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kiribati

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kiribati


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Kiribati 
  n  :  an  island  republic  in  the  west  central  Pacific  just  S  of  the 
  equator  [syn:  {Kiribati}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Kiribati 
 
  Kiribati:Geography 
 
  Location:  Oceania,  group  of  islands  in  the  Pacific  Ocean,  straddling 
  the  equator  and  the  International  Date  Line  about  one-half  of  the  way 
  from  Hawaii  to  Australia 
 
  Map  references:  Oceania 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  717  sq  km 
  land  area:  717  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  four  times  the  size  of 
  Washington,  DC 
  note:  includes  three  island  groups  -  Gilbert  Islands,  Line  Islands, 
  Phoenix  Islands 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  1,143  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  tropical;  marine,  hot  and  humid,  moderated  by  trade  winds 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  low-lying  coral  atolls  surrounded  by  extensive  reefs 
 
  Natural  resources:  phosphate  (production  discontinued  in  1979) 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  0% 
  permanent  crops:  51% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  0% 
  forest  and  woodland:  3% 
  other:  46% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  typhoons  can  occur  any  time,  but  usually  November  to 
  March;  occasional  tornadoes 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Endangered  Species, 
  Marine  Dumping,  Ozone  Layer  Protection;  signed,  but  not  ratified  - 
  Climate  Change 
 
  Note:  20  of  the  33  islands  are  inhabited;  Banaba  (Ocean  Island)  in 
  Kiribati  is  one  of  the  three  great  phosphate  rock  islands  in  the 
  Pacific  Ocean  -  the  others  are  Makatea  in  French  Polynesia  and  Nauru 
 
  Kiribati:People 
 
  Population:  79,386  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  NA 
  15-64  years:  NA 
  65  years  and  over:  NA 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.95%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  31.25  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  12.31  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0.56  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  98.4  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  54.16  years 
  male:  52.56  years 
  female:  55.78  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  3.73  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  I-Kiribati  (singular  and  plural) 
  adjective:  I-Kiribati 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Micronesian 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  52.6%,  Protestant  (Congregational)  40.9%, 
  Seventh-Day  Adventist,  Baha'i,  Church  of  God,  Mormon  6%  (1985) 
 
  Languages:  English  (official),  Gilbertese 
 
  Literacy:  NA% 
 
  Labor  force:  7,870  economically  active,  not  including  subsistence 
  farmers  (1985  est.) 
 
  Kiribati:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Kiribati 
  conventional  short  form:  Kiribati 
  former:  Gilbert  Islands 
 
  Digraph:  KR 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Tarawa 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  3  units;  Gilbert  Islands,  Line  Islands, 
  Phoenix  Islands 
  note:  in  addition,  there  are  6  districts  (Banaba,  Central  Gilberts, 
  Line  Islands,  Northern  Gilberts,  Southern  Gilberts,  Tarawa)  and  21 
  island  councils  (Abaiang,  Abemama  Aranuka  Arorae,  Banaba,  Beru, 
  Butaritari  Kanton,  Kiritimati  Kuria,  Maiana,  Makin,  Marakei 
  Nikunau  Nonouti  Onotoa  Tabiteuea  Tabuaeran  Tamana,  Tarawa, 
  Teraina  note  -  one  council  for  each  of  the  inhabited  islands) 
 
  Independence:  12  July  1979  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  12  July  (1979) 
 
  Constitution:  12  July  1979 
 
  Legal  system:  NA 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  Beretitenti 
  Teburoro  TITO  (since  1  October  1994);  Vice  President 
  (Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti)  Tewareka  TENTOA  (since  12  October  1994); 
  election  last  held  on  30  September  1994  (next  to  be  held  by  NA  1999) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  president  from  an  elected 
  parliament 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  House  of  Assembly  (Maneaba  Ni  Maungatabu):  elections  last  held  on  22 
  July  1994  (next  to  be  held  by  NA  1999);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by 
  party  NA  seats  -  (40  total;  39  elected)  Maneaban  Te  Mauri  13, 
  National  Progressive  Party  7,  independents  19 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Court  of  Appeal,  High  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  National  Progressive  Party,  Teatao 
  TEANNAKI  Christian  Democratic  Party,  Teburoro  TITO;  New  Movement 
  Party,  leader  NA  Liberal  Party,  Tewareka  TENTOA  Maneaba  Party, 
  Roniti  TEIWAKI  Maneaban  Te  Mauri,  leader  NA 
  note:  there  is  no  tradition  of  formally  organized  political  parties  in 
  Kiribati;  they  more  closely  resemble  factions  or  interest  groups 
  because  they  have  no  party  headquarters,  formal  platforms,  or  party 
  structures 
 
