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lesothomore about lesotho

lesotho


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Lesotho 
  n  :  a  constitutional  monarchy  in  southern  Africa  [syn:  {Lesotho}, 
  {Basutoland}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Lesotho 
 
  Lesotho:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southern  Africa,  an  enclave  of  South  Africa 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  30,350  sq  km 
  land  area:  30,350  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Maryland 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  909  km  South  Africa  909  km 
 
  Coastline:  0  km  (landlocked) 
 
  Maritime  claims:  none;  landlocked 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  temperate;  cool  to  cold,  dry  winters;  hot,  wet  summers 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  highland  with  plateaus,  hills,  and  mountains 
 
  Natural  resources:  water,  agricultural  and  grazing  land,  some  diamonds 
  and  other  minerals 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  10% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  66% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0% 
  other:  24% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  population  pressure  forcing  settlement  in  marginal 
  areas  results  in  overgrazing  severe  soil  erosion,  soil  exhaustion; 
  desertification  Highlands  Water  Project  will  control,  store,  and 
  redirect  water  to  South  Africa 
  natural  hazards:  periodic  droughts 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Marine  Life 
  Conservation,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Wetlands;  signed,  but  not 
  ratified  -  Climate  Change,  Desertification  Endangered  Species,  Law  of 
  the  Sea,  Marine  Dumping 
 
  Note:  landlocked;  surrounded  by  South  Africa 
 
  Lesotho:People 
 
  Population:  1,992,960  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  41%  (female  407,213;  male  416,709) 
  15-64  years:  54%  (female  558,106;  male  520,961) 
  65  years  and  over:  5%  (female  51,809;  male  38,162)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.44%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  33.39  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  8.96  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  67.4  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  62.56  years 
  male:  60.74  years 
  female:  64.43  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  4.41  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Mosotho  (singular),  Basotho  (plural) 
  adjective:  Basotho 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Sotho  99.7%,  Europeans  1,600,  Asians  800 
 
  Religions:  Christian  80%,  rest  indigenous  beliefs 
 
  Languages:  Sesotho  (southern  Sotho),  English  (official),  Zulu,  Xhosa 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1966) 
  total  population:  59% 
  male:  44% 
  female:  68% 
 
  Labor  force:  689,000  economically  active 
  by  occupation:  86.2%  of  resident  population  engaged  in  subsistence 
  agriculture;  roughly  60%  of  the  active  male  wage  earners  work  in  South 
  Africa 
 
  Lesotho:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Kingdom  of  Lesotho 
  conventional  short  form:  Lesotho 
  former:  Basutoland 
 
  Digraph:  LT 
 
  Type:  constitutional  monarchy 
 
  Capital:  Maseru 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  10  districts;  Berea,  Butha-Buthe,  Leribe 
  Mafeteng  Maseru,  Mohale's  Hoek,  Mokhotlong  Qacha's  Nek,  Quthing 
  Thaba-Tseka 
 
  Independence:  4  October  1966  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  4  October  (1966) 
 
  Constitution:  2  April  1993 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law  and  Roman-Dutch  law; 
  judicial  review  of  legislative  acts  in  High  Court  and  Court  of  Appeal; 
  has  not  accepted  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  21  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  King  MOSHOESHOE  II  (since  February  1995) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Ntsu  MOKHEHLE  (since  2  April  1993) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet 
 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  Parliament  consisting  of  the  Assembly  or 
  lower  house  whose  members  are  chosen  by  popular  election  and  the 
  Senate  or  upper  house  whose  members  consist  of  the  22  principal  chiefs 
  and  11  other  members  appointed  by  the  ruling  party;  election  last  held 
  in  March  1993  (first  since  1971);  all  65  seats  in  the  Assembly  were 
  won  by  the  BCP 
 
  Judicial  branch:  High  Court,  Court  of  Appeal,  Magistrate's  Court, 
  customary  or  traditional  court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Basotho  National  Party  (BNP),  Evaristus 
  SEKHONYANA  Basotho  Congress  Party  (BCP),  Ntsu  MOKHEHLE  National 
  Independent  Party  (NIP),  A.  C.  MANYELI  Marematlou  Freedom  Party 
  (MFP),  Vincent  MALEBO;  United  Democratic  Party,  Charles  MOFELI 
  Communist  Party  of  Lesotho  (CPL),  Jacob  M.  KENA 
 
