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kenya

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kenya


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Kenya 
  n  :  a  republic  in  eastern  Africa;  major  archeological 
  discoveries  have  been  made  in  the  Great  Rift  Valley  in 
  Kenya  [syn:  {Kenya}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Kenya 
 
  Kenya:Geography 
 
  Location:  Eastern  Africa,  bordering  the  Indian  Ocean,  between  Somalia 
  and  Tanzania 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  582,650  sq  km 
  land  area:  569,250  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  twice  the  size  of  Nevada 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  3,446  km  Ethiopia  830  km  Somalia  682  km 
  Sudan  232  km  Tanzania  769  km  Uganda  933  km 
 
  Coastline:  536  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  200-m  depth  or  to  the  depth  of  exploitation 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  administrative  boundary  with  Sudan  does  not 
  coincide  with  international  boundary;  possible  claim  by  Somalia  based 
  on  unification  of  ethnic  Somalis 
 
  Climate:  varies  from  tropical  along  coast  to  arid  in  interior 
 
  Terrain:  low  plains  rise  to  central  highlands  bisected  by  Great  Rift 
  Valley;  fertile  plateau  in  west 
 
  Natural  resources:  gold,  limestone,  soda  ash,  salt  barytes,  rubies, 
  fluorspar,  garnets,  wildlife 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  3% 
  permanent  crops:  1% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  7% 
  forest  and  woodland:  4% 
  other:  85% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  520  sq  km  (1989) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  water  pollution  from  urban  and  industrial  wastes; 
  degradation  of  water  quality  from  increased  use  of  pesticides  and 
  fertilizers;  deforestation;  soil  erosion;  desertification  poaching 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Marine  Dumping,  Marine  Life 
  Conservation,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Ship 
  Pollution,  Wetlands,  Whaling;  signed,  but  not  ratified  - 
  Desertification 
 
  Note:  the  Kenyan  Highlands  comprise  one  of  the  most  successful 
  agricultural  production  regions  in  Africa;  glaciers  on  Mt  Kenya; 
  unique  physiography  supports  abundant  and  varied  wildlife  of 
  scientific  and  economic  value 
 
  Kenya:People 
 
  Population:  28,817,227  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  48%  (female  6,841,235;  male  6,957,908) 
  15-64  years:  50%  (female  7,277,061;  male  7,085,925) 
  65  years  and  over:  2%  (female  359,659;  male  295,439)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.99%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  41.66  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  12.04  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -19.69  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  73.5  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  52.41  years 
  male:  50.72  years 
  female:  54.16  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  5.76  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Kenyan(s) 
  adjective:  Kenyan 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Kikuyu  22%,  Luhya  14%,  Luo  13%,  Kalenjin  12%,  Kamba 
  11%,  Kisii  6%,  Meru  6%,  Asian,  European,  and  Arab  1%,  other  15% 
 
  Religions:  Protestant  (including  Anglican)  38%,  Roman  Catholic  28%, 
  indigenous  beliefs  26%,  other  8% 
 
  Languages:  English  (official),  Swahili  (official),  numerous  indigenous 
  languages 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1989) 
  total  population:  71% 
  male:  81% 
  female:  62% 
 
  Labor  force: 
  by  occupation:  agriculture  75%-80%  (1993  est.),  non-agriculture 
  20%-25%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Kenya:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Kenya 
  conventional  short  form:  Kenya 
  former:  British  East  Africa 
 
  Digraph:  KE 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Nairobi 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  7  provinces  and  1  area*;  Central,  Coast, 
  Eastern,  Nairobi  Area*,  North  Eastern,  Nyanza  Rift  Valley,  Western 
 
  Independence:  12  December  1963  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  12  December  (1963) 
 
  Constitution:  12  December  1963,  amended  as  a  republic  1964;  reissued 
  with  amendments  1979,  1983,  1986,  1988,  1991,  and  1992 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law,  tribal  law,  and  Islamic 
  law;  judicial  review  in  High  Court;  accepts  compulsory  ICJ 
  jurisdiction,  with  reservations;  constitutional  amendment  of  1982 
  making  Kenya  a  de  jure  one-party  state  repealed  in  1991 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  Daniel  Toroitich  arap 
  MOI  (since  14  October  1978);  Vice  President  George  SAITOTI  (since  10 
  May  1989);  election  last  held  on  29  December  1992  (next  to  be  held  NA 
  1997);  results  -  President  Daniel  T.  arap  MOI  was  reelected  with  37% 
  of  the  vote;  Kenneth  Matiba  (FORD-ASILI)  26%;  Mwai  Kibaki  SP  19%, 
  Oginga  Odinga  (FORD-Kenya)  17% 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  National  Assembly  (Bunge):  elections  last  held  on  29  December  1992 
  (next  to  be  held  NA);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  - 
  (188  total)  KANU  100,  FORD-Kenya  31,  FORD-Asili  31,  DP  23,  smaller 
  parties  3;  president  nominates  12  additional  members 
  note:  first  multiparty  election  since  repeal  of  one-party  state  law  in 
  1991 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Court  of  Appeal,  High  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  ruling  party  is  Kenya  African  National 
  Union  (KANU),  President  Daniel  Toroitich  arap  MOI;  opposition  parties 
  include  Forum  for  the  Restoration  of  Democracy  (FORD-Kenya),  Michael 
  WAMALWA  Forum  for  the  Restoration  of  Democracy  (FORD-Asili),  Kenneth 
  MATIBA;  Democratic  Party  of  Kenya  (DP),  Mwai  KIBAKI 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  labor  unions;  Roman  Catholic 
  Church 
 
