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lachish

lachish


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Lachish 
  impregnable,  a  royal  Canaanitish  city  in  the  Shephelah  or 
  maritime  plain  of  Palestine  (Josh.  10:3,  5;  12:11).  It  was  taken 
  and  destroyed  by  the  Israelites  (Josh.  10:31-33).  It  afterwards 
  became,  under  Rehoboam,  one  of  the  strongest  fortresses  of  Judah 
  (2  Chr.  10:9).  It  was  assaulted  and  probably  taken  by 
  Sennacherib  (2  Kings  18:14,  17;  19:8;  Isa.  36:2).  An  account  of 
  this  siege  is  given  on  some  slabs  found  in  the  chambers  of  the 
  palace  of  Koyunjik  and  now  in  the  British  Museum.  The 
  inscription  has  been  deciphered  as  follows:,  "Sennacherib,  the 
  mighty  king,  king  of  the  country  of  Assyria,  sitting  on  the 
  throne  of  judgment  before  the  city  of  Lachish:  I  gave  permission 
  for  its  slaughter."  (See  {NINEVEH}.) 
 
  Lachish  has  been  identified  with  Tell-el-Hesy,  where  a 
  cuneiform  tablet  has  been  found  containing  a  letter  supposed  to 
  be  from  Amenophis  at  Amarna  in  reply  to  one  of  the  Amarna 
  tablets  sent  by  Zimrida  from  Lachish.  This  letter  is  from  the 
  chief  of  Atim  (=Etam,  1  Chr.  4:32)  to  the  chief  of  Lachish,  in 
  which  the  writer  expresses  great  alarm  at  the  approach  of 
  marauders  from  the  Hebron  hills.  "They  have  entered  the  land," 
  he  says,  "to  lay  waste...strong  is  he  who  has  come  down  He  lays 
  waste."  This  letter  shows  that  "the  communication  by  tablets  in 
  cuneiform  script  was  not  only  usual  in  writing  to  Egypt,  but  in 
  the  internal  correspondence  of  the  country.  The  letter,  though 
  not  so  important  in  some  ways  as  the  Moabite  stone  and  the 
  Siloam  text,  is  one  of  the  most  valuable  discoveries  ever  made 
  in  Palestine"  (Conder's  Tell  Amarna  Tablets,  p.  134). 
 
  Excavations  at  Lachish  are  still  going  on  and  among  other 
  discoveries  is  that  of  an  iron  blast-furnace,  with  slag  and 
  ashes,  which  is  supposed  to  have  existed  B.C.  1500.  If  the 
  theories  of  experts  are  correct,  the  use  of  the  hot-air  blast 
  instead  of  cold  air  (an  improvement  in  iron  manufacture  patented 
  by  Neilson  in  1828)  was  known  fifteen  hundred  years  before 
  Christ.  (See  {FURNACE}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Lachish,  who  walks,  or  exists,  of  himself