  Member  of:  ACP,  AfDB  C,  CCC,  ECA,  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICFTU 
  ICRM,  IDA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  INTELSAT  (nonsignatory  user), 
  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  NAM,  OAU,  SACU,  SADC,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNHCR 
  UNIDO  UPU,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  (vacant);  Charge  d'Affaires  ad  interim  Mokhali  A. 
  LITHEBE  (since  2  July  1994) 
  chancery:  2511  Massachusetts  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  797-5533  through  5536 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  234-6815 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Myrick  BISMARCK 
  embassy:  address  NA  Maseru 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  333,  Maseru  100,  Lesotho 
  telephone:  [266]  312666 
  FAX:  [266]  310116 
 
  Flag:  divided  diagonally  from  the  lower  hoist  side  corner;  the  upper 
  half  is  white  bearing  the  brown  silhouette  of  a  large  shield  with 
  crossed  spear  and  club;  the  lower  half  is  a  diagonal  blue  band  with  a 
  green  triangle  in  the  corner 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Small  landlocked,  and  mountainous,  Lesotho  has  no  important 
  natural  resources  other  than  water.  Its  economy  is  based  on 
  agriculture,  light  manufacturing,  and  remittances  from  laborers 
  employed  in  South  Africa  (these  remittances  supplement  domestic  income 
  by  as  much  as  45%).  The  great  majority  of  households  gain  their 
  livelihoods  from  subsistence  farming  and  migrant  labor;  a  large 
  portion  of  the  adult  male  work  force  is  employed  in  South  African 
  mines.  Manufacturing  depends  largely  on  farm  products  to  support  the 
  milling,  canning,  leather,  and  jute  industries;  other  industries 
  include  textile,  clothing,  and  construction.  Although  drought  has 
  decreased  agricultural  activity  over  the  past  few  years,  improvement 
  of  a  major  hydropower  facility  will  permit  the  sale  of  water  to  South 
  Africa  and  allow  Lesotho's  economy  to  continue  its  moderate  growth. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $2.6  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  6%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $1,340  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  13.9%  (1993) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  substantial  unemployment  and  underemployment 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $438  million 
  expenditures:  $430  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $155 
  million  (FY93/94  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $109  million  (f.o.b.,  1992) 
  commodities:  wool,  mohair,  wheat,  cattle,  peas,  beans,  corn,  hides, 
  skins,  baskets 
  partners:  South  Africa  42%,  EC  28%,  North  and  South  America  25%  (1991) 
 
  Imports:  $964  million  (c.i.f.,  1992) 
  commodities:  mainly  corn,  building  materials,  clothing,  vehicles, 
  machinery,  medicines,  petroleum 
  partners:  South  Africa  94%,  Asia  3%,  EC  1%  (1991) 
 
  External  debt:  $512  million  (1993) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  10%;  accounts  for  17%  of  GDP  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  Electricity:  power  supplied  by  South  Africa 
 
  Industries:  food,  beverages,  textiles,  handicrafts,  tourism 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  50%  of  GDP  (1993  est.);  exceedingly 
  primitive,  mostly  subsistence  farming  and  livestock;  principal  crops 
  corn,  wheat,  pulses,  sorghum,  barley 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $268  million;  US 
  (1992),  $10.3  million;  US  (1993  est.),  $10.1  million;  Western  (non-US) 
  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments  (1970-89),  $819  million; 
  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $4  million;  Communist  countries 
  (1970-89),  $14  million 
 
  Currency:  1  loti  L  =  100  lisente 
 
  Exchange  rates:  maloti  M  per  US$1  -  3.5389  (January  1995),  3.5490 
  (1994),  3.2636  (1993),  2.8497  (1992),  2.7563  (1991),  2.5863  (1990); 
  note  -  the  Basotho  loti  is  at  par  with  the  South  African  rand 
 
  Fiscal  year:  1  April  -  31  March 
 
  Lesotho:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  2.6  km  note  -  owned  by  operated  by  and  included  in  the 
  statistics  of  South  Africa 
  narrow  gauge:  2.6  km  1.067-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  7,215  km 
  paved:  572  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  stabilized  earth  2,337  km  improved  earth  1,806  km 
  unimproved  earth  2,500  km  (1988) 
 
  Ports:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  29 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  23 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  4 
 
  Lesotho:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  5,920  telephones;  rudimentary  system 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  consists  of  a  few  land  lines,  a  small  microwave  radio  relay 
  system,  and  a  minor  radio  communication  system 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  3,  FM  4,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  1 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Lesotho:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Lesotho  Defense  Force  (LDF;  includes  Army  and  Air  Wing), 
  Lesotho  Mounted  Police 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  453,844;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  244,767  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $25  million,  NA%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 
 
 
 




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