  Member  of:  ESCAP,  FAO,  G-77,  ICAO,  ICRM,  IFAD,  IFRCS  IMO,  INTELSAT 
  (nonsignatory  user),  IOC,  ISO,  ITU,  NAM,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO 
  UNOMIL  UNU,  UPU,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Benjamin  Edgar  KIPKORIR 
  chancery:  2249  R  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  387-6101 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  462-3829 
  consulate(s)  general:  Los  Angeles  and  New  York 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Aurelia  BRAZEAL 
  embassy:  corner  of  Moi  Avenue  and  Haile  Selassie  Avenue,  Nairobi 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  30137,  Unit  64100,  Nairobi;  APO  AE  09831 
  telephone:  [254]  (2)  334141 
  FAX:  [254]  (2)  340838 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  horizontal  bands  of  black  (top),  red,  and  green;  the 
  red  band  is  edged  in  white;  a  large  warrior's  shield  covering  crossed 
  spears  is  superimposed  at  the  center 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Kenya  in  recent  years  has  had  one  of  the  highest  natural 
  rates  of  growth  in  population,  but  the  statistics  have  been 
  complicated  by  the  large-scale  movement  of  nomadic  groups  and  of 
  Somalis  back  and  forth  across  the  border.  Population  growth  has  been 
  accompanied  by  deforestation,  deterioration  in  the  road  system,  the 
  water  supply,  and  other  parts  of  the  infrastructure.  In  industry  and 
  services,  Nairobi's  reluctance  to  embrace  IMF-supported  reforms  had 
  held  back  investment  and  growth  in  1991-93.  Nairobi's  push  on  economic 
  reform  in  1994,  however,  helped  support  a  3.3%  increase  in  output. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $33.1  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  3.3%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $1,170  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  30%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  35%  urban  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $2.4  billion 
  expenditures:  $2.8  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $740 
  million  (1990  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $1.45  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  tea  25%,  coffee  18%,  petroleum  products  11%  (1990) 
  partners:  EC  47%,  Africa  23%,  Asia  11%,  US  4%,  Middle  East  3%  (1991) 
 
  Imports:  $1.85  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  machinery  and  transportation  equipment  29%,  petroleum  and 
  petroleum  products  15%,  iron  and  steel  7%,  raw  materials,  food  and 
  consumer  goods  (1989) 
  partners:  EC  46%,  Asia  23%,  Middle  East  20%,  US  5%  (1991) 
 
  External  debt:  $7  billion  (1994  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  3.9%  (1991  est.);  accounts  for  14% 
  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  810,000  kW 
  production:  3.3  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  117  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  small-scale  consumer  goods  (plastic,  furniture,  batteries, 
  textiles,  soap,  cigarettes,  flour),  processing  agricultural  products, 
  oil  refining,  cement,  tourism 
 
  Agriculture:  most  important  sector,  accounting  for  27%  of  GDP  and  65% 
  of  exports;  cash  crops  -  coffee,  tea;  food  products  -  corn,  wheat, 
  sugarcane,  fruit,  vegetables,  dairy  products,  beef,  pork,  poultry, 
  eggs 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  widespread  harvesting  of  small  wild  plots  of  marijuana 
  and  qat;  most  locally  consumed;  transit  country  for  Southwest  Asian 
  heroin  moving  to  West  Africa  and  onward  to  Europe  and  North  America; 
  Indian  methaqualone  also  transits  on  way  to  South  Africa 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $839  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $7.49  billion;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $74  million; 
  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $83  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Kenyan  shilling  (KSh)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Kenyan  shillings  (KSh)  per  US$1  -  44.478  (January 
  1995),  56.051  (1994),  58.001  (1993),  32.217  (1992),  27.508  (1991), 
  22.915  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  1  July  -  30  June 
 
  Kenya:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  2,650  km 
  narrow  gauge:  2,650  km  1.000-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  64,590  km 
  paved:  7,000  km 
  unpaved:  gravel  4,150  km  improved  earth  53,440  km 
 
  Inland  waterways:  part  of  Lake  Victoria  system  is  within  boundaries  of 
  Kenya 
 
  Pipelines:  petroleum  products  483  km 
 
  Ports:  Kisumu,  Lamu,  Mombasa 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  2  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  4,883  GRT/6,255  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  barge  carrier  1,  oil  tanker  1 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  246 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  22 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  83 
  with  unpaved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  14 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  119 
 
  Kenya:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  over  260,000  telephones;  in  top  group  of  African 
  systems 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  consists  primarily  of  microwave  radio  relay  links 
  international:  2  INTELSAT  (1  Atlantic  Ocean  and  1  Indian  Ocean)  earth 
  stations 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  16,  FM  4,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  6 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Kenya:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Army,  Navy,  Air  Force,  paramilitary  General  Service  Unit  of 
  the  Police 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  6,358,344;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  3,932,506  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $136  million,  1.9%  of 
  GDP  (FY93/94) 
 
 
 




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