  Member  of:  ACP,  AsDB  C,  ESCAP,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICFTU  IDA,  IFC,  IFRCS 
  (associate),  IMF,  INTELSAT  (nonsignatory  user),  INTERPOL,  ITU, 
  SPARTECA  SPC,  SPF,  UNESCO,  UPU,  WHO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  Kiribati  has  no  mission  in  the  US 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  the  ambassador  to  Fiji  is  accredited  to 
  Kiribati 
 
  Flag:  the  upper  half  is  red  with  a  yellow  frigate  bird  flying  over  a 
  yellow  rising  sun,  and  the  lower  half  is  blue  with  three  horizontal 
  wavy  white  stripes  to  represent  the  ocean 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  A  remote  country  of  33  scattered  coral  atolls,  Kiribati  has 
  few  national  resources.  Commercially  viable  phosphate  deposits  were 
  exhausted  at  the  time  of  independence  in  1979.  Copra  and  fish  now 
  represent  the  bulk  of  production  and  exports.  The  economy  has 
  fluctuated  widely  in  recent  years.  Real  GDP  declined  about  5%  in  1987, 
  as  the  fish  catch  fell  sharply  to  only  one-fourth  the  level  of  1986 
  and  copra  production  was  hampered  by  repeated  rains.  Output  rebounded 
  strongly  in  1988,  with  real  GDP  growing  by  10%.  The  upturn  in  economic 
  growth  came  from  an  increase  in  copra  production  and  a  good  fish 
  catch.  GDP  then  fell  by  2.2%  in  1989  and  by  2.9%  in  1990,  but  has 
  risen  by  about  3%  annually  in  1991-93.  Foreign  financial  aid,  largely 
  from  the  UK  and  Japan,  is  a  critical  supplement  to  GDP,  amounting  to 
  25%-50%  of  GDP  in  recent  years. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $62  million  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  2.9%  (1993  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $800  (1993  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  6.5%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  2%;  underemployment  70%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $29.6  million 
  expenditures:  $32.8  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $14 
  million  (1993  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $4.2  million  (f.o.b.,  1992  est.) 
  commodities:  copra  50%,  seaweed  16%,  fish  15% 
  partners:  Denmark,  Fiji,  US 
 
  Imports:  $33.1  million  (c.i.f.,  1992  est.) 
  commodities:  foodstuffs,  machinery  and  equipment,  miscellaneous 
  manufactured  goods,  fuel 
  partners:  Australia  40%,  Japan  18%,  Fiji  17%,  NZ  6%,  US  4%  (1991) 
 
  External  debt:  $2  million  (December  1989  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  0.7%  (1992  est.);  accounts  for  less 
  than  4%  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  5,000  kW 
  production:  13  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  131  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  fishing,  handicrafts 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  23%  of  GDP  (including  fishing);  copra  and 
  fish  contribute  about  65%  to  exports;  subsistence  farming 
  predominates;  food  crops  -  taro,  breadfruit,  sweet  potatoes, 
  vegetables;  not  self-sufficient  in  food 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral 
  commitments  (1970-89),  $273  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Australian  dollar  ($A)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Australian  dollars  ($A)  per  US$1  -  1.3058  (January 
  1995),  1.3667  (1994),  1.4704  (1993),  1.3600  (1992),  1.2835  (1991), 
  1.2799  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  NA 
 
  Kiribati:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  640  km 
  paved:  NA 
  unpaved:  NA 
 
  Inland  waterways:  small  network  of  canals,  totaling  5  km  in  Line 
  Islands 
 
  Ports:  Banaba,  Betio,  English  Harbor,  Kanton 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  1  passenger-cargo  ship  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  1,291 
  GRT/1,295  DWT 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  21 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  4 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  5 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  11 
 
  Kiribati:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  1,400  telephones 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Pacific  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  1,  FM  0,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  0 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Kiribati:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Police  Force  (carries  out  law  enforcement  functions  and 
  paramilitary  duties;  there  are  small  police  posts  on  all  islands);  no 
  military  force  is  maintained 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  $NA,  NA%  of  GDP 
 
 
 




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