  physical  surrounding,  personal  states, 
  etc.,  abstractly  denoted;  as  I  am  in  doubt;  the  room  is 
  in  darkness;  to  live  in  fear. 
 
  When  shall  we  three  meet  again  In  thunder, 
  lightning,  or  in  rain?  --Shak. 
 
  5.  With  reference  to  character,  reach,  scope,  or  influence 
  considered  as  establishing  a  limitation;  as  to  be  in 
  one's  favor.  ``In  sight  of  God's  high  throne.''  --Milton. 
 
  Sounds  inharmonious  in  themselves,  and  harsh. 
  --Cowper. 
 
  6.  With  reference  to  movement  or  tendency  toward  a  certain 
  limit  or  environment;  --  sometimes  equivalent  to  into  as 
  to  put  seed  in  the  ground;  to  fall  in  love;  to  end  in 
  death;  to  put  our  trust  in  God. 
 
  He  would  not  plunge  his  brother  in  despair. 
  --Addison. 
 
  She  had  no  jewels  to  deposit  in  their  caskets. 
  --Fielding. 
 
  7.  With  reference  to  a  limit  of  time;  as  in  an  hour;  it 
  happened  in  the  last  century;  in  all  my  life. 
 
  {In  as  much  as},  or  {Inasmuch  as},  in  the  degree  that  in 
  like  manner  as  in  consideration  that  because  that 
  since.  See  {Synonym}  of  {Because},  and  cf  {For  as  much 
  as},  under  {For},  prep. 
 
  {In  that},  because  for  the  reason  that  ``Some  things  they 
  do  in  that  they  are  men  .  .  .;  some  things  in  that  they 
  are  men  misled  and  blinded  with  error.''  --Hooker. 
 
  {In  the  name  of},  in  behalf  of  on  the  part  of  by  authority; 
  as  it  was  done  in  the  name  of  the  people;  --  often  used 
  in  invocation,  swearing,  praying,  and  the  like 
 
  {To  be  in  for  it}. 
  a  To  be  in  favor  of  a  thing  to  be  committed  to  a 
  course. 
  b  To  be  unable  to  escape  from  a  danger,  penalty,  etc 
  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  be}  (or  {keep})  {in  with}. 
  a  To  be  close  or  near  as  to  keep  a  ship  in  with  the 
  land. 
  b  To  be  on  terms  of  friendship,  familiarity,  or  intimacy 
  with  to  secure  and  retain  the  favor  of  [Colloq.] 
 
  Syn:  Into  within;  on  at  See  {At}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  keep 
  n  1:  the  financial  means  whereby  one  lives;  "each  child  was 
  expected  to  pay  for  their  keep";  "he  applied  to  the 
  state  for  support";  "he  could  no  longer  earn  his  own 
  livelihood"  [syn:  {support},  {livelihood},  {living},  {bread 
  and  butter},  {sustenance}] 
  2:  the  main  tower  within  the  walls  of  a  medieval  castle  or 
  fortress  [syn:  {dungeon},  {donjon}] 
  3:  a  cell  in  a  jail  or  prison  [syn:  {hold}] 
  v  1:  keep  in  a  certain  state,  position,  or  activity;  e.g.,  "keep 
  clean";  "hold  in  place";  "She  always  held  herself  as  a 
  lady"  [syn:  {maintain},  {hold}] 
  2:  continue  a  certain  state,  condition,  or  activity;  "Keep  on 
  working!"  "We  continued  to  work  into  the  night";  "Keep 
  smiling";  "We  went  on  working  until  well  past  midnight" 
  [syn:  {continue},  {go  on},  {proceed},  {go  along},  {keep  on}] 
  [ant:  {discontinue}] 
  3:  retain  possession  of  [syn:  {hold  on}]  [ant:  {lose}] 
  4:  prevent  from  doing  something  or  being  in  a  certain  state; 
  "We  must  prevent  the  cancer  from  spreading"  [syn:  {prevent}] 
  [ant:  {let}] 
  5:  conform  one's  action  or  practice  to  of  appointments, 
  promises,  conditions,  etc  [syn:  {observe}] 
  6:  observe  correctly;  "keep  time,  keep  count  keep  track  of" 
  [syn:  {observe},  {maintain}] 
  7:  look  after  be  the  keeper  of  have  charge  of  "He  keeps  the 
  bees  on  the  estate" 
  8:  maintain  by  writing  regular  records;  "keep  a  diary"; 
  "maintain  a  record";  "keep  notes"  [syn:  {maintain}] 
  9:  maintain  or  support;  "He  is  keeping  three  women  in  the  guest 
  cottage" 
  10:  allow  to  remain  in  a  place  or  position;  "We  cannot  continue 
  several  servants  any  longer"  [syn:  {retain},  {continue}, 
  {keep  on}] 
  11:  supply  with  sustenance  [syn:  {sustain},  {maintain}] 
  12:  fail  to  spoil  or  rot;  "These  potatoes  keep  for  a  long  time" 
  [syn:  {stay  fresh}] 
  13:  celebrate,  as  of  holidays  or  rites;  "Keep  the  commandments"; 
  "celebrate  Christmas";  "Observe  Yom  Kippur"  [syn:  {observe}, 
  {celebrate}] 
  14:  keep  under  control  [syn:  {restrain},  {keep  back},  {hold  back}] 
  15:  maintain  in  safety  form  injury,  harm,  or  danger;  "May  God 
  keep  you"  [syn:  {preserve}] 
  16:  retain  rights  to  as  of  a  job  or  a  seat  [syn:  {keep  open},  {hold 
  open},  {save}] 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  KEEP  v.t. 
 
  He  willed  away  his  whole  estate, 
  And  then  in  death  he  fell  asleep, 
  Murmuring:  "Well,  at  any  rate, 
  My  name  unblemished  I  shall  keep." 
  But  when  upon  the  tomb  'twas  wrought 
  Whose  was  it?  --  for  the  dead  keep  naught. 
  Durang  Gophel  Arn 
 
 




more about keep