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knowledgemore about knowledge

knowledge


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Knowledge  \Knowl"edge\,  n.  [OE.  knowlage  knowlege,  knowleche, 
  knawleche.  The  last  part  is  the  Icel.  suffix  -leikr,  forming 
  abstract  nouns,  orig.  the  same  as  Icel.  leikr  game,  play, 
  sport,  akin  to  AS  l[=a]c,  Goth.  laiks  dance.  See  {Know},  and 
  cf  {Lake},  v.  i.,  {Lark}  a  frolic.] 
  1.  The  act  or  state  of  knowing;  clear  perception  of  fact 
  truth,  or  duty;  certain  apprehension;  familiar  cognizance; 
  cognition. 
 
  Knowledge,  which  is  the  highest  degree  of  the 
  speculative  faculties,  consists  in  the  perception  of 
  the  truth  of  affirmative  or  negative  propositions. 
  --Locke. 
 
  2.  That  which  is  or  may  be  known  the  object  of  an  act  of 
  knowing;  a  cognition;  --  chiefly  used  in  the  plural. 
 
  There  is  a  great  difference  in  the  delivery  of  the 
  mathematics,  which  are  the  most  abstracted  of 
  knowledges.  --Bacon. 
 
  Knowledges  is  a  term  in  frequent  use  by  Bacon,  and 
  though  now  obsolete,  should  be  revived,  as  without 
  it  we  are  compelled  to  borrow  ``cognitions''  to 
  express  its  import.  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  To  use  a  word  of  Bacon's,  now  unfortunately 
  obsolete,  we  must  determine  the  relative  value  of 
  knowledges.  --H.  Spencer. 
 
  3.  That  which  is  gained  and  preserved  by  knowing; 
  instruction;  acquaintance;  enlightenment;  learning; 
  scholarship;  erudition. 
 
  Knowledge  puffeth  up  but  charity  edifieth  --1  Cor. 
  viii.  1. 
 
  Ignorance  is  the  curse  of  God;  -  Knowledge,  the  wing 
  wherewith  we  fly  to  heaven.  --Shak. 
 
  4.  That  familiarity  which  is  gained  by  actual  experience; 
  practical  skill;  as  a  knowledge  of  life. 
 
  Shipmen  that  had  knowledge  of  the  sea.  --1  Kings  ix 
  27. 
 
  5.  Scope  of  information;  cognizance;  notice;  as  it  has  not 
  come  to  my  knowledge. 
 
  Why  have  I  found  grace  in  thine  eyes,  that  thou 
  shouldst  take  knowledge  of  me?  --Ruth  ii  10. 
 
  6.  Sexual  intercourse;  --  usually  preceded  by  carnal;  as 
  carnal  knowledge. 
 
  Syn:  See  {Wisdom}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Knowledge  \Knowl"edge\,  v.  t. 
  To  acknowledge.  [Obs.]  ``Sinners  which  knowledge  their 
  sins.''  --Tyndale. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  knowledge 
  n  :  the  psychological  result  of  perception  and  learning  and 
  reasoning  [syn:  {cognition}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  knowledge 
 
  intelligence,  information  science>  The  objects, 
  concepts  and  relationships  that  are  assumed  to  exist  in  some 
  area  of  interest.  A  collection  of  {knowledge},  represented 
  using  some  {knowledge  representation}  language  is  known  as  a 
  {knowledge  base}  and  a  program  for  extending  and/or  querying  a 
  knowledge  base  is  a  {knowledge-based  system}. 
 
  Knowledge  differs  from  {data}  or  {information}  in  that  new 
  knowledge  may  be  created  from  existing  knowledge  using  logical 
  {inference}.  If  information  is  data  plus  meaning  then 
  knowledge  is  information  plus  processing. 
 
  A  common  form  of  knowledge,  e.g.  in  a  {Prolog}  program,  is  a 
  collection  of  {fact}s  and  {rule}s  about  some  subject. 
 
  For  example,  a  {knowledge  base}  about  a  family  might  contain 
  the  facts  that  John  is  David's  son  and  Tom  is  John's  son  and 
  the  rule  that  the  son  of  someone's  son  is  their  grandson. 
  From  this  knowledge  it  could  infer  the  new  fact  that  Tom  is 
  David's  grandson. 
 
  See  also  {Knowledge  Level}. 
 
  (1994-10-19) 
 
